What is Parkinsonism


  • Parkinsonism, manifestation of Parkinsonism
  • Parkinsonism treatment

  • Parkinsonism, manifestation of Parkinsonism

    Under the term «Parkinsonison» Understand the ranks
    diseases of the nervous system leaking with tremor. Distinguish
    Parkinsonism primary or Parkinson's disease, and secondary, or
    symptomatic. Secondary Parkinsonism can be due to
    infectious, traumatic brain damage, infectious
    or medicinal influences, as well as vascular or tumor

    What is Parkinsonism
    The main clinical manifestation of Parkinsonism
    are tremor, rigidity and muscle refueling, small amplitude and «Standard» movements, as well as impaired muscle reflexes. One of them
    The first manifestations is a violation of the handwriting - the size of the letters is reduced
    and clarity of their writing. Join hymifia - decrease
    expressiveness of the Mimici; The face becomes masculine, sometimes with
    frozen grimace surprise or sadness. Significantly regenerate
    blinking ages; it becomes insensitive and monotonous.
    Gradually appears a feeling of stiffness in the whole body. Sick
    for a long time can be in the poses, not possible for healthy
    people, such as lying with a raised headband (symptom «Airbag»). Significantly changing gait. The first steps
    Made with great strength, and then the patient moves small,
    Seed marines, the pace of which gradually increases, patients as if «catch up» your own center of gravity. to stop him as well
    difficult how to start moving. Can be observed
    Paradoxical motor phenomena: so, patient who hardly
    rises from the chair. can easily run up the stairs, or walk,
    crossing over big obstacles. Temporary «Focula» and
    Movement can occur under the influence of strong emotions as
    Positive and negative - joy or fear.

    Another important manifestation of Parkinsonism
    Serves muscular rigidity. As the disease progresses, she
    gradually increases, which is accompanied by the development of characteristic poses with
    predominance of flexion of limbs and torso: neck bent. Golovan
    tilted forward, hands bent in the elbow joints and are shown to
    torso, the back of the ground and legs are slightly bent into the hip and
    Knee joints. When trying to straighten the force of the hand or feet of the patient,
    It feels the reinforced resistance in his muscles, how throughout
    extension and bending. At the same time, the muscles are inflicted and bended as
    would with small twitching, as on the gears - the so-called,
    symptom «gear».

    Another characteristic manifestation of Parkinsonism
    is the Tremelor of the whole body, especially noticeable in his hands and head. Frequency
    trembling in different parts of the body may be different, but on average - 4-8
    oscillations per second. Usually tremor is more pronounced at rest and
    significantly decreases when performing targeted movements.
    Emotional tension and high attention usually enhance tremor.
    Beginning from the fingers, he, as the disease progressing,
    An Other muscle groups are spreading, capturing the lower jaw,
    Language. Lower limbs.

    Treatment Parkinsonism

    In the treatment of Parkinsonism universal schemes
    No. Therapeutic program for each patient should be individual,
    However, a rationally selected treatment regimen will allow good
    Results for a long time. Main preparations,
    used in treatment are funds acting on various
    Nervous Mediators - Acetylcholine, Dopamine. These include some
    Groups of antidepressants, neuroleptics, cholinolithics. Previously
    The surgical treatment of Parkinsonism (operations for
    the destruction of the brain departments responsible for muscle rigidity and
    tremor) in the present practically do not apply. This is explained
    Pretty successful pharmacotherapy, the progress of which is in the last

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