Diagnosis Parents will find out literally from the first days. For a number of clinical
Signs of the child doctor of the hospital gives a direction for genetic
analysis. If there is a syndrome, it will be found at the first
study - repeated analyzes will only confirm the bitter fact. But still
Parents sometimes refuse to believe in what happened.
They are psychologically ne
can make a diagnosis and continue to raise the kid, as if he does not have
no problem. But by this they do not help the child, but they only make worse.
After all, Down Syndrome is not just a lag in mental development.
Due to changes in chromosomal set, cell metabolism is broken,
As a result, many organs and tissues suffer, in connection with which he can
Disceived congenital heart disease, there are violations of vision or hearing
and T. D.
All these diseases must be in time detected by experts,
Most of them require medication treatment. Refusing
Take a diagnosis, parents, in fact, refuse to give timely
Necessary medical care to your child.
Where to begin
From the very beginning it is very important to listen to the advice of doctors, strictly
fulfill their recommendations - take medicine, if necessary
Passage treatment in the hospital, conduct surveys and procedures. For
The most important thing is now - to strengthen the overall health of the baby.
From the first months, the child's lag from
Personnel. Due to different reasons, including due to reduced tone,
It is quickly tired, little awake, poorly fixes the look. Fast
loses interest in toys, reacts little even on their parents.
All this is not because he does not like them - just the opportunity to express
his feelings, emotions he has strongly limited. Motor lags behind
development - such children are on average begins to hold their heads to three
months, sit no earlier than 9-12 months, walk - closer to one and a half or two
It seems that the child's body is as if in a half and not particularly
She strives for development. But in fact he wants to grow - and is waiting only
Help from the outside.
Of course, you need to immediately say: completely eliminate
The lag can not, since the main reason remains - syndrome. But,
regularly and purposefully engaged in the child, we will achieve that
It will develop faster and rather implements the laid down in it
nature potential. On the contrary, fencing the baby from activity, we will go
fruit of even later development.
The most important question - and what effort for the child will be useful?
It is best to answer a personal defectologist who from birth
Could watch your baby.
Therefore, as soon as possible start
Search for such a specialist - contact local rehabilitation
Centers, medical and psychological counseling. If all this
There is no nearby, the first and main advocate must be a pediatrician,
which on the basis of data on diseases of the child will determine which
Massage for it is suitable, what physical load is available.
A step must be the acquisition of literature - as a special nature,
So the overall for ordinary healthy children.
Philosophy of communication
Cocking with the child by the usual program for early age,
Naturally, you need to make a discount on his condition. At defectologists
The principle of such - the function of the child should develop harmoniously, but without
binding to specific timing.
Therefore, do not chase for achievements and
Remember that, loading the child over the measure, we, instead of step for
step to encourage him to move forward, give rise to the protest in response, and through
Some time any attempt even just get closer to call
More often such a situation happens at urban children,
Since parents living in the rapid rhythm of the metropolis are
impatiently, do not measure their desires and child opportunities.
Often you have to face the fact that a simple rustic
Women child develops much better than «Advanced»,
in theory «Santa» City Mom. Visible leisurely,
Folk traditions of patient conversion to the child, sincere wisdom
Much more benefits bring than any scholastic knowledge,
Undercounted from books.
If we want to achieve a good result, then
must be very attentive and sensitive to their kid can be able to
understand the moment when he is ready to interact when waiting and wishes
Our help. You should always go with a child's hand in hand, but a little bit
Ahead. Encourage him to act as much as he can - and
A bit more. But no longer on two steps, but on the touch.
Program of action
Deciding with the circle of literature and those people, specialists who
can help you start classes. Choose this daily
A certain time. In this watch, you need to turn off the phone, close the doors and
Defend each minute to the baby - whether there is a massage, gymnastics or
The purpose of all classes is to help a small little man
gradually adapt in the world around. For this you need
Develop sensory perception (vision, hearing), motor skills (movement)
And speech (here includes the formation of emotions and communication skills).
We slowly remove the baby from the passive state - pushing
him to tracking toys, focusing on the surrounding
subjects. Let him find it difficult to keep the head, but we are daily
lay it on your stomach, make a massage, exercises - avoiding it
It should be emphasized that such children at any age is very
Useful swimming. Gradually, we will note that the activity of the child
grows - he is no longer just watching the toys, but pulls the handles to them,
Reducing the overall activity in children with Down syndrome is reflected in
Speech delay - the first words at best appear in 1.5-2 years.
But if you are actively communicating with the baby, it can happen earlier.
regret, a woman after childbirth is often susceptible to depression -
The overall fatigue affects, and here is still a bladd diagnosis...
Immersed in his heavy thoughts, Mom postponing chatting with a child «for later», When he grows up, and thus the most precious is lost
period when you can lay and develop social and speech reactions
The more emotionally we will communicate with the baby
he will start to imitate us faster, rather smile and finally says
His first sounds.
Already at this time we will begin to instill a child social skills -
planting on the pot, teach the bottle, eat hands an apple
Or Sukharik, take food from a spoon. After a year, the baby must learn
Alone to keep a spoon.
If we patiently and daily paid attention to classes, then by the year
We will most likely be quite active, emotionally and
Socially developed child. He knows how to communicate with objects - throws and
shifts toys, meets us with emotions - frowning, smiles and
even laughs, at the same time something brands. He will sit and try
crawl. Yes, his healthy peers can be more - but no doubt,
Our kid stepped forward, matured and became completely different.
In the second year of life, we will offer him more serious games with
Items, let's start teaching active crawling, getting up from the knees,
Finally walking. We will teach it to master the space - independently
get to toys and bring them.
In speech we start correlate
pronounced sounds with movements, objects, concepts, pointing to
All about what: «Where is the fire?», «Who's there?», «This is the car», «Give handle».
Thus, it is possible that by two years we will get
independently moving and actively interested in the surrounding
The medium and the surrounding people of the child, and even a simple povet, correlated
with objects, in fact, will be the first conscious speech.
Communication with others
Very important point - Social Conduct Skills. Basically
Any child needs to be learn to behave correctly - to be tidy, not
capricious, do not break toys, not offend other children and t. D.
Children we are talking about, it is doubly important. In our society
Attitude towards children is pretty strict, and a child having skills
Right from the point of view of the society of behavior, it can be easier
adapt in the environment.
After a year we can start consciously communicate with peers.
The first platform for communication and dating can be sandbox.
To «access to people» passed painlessly, you need to keep in mind
A few moments. First, considering that the possibilities of active games
Your baby is limited. Therefore, you must react sensitively to
child fatigue and, if necessary, take it from the games, give
In addition, he, as we remember, can not do everything,
What are his one year old, it also needs to be taken with soulful
The second thing to be done is to build relationships with parents
other children who may not be fully aware of the essence
Diseases of your baby.
You are already accustomed to that always and in everything must be a teacher to her
to kid. Every skill it acquires from your feed - the same applies to
Ability to communicate with others.
In the first time you must insign themselves
Communication - not just to say: «Give the boy handle», - And take a hand
baby and put a boy in hand. Set to another kid somewhat
questions, show how to play together - that is, give a model
Behavior. Your child will gradually do everything himself, but all this
Teach him you.
On the third year of life, your social contacts can significantly
Expand. First, it can be a specialized kindergarten,
where baby will be in a small group under supervision
educators and special teachers. But it may be the usual
Mini-group engaged in modern training systems.
drive a kid in a speech therapy group where experts will improve
his speech - after all, most likely, by this time we will have some
the stock of words and the amount of them will grow. Start chatting a child
from such mini groups, and visiting the massacre of people - circus,
Theater - do short-term or postpone for the future.
Staying a man to raise a man
Parents raising a child with Down syndrome, got
Not easy share. And at the same time, they have a chance to go fascinating
way of direct participation in the growing of a little man,
experience satisfaction from its achievements and success. And their child is not
will remain ungrateful and pay for care for response and caress.
This child will never reject his parents.
Of course, it is difficult to solve this task one - unfortunately, the state
Provides sufficiently support to such families. Ideally, every person
should be able to contact the center where, as in our institute
Correctional pedagogy, in the Union there is a team of specialists -
Pediatrician, physical physical physician and teacher-psychologist.
But it is rarity, and if you
It seems that help to wait now, try to write off the same,
as you parents, in order to help each other advice and support
We advise you to read
- BUT. BUT. Kataeva, E. BUT. Strebeliev. «Didactic games and exercises for preschoolers».
- Carol Tinghai-Michaelis. «Children with disadvantages of development», book to help parents.
- NS. G. Pilyugin. «Sensory abilities kid», Games on the development of color perception, forms and values in young children.
- L. N. Pavlova, E. G. Pilyugin, E. B. Volosov. Program «Sources», Methodical manual for early and preschool age.
- L. N. Pavlova. «I know the baby with the outside world».
- YU. BUT. Venaskova. «Games with children of infant age».
- Jackie Silberg. «Entertaining games with kids».
- Series of books of the center of early assistance to children with Down syndrome «Downside Axt».
- NS. L. Zhiyovina. «Social adaptation of young children with Down syndrome».
- «Small steps», The program of early pedagogical assistance to children with development deviations - University of McCarery, Sydney.