The ankle joint is formed by the Tibial and Malobers Bones of Bones and the Stop Bone Taran. The articular surfaces of the bones are covered with hyaline cartilage and pretty tightly adjacent to each other. The charm of the joint is filled with the articular liquid, providing lubrication and power to cartilage. The joint is enclosed in a dense articular capsule and fixed with powerful ligaments. The volume of the skin movements provides for bending-extension and small deviations to the sides.
The ankle joint is one of the most powerful in the musculoskeletal. While walking on it, loads are traced, sevenfoldly exceeding body weight. No wonder that the joint is often damaged and it affects his health. Carefree attitude towards your feet, carrying shoes on a high platform, with an unstable heel, the use of poor-quality shoes, unsuitable for sports, lead to the overload of the joints, and the awkward movements become caused by injuries. It is injuries, accompanied by breaking and cracking the cartilage, most often launch the development of the deforming arthrome of the ankle joint.
An unfavorable factor influencing the health of ankle articulation is congenital abnormalities for the development of the foot, such as flatfoot, clubfoot and hollow stops, redistributing body weight and creating a pathological burden on the joint. The result becomes premature wear of cartilage and formation of arthrosis.
Undoubtedly, one of the leading etiological factors for the development of arthrosis of ankle articulation is obesity, overweight overloads the joint, literally crushes the articular cartilage, and, bypassing the initial stage of dystrophy, starts arthrosis since 1-2 degrees.
Sometimes osteoarthritis of an ankle joint becomes the result of the osteochondrosis of the spine. Intervertebral hernia that pinch the nerve roots in the lumbar vertebral pillar, which violates the innervation of the muscles of the lower limb, lead to a violation of the gait and, as a result, to the injuries of the ankle joint, circulatory impairment in this area, cartilage dystrophy and arthrosis 1-2 degrees.
Deforming osteoarthrosis in general and arthrosis of an ankle joint in particular is quite rapidly developing against the background of a disorder of metabolism concomitant diabetes, gout, diseases of the thyroid gland and other hormonal violations. And, of course, arthrosis of 1-2 degrees often arises as a continuation of an ankle joint infection and non-infectious arthritis.
Usually the first symptoms of unfavorable in the ankle become morning stiffness in the joint, decrease in the endurance of the joint and the emergence of pain in it after long walking. All these violations are transient: stiffness disappears 30-40 minutes after the start of movements, the pain passes after rest. More often the patient does not even pay attention not to the first signals of the body, written off the unpleasant feeling of fatigue, age or old injuries. However, 1-2 degree of arthrosis degree of ankle joint may be diagnosed already at this stage.
The clinic of arthrosis of the injured ankle is characterized by the lack of asymptomatic stage. The disease is immediately manifested by pain in the joint, which occur more and more often when loaded, and then become permanent.
The formation of osteophytes, the destruction of cartilage, the appearance of its fragments in the cavity of the joint is accompanied by a crunch characteristic of arthrosis. Mechanical irritation of the articular bag with fragments of something and the case leads to synovitis, joint venture and constant articular pain.
The growth of bone tissue deforming the joint leads to the restriction of movements in it and during the started articulation, the articulation completely loses its mobility.
The defeat of the ankle is already in the early stages violates the gate and crumbling, in the later stages, the patient usually has to use a cane.