Children's Gynecology: The most common diseases


  • Inflammatory processes in girls
  • Why girls are sick vulvovagitis
  • How to recognize vulvovaginit
  • Reveal and cure vulvivaginit
  • Children's, adult cystitis

  • Inflammatory processes in girls

    One of the questions that is often bothering parents - allocations from sex tract, the so-called vulvovaginitis. What is it? Consider in more detail.

    Types of inflammation:

    • Colpit (vaginitis) - Inflammation of the mucous membrane.
    • Vulvovaginitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane and outdoor genital organs.
    • Vulvit - inflammation of the sex and clitoris.

    Vulvovaginitis is an inflammatory process in the field of external genital organs and vagina, which in the structure of children's gynecological diseases is most common. But the significance of this problem is determined not only by the frequency. This disease, in the absence of timely diagnosis and proper treatment, may have quite serious remote consequences and cause infertility. Unlike adult women, the inflammatory process in girls is observed mainly in outdoor genitalia, which is due to a number of features inherent in childhood.

    Why girls are sick vulvovagitis

    Children's Gynecology: The most common diseasesAmong girls suffering from vulvovaginitis, the majority of 10 years. This is due to a decrease in the protective properties of the vagina at this age (subtle exhausting mucosa, alkaline reaction of the vaginal content and T. D.). As a result - low resistance to infections. Pre-encouraging factors for the emergence of vulvovaginitis are frequent respiratory diseases, angina, children's infections, urinary tract diseases, intestinal dysbiosis, irrational antibiotic therapy. In short, all that leads to a decrease in immunity.

    The development of vulvovaginite also leads mechanical, chemical, thermal factors, the ingress of foreign bodies in the vagina, as well as infection.

    Vulvovaginitis of noncommunicable nature exist for long. But on their background there «Settlement» The vagina microbes and the infectious vulvovaginite occurs.

    Of the infectious causes of vulvovaginitis, the conditionally pathogenic microflora is most often found,.E. Microorganisms that are normally present in the girl's vagina, but under certain conditions (for example, weakening immunity) are trained pathogenicity. These include staphylococcus, streptococcus, intestinal wand, enterococcus and others. Often there is a mixed infection - the reproduction of several types of bad microbes at the same time.

    In recent years, in the causes of vulvovaginitis, chlamydia, mycoplasma, ureaplasma, a virus of herpes became a significant role. There are also trichomonias, gonorrhea, candidiasis, but mostly in girls older age groups. Often the source of urogenital infections serve parents. Infection occurs during childbirth or contact - domestic pathway (when using common hygiene objects and T.D.). Huge importance in the emergence of vulvovaginitis has hygiene girls. Parents must explain the daughterhood of the importance of compliance with the purity of outdoor genital organs and teach the proper conduct of hygienic events.

    How to recognize vulvovaginit

    The main symptoms of vulvovaginite are the separation from sex tract, redness and itching in the field of external genital organs, burning and soreness when urination. Some vulvovaginites are the nature of the sluggish inflammatory process and are revealed by chance. These include chronic chlamydial, mycoplasma vulvovaginites. Chronicization of the disease can contribute to the fact that the infection is mainly occurring during childbirth, and this infection is diagnosed much later.

    Vulvivaginitis caused by the withdrawn - small worms parasitic in the lower division of intestines. The girl among the night wakes up with tears and complaints of pain and itching in the field of external genital organs, creaks at night with teeth and others. Basic treatment with a given vulvivaginate - Conducting antickel therapy, Vagina Sanation. Often there are vulvovaginites caused by foreign bodies. Children, playing, introduce various small items in the vagina (mosaic, pin, cap from fountain pen and t.D.). Then, after a while there are abundant flicker discharges with blood admissions, redness of the external genital organs.

    When the above complaints or issues related to the state of the genitals of the Girls are found, it is necessary to consult a doctor for clarification, preferably to the children's and adolescent gynecologist.

    Reveal and cure vulvivaginit

    Children's gynecologist examines the external genital organs of the girl, if necessary, produce vaginoscopy (inspection of the girl's vagina with a special apparatus - a vaginoskop), especially if the foreign body is suspected of a vagina. Then take analyzes - strokes, sowing on the pathogenic flora with the determination of sensitivity to antibiotics, tests for urogenital infections (chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, gonoron, trichomoniasis, gardnerellosis, etc.).

    After receiving the results of the survey, the doctor prescribes symptomatic treatment (seats, powders), treatment of the detected pathogen (antibiotic therapy, local use of vaginal sticks, candles, ointments), treatment of related diseases (sanitation of foci of infection) and generalifying therapy (multivitamins, immunomodulators, and T.D.). After carrying out the main treatment, the normal flora of the girl's vaginal is restored using various eubiotics (bifido-, lactobacilli and t.NS.).

    Untreated acute vulvovaginite can go into a chronic shape and have adverse effects. With a long flow, vulvovaginites can contribute to the formation of a synech (the battle of the right and left sexual lip between themselves), the formation of polyps, candidal, scar changes in the vagina. These complications at an older age can cause violations of sexual and childbearing function.

    Children's, adult cystitis

    In children, in a number of reasons, cystitis develops quite often, the frequency of the disease is practically not connected with any age, nor. The girls of adolescence cystitis is more often associated with the vaginal dysbacteriosis, the boys often cystitis develops with phimosis (narrowing of extreme flesh), but most often the disease develops episodically, against the background of accidental infection in the bladder. Fundamentally treatment of cystitis in children does not differ from the treatment of adults. Competent diagnosis necessarily includes a general analysis and sowing of urine, DNA analysis on basic infections that allow you to identify the pathogen and determine its properties. The inflammation of the bladder in children is very easy to go to the kidneys, so it is better not to tighten with treatment, and you need to take it very seriously.

    Thus, in conclusion, I would like to note that the health of the girl largely depends on it and on the degree of awareness of its parents. Healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition, moderate physical exertion, compliance with hygienic rules and timely, if necessary, appeal to the doctor - a children's gynecologist are the basis for the prevention of gynecological diseases.

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