For someone diet - this is a temporary restriction in food and a way to reset a few kilograms to any event, and for diabetics is a harsh necessity, a matter of life and death.
What is diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic endocrine disease characterized by a violation of metabolism (carbohydrate, protein, fat) due to lack of hormone insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels.
However, on the other hand, diabetes is not a disease, but a lifestyle. This is true, because a strict diet is an important component of diabetic vital activity that supports and providing good well-being. But the rest of the person with diabetes, the same as we and we are. Our site will tell about this difficult diet and tell me how to organize your food.
For reference: Depending on the causes of the occurrence and development of disease, diabetes is two types:
- The first type is insulin-dependent, requires everyday injection;
- The second type is insulin-dependent, we need to receive sugar-based drugs in the form of tablets.
In any case, the diet is mandatory for all.
Why do you need a diet
The diet is part of the treatment and maintenance therapy with diabetes. The main task of the diet for diabetics is the regulation of blood sugar levels, because high sugar is the main reason for complications in diabetes. Sugar enters the body in the form of carbohydrates, they need to limit as much as possible. It is also necessary to control the number of fats entering the body and take them within reasonable limits. Oily food and various types of plant and animal oils have high calorie content, and diabetics need to follow the daily calorie content of the diet and not exceed it. The daily rate of caloric calorie for a person suffering from diabetes, and the patient's duties include strict performance of these prescriptions.
Diet with diabetes
The diet for diabetics is based on the following principles:
- A person should not be hungry, food Five to six times a day, while the caloric content of the received food should be distributed as follows: the first breakfast - 25%, the second breakfast - 10%, lunch - 35%, afternooner - 10%, dinner - 20 %. Eating food at the same time;
- It is not recommended to overeat;
- Strict food control that can raise blood sugar.
All food consists of carbohydrates, proteins, fats. In addition, for the normal functioning of the body, do not forget to provide it with the necessary vitamins and microelements. Culinary processing of products at your discretion.
Let us dwell on the carbohydrates, the key element of the diet, sugar supplier in the body. Of course, carbohydrates are necessary to ensure humans, but diabetics need to organize their receipt by the same portions throughout the day to avoid jumps from sugar levels. Depending on the velocity of splitting with the body, carbohydrates are divided into simple and complex. Simple absorbing quickly, it means that the level of blood sugar is also raised quickly, complex carbohydrates split long, respectively, sugar comes slower for a long time. Thus, making up a diet for diabetics you need to choose slow carbohydrates.
One of the most dangerous simple carbohydrates due to the rapid assimilation is the usual sugar, which is widely used not only in its pure form, and in various finished products. In this connection, diabetics are prohibited by the use of pure sugar and any saham-containing products.
Sugar. To «Sweese» Life applies various sacrament. In addition, now on store shelves, many special sweets for diabetics prepared on the basis of sugar substitutes are candy, cookies, waffles. But despite the fact that there is no sugar in these products, their techniques should also be limited, as Sakharo-substitutes are still carbohydrates, the receipt of which must be minimized.
Caution needs to be related to the use of fruit, as they contain a large amount of natural sugar - fructose. Due to its high content, it is required to reduce the use of fruits in general, and especially those that contain the maximum amount of sugar - grapes, watermelon, figs, bananas. It is desirable to eat apples, citrus. Dried fruits too banned. Unfortunately, honey is excluded from the diet, although it is a natural product and source of nutrients.
Craises. Slow carbohydrates permitted in diet, include black bread, bran bread, porridge. Exclusions need flour products from white flour - bread, bread, pasta, semolina porridge. The champion in useful substances - buckwheat, besides it is allowed millet and oatmeal.
Vegetables. From vegetables, due to the large content of starch, it is required to remove the potatoes from the menu. If it is used, it is cut before cooking and soaked in cold water for several hours. It is allowed to include in your diet almost all vegetables, especially useful cabbage, carrots, greens (parsley, spinach, dill).
Little secret: the more fiber food, the slower sugar is absorbed into the blood.
Proteins - the main building material for cells, although in them in minor quantities contain carbohydrates. Useful consumption of meat (beef, liver), fish, birds (exclusion - duck). Despite the beneficial properties, the eggs include moderately. Possessing the consumption of dairy products - milk, cottage cheese, cheese, sour cream, fermented milk products. The main condition - they should not be fat. In large quantities, proteins also contain in plant food - mushrooms, beans, lentils, and - they will be useful for diabetics.
Fat, Supplying human energy, also necessary for protein synthesis in the body. Preference is better to give useful fats contained in fish and vegetable oils (olive, sunflower).
The drinks. Carefully take away the drinking drinks, of course, you need to avoid sweet carbonated drinks, beer. Wine is allowed dry red, no more than 50 g per day. Strong alcoholic beverages are better excluded, as they adversely affect the pancreas.