Hypochondria - mental illness. The man who has suffered this ailment is usually confident that he has all the signs of one or another disease. In fact, the real health problems in the hypochondriacs are most often absent (of course, in addition to mental disorder on this basis). Hypochondria does not claim the role of an independent disease, and the degree of its nestness is determined by the intensity of the manifestation of symptoms and personal qualities of a particular person.
Why hypochondria appears
The reasons for the development of this disorder make it difficult to call even modern doctors. The manifestations of the hypochondria are so many-sided that physiologists call the disease with a reflection of such pathological changes in the work of the brain, as:
- distorted transmission of nerve impulses from internal organs in the cerebral bark;
- damage to the cortex of the brain;
- Dysfunction of the vegetative department of the nervous system.
In addition, the danger lies and in the way of life, which leads a modern man. Potential hypochondrics - people's dense and ardent, easily entering the influence of media media. Today, each of us thanks to the Internet exhaustive information about any disease, which can only be found in the medical directory. Moreover, if desired, you can find out what drugs are one or another disease, bypassing the doctor's office. Meanwhile, avalanche of available specific information can be most negatively affected by sensitive people prone to self-sufficiency.
Who is in the risk group
As already noted, experts cannot call the hypochondria of a full-fledged disease, but they consider this disorder as an addition to other impairments in the psyche. That is why hypochondria is treated in the walls of a medical institution, in the cabinets of psychiatrists and psychotherapists.
In order to have a clear idea of the patient's condition, a doctor, first of all, will prescribe a patient a complete medical diagnosis. Based on its results, it will be possible to conclude who is a patient - a true hypochondrik or a person, in fact suffering from a very concrete somatic disease.
During the medical examination, the patient gives biological material for clinical blood test, urine and feces, undergoing ultrasound and ecg procedures. It is possible that the doctor will appoint additional examination.
Treatment of mental disorder
Completely, use drugs and psychotherapeutic practices to combat aggressive symptoms of hypochondria. Medical treatment is aiming the goal to calm the patient, joining «Golden nerves» His exhausted consciousness. For this, the patient is prescribed a course of antidepressants. If the course of the hypochondria is complicated by sharp neurotic symptoms, the doctor makes a choice in favor of more serious drugs - neuroleptics or tranquilizers.
But only an experienced psychotherapist will help truly correct the state of hypochondric, who knows how to change the stereotypical plants of thinking of such an impressionable person. In this case, psychological practice unobtrusively pushes the patient to the positive perception of the world and aware of himself in it. The doctor will help the hypochondrick not only to understand that his health does not threaten anything, but also to give up the former belief that danger is waiting for him everywhere. In addition, in the process of communicating with a competent psychologist, the patient learns about the effective ways to overcome stress and depressive situations that will be annoyed from time to time.
An important moment in the process of recovery of hypochondrik will be the support of his relatives and loved ones, which in most cases and lead it for help from specialists. It is the close environment of the patient who will be able to control his condition, timely bytensifying periods of aggravation of mental disorder. Native people - Solominka, for which a person is enough, sinking into a sea of negative emotions and anxiety experiences.
How to avoid hypochondria
From time to time, a small unfortunate hypochondrik wakes up in each of us, because all people are sometimes characterized to fall under the infinity of doubts and excessive conciseness about their well-being. Our site will tell you how to behave so that the hypochondria does not put us on the blade:
- Do not think about what you can get sick of any terrible disease. Remember the wise saying: «Man suggests, and God has». Refer to the problem of philosophically: if many things do not depend on us in this life, then, it means that there is nothing to worry about.
- If the sphere of your professional activity is far from medicine, do not closely study materials about various diseases and medicines. That «innocent» Hobbies can play with you a cruel joke.
- Fully rest and definitely pour.
- Do not deny yourself in the daily portion of endorphins - Hormones of happiness. They are produced during sports.
Learn to abstract from trouble and stress. Find an effective way to relax that will help you. Swimming, yoga, coloring for adults, meeting with friends, breeding cacti on the windowsill - there are many options to feel the peaceful and happy!
If a person close to you has become unnecessarily concerned about his own health, watch him for a while. Perhaps you should offer him to consult a doctor? The earlier, the hypochondrik will fall into the hands of an experienced specialist, the easier it is to block the attacks of the disease.