Acetional syndrome


  • What is acetonemic syndrome
  • What to do with acetional syndrome
  • Important

  • What is acetonemic syndrome

    Familiar to many parents Picture: Kid has a high temperature, vomiting, intoxication, a terrible smell of acetone from his mouth and, as a result, ambulance under the entrance and a few hours under the dropper.

    In the case when such a situation occurs once, there is a speech about acetional crisis. If the crises begin to repeat - this is already acetonemic syndrome.

    It occurs when accumulating in the blood of a non-heated organism of the production of protein - ketone bodies.

    The reason for such accumulation is laid in the body of the child genetically (by the way, boys are more susceptible). Possess the genetic failure can feature mom's nutrition, when it is still pregnant, namely, an abundance in her diet of protein, especially meat, products.

    The same errors can provoke the development of the crisis in the kid.

    In addition to him, provocateurs serve viral and infectious diseases, stress, overwork, overexcitation, long-distance ride.
    Often the first meeting with acetone occurs during the rest on the sea coast, and parents confuse it with poisoning. In this case, besides incorrect nutrition, acclimatization can become wines.

    Acetone Very often accompanies nervous arthritical diathesis. This condition is characterized by a disorder of metabolism and an increased excitability of the nervous system. The kids suffering from them are characterized by a thin physique. They are usually lagging behind the peers in weight. However, they begin to talk early, possess increased curiosity, good memory, easy to teach. Them «limitations»: Bad appetite, stubbornness, breaking sleep and elevated planetness, irritability.

    Typically, the first attacks appear at two years, they are rapid to seven years and completely disappear by the beginning of puberty (12 years).

    What to do with acetional syndrome

    Acetional syndromeCrisis may arise suddenly. If you first encountered this problem, you need to urgently ask for help. In the hands of inexperienced parents, acetional crisis can be dangerous for the life of the kid.

    The main danger lies in acetional vomit (at first untouched food, then bile). With her, the kid very quickly loses fluid, and the body intoxication increases. Toddler body temperature often rises to 39 °S, often the diarrhea occurs.

    Experienced parents can stop the development of the syndrome even before the arrival of doctors, there will be no need to go to the hospital.

    The main thing for this is to notice early «acetone» Signs.

    If you saw that the baby became nervous, weak, sluggish, if an unhealthy blush appeared on his cheeks (acetone smell of mouth and pain in the navel area appear later), this is already a reason for active actions.

    The first is to check the presence of acetone in the urine and determine its level. This can be done at home with test strips on acetone. They are sold at the pharmacy (without a recipe) and must be in the first-aid kit (first of all if your child belongs to the risk group). Such strips will show the level of ketone bodies in the urine (positive - from one to four pluses). The situation needs to be observed in the dynamics: if acetone grows slowly and does not exceed three pluses, you can adjust the condition of the baby at home.

    Correction of acetional crisis - First of all, the baking kid with saline solutions (electrolytes).

    Child need to take fractional doses (1 h. Spoon every five minutes) mineral water without gas (preferably alkaline - Borjomi, Polyana Kvass), a solution of reguder (released in a pharmacy without a recipe), decoction from dried fruits.

    But at the same time remember: it is impossible to give the baby a large amount of fluid - it will provoke re-vomiting.

    With severe vomiting you can continuously enter the liquid in the mouth of the baby using a pipette. It is also well to make microclism with an alkaline solution (1 teaspoon of soda on a glass of cool water) - it will not only help bring the ketone bodies from the kid's body, but also reduce the temperature.

    During the day, the child should drink the volume of liquid equal to 120 ml / kg of body weight. For example, the kid, weighing 15 kg, should drink 1.8 l. But you don't need to eat anything in this period: at the first attacks of vomiting, the child is recommended hunger.

    From the second day you can give crackers, cookies, rice porridge, vegetable soup. Feeding should be frequent and small portions.


    In the case when dropping does not give results, level «acetone» Rapidly growing and the condition of the child worsens, it is necessary to start infusion (intravenous) therapy.

    Such a state requires immediate hospitalization!


    To prevent new attacks, you must comply with the diet.

    It must consist mainly of fermented milk products, eggs, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, cereals from. A week after acetional crisis, you can enter a beef, low-fat pork and fish, rabbit meat. Keep your baby drinking mode: Offer your fruis (currants, cranberries), green tea and dried fruit compote. These drinks have properties to output slags and pathogenic microbes from the body, and also restore the water and alkaline balance.

    ...Not worth it.

    First, the products containing purines: they increase the level of ketone bodies in the blood, and this provokes the appearance of acetone.
    Second, cold and sweet: such products negatively act on the gastric mucosa and the pancreas.

    Here is a list of 16 products that are prohibited during acetonemic syndrome in the first place.

    • Broths
    • veal
    • Oily pork
    • duck
    • liver
    • brain
    • kidney
    • sausage
    • herring
    • spinach
    • sorrel
    • green beans
    • cauliflower
    • Bean
    • kiwi
    • sour cream

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