The course is usually chronic pyelonephritisundulating. So, may experience periods of remission and periods of acute illness. As for the inflammation in the kidney tissue, it often persists for months and even years.
The cause of this disease is usuallyis an infection that penetrates into the genito-urinary tract. In particular, it relates to disease pathogens Escherichia coli, streptococci, staphylococci, enterococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, as well as microbial associations. Thus, chronic pyelonephritis often caused by common microbes that live in our intestines. These microorganisms acquire harmful properties under the influence of uncontrolled antibiotic treatment. Since these bacteria are usually very difficult to fight. The fact that they are very different and even able to adapt to the effects of drugs on them.
Germs can enter the bodydifferent ways. For example, the causative agent can penetrate into the body through the bloodstream of a carious tooth by inflamed tonsils or due furuncle inflammation. In women, the causative agent of the disease can enter the body through chronic foci of inflammation in the uterus. In men, the infection can penetrate through the prostate gland. In addition, the agent can enter the ureter of irritable bladder.
Contact agents to the kidneys, however, does not always lead to the development of inflammatory processes. After all, to have had the opportunity to breed microbes could grow pyelonephritisYou need to present a number of conditions. In particular, there must be a violation of the outflow of urine, lymph and blood from the kidney. Also for disease require the presence of any preceding kidney disease.
Some role in causing chronicpyelonephritis play L-form bacteria. These bacteria are capable for a sufficiently long stay time in the body. The kidneys are usually a fall in blood.
Often, in order to suppress the mixed floraBacteria are assigned multiple antimicrobials. At the same time care must be taken in order to cope with the infection medicine. So, if the tests do not improve after four days, and the temperature does not decrease after two days, it means that the medicine chosen is unable to cope with pathogens. In this case, you need another medication as soon as possible to pick up.
It is important that antibiotics are applied strictlyaccording to the instruction. For example, chemicals such as the sulfonamides are able to settle in the form of kidney stones. Therefore, to prevent the harmful effects of the medicine on the basis of mineral substances need to drink water or milk. Other drugs, such as tetracycline, can not curl milk. Such antibacterial agents like nitrofurans need to drink water to prevent heartburn, Nausea and vomiting.
In addition, patients should be light diet. In addition, you need to avoid hypothermia and colds. If the background of the disease there are still some infectious diseases, they also require early treatment.
Patients who are being treated at a hospital, MirSovetov recommends diet №7Which is characterized by increased fluid intake. Patients can eat vegetables, berries, fruits, and foods rich in vitamins and potassium.
If the treatment of chronic pyelonephritis heldin the home, the daily diet in patients with normal blood pressure comprises about 90-100 grams of protein, about 80-90 grams of fat and 450 grams of carbohydrate. The total calorie intake is about 3-3.2 thousand kilocalories. Daily amount of sodium chloride in this case is 8.10 grams and the daily rate of fluid 2 liters. The food is taken in small portions 4-5 times a day.
Permitted foods include stale bread,lean meat and fish, vegetarian soups. From vegetables can be potatoes, carrots, beets, squash, tomatoes and zucchini. It can be a variety of cereals. As for eggs, they can only prepare boiled. Because dairy products are allowed fresh cheese, cream, butter and sour cream. It is also possible sunflower oil. In a limited number can be garlic, onion, dill, horseradish and parsley. You can add to the menu varied berries and fruits. Drinks - jelly, fruit drinks, weak tea, as well as vegetable and fruit juices.
At the same time prohibited the different meats, fish and meat broths. In addition, it should strictly limit itself to the use of sweet spices, jams, honey, jam, jam.