Great Roman Emperor Julius Caesar; the firstthe Russian emperor, Peter I, who raised Russia to the world level; the famous mathematician who founded the Nobel Prize in all fields of science, except mathematics, Alfred Nobel; Russian writer who wrote the famous novels Crime and Punishment, Idiot, Demons, The Brothers Karamazov, Fedor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky; the French emperor who captured half of Europe, Bonaparte Napoleon; the great Dutch artist, whose paintings are exhibited in the Louvre to this day, Vincent van Gogh and many other brilliant personalities suffered from epilepsy. Epilepsy is sometimes called the “divine mark”, it is believed that people with epilepsy are marked from above. The nature of the appearance of this disease has not yet been established, there are several assumptions in medicine, but there is no exact data. Today, with the magazine, our site will consider what epilepsy is, how it is treated, and how to behave if a person suffering from this ailment is near you.
What is epilepsy? How is epilepsy
Epilepsy is a disease that manifests itself in sudden cramps, impaired consciousness, and sometimes personality changes.
Medicine has found that epilepsy -hereditary disease, it can be transmitted through the mother, but more often is transmitted through the male line, can not be transmitted, or occur in a generation. There is a probability of occurrence of epilepsy in children conceived by parents drunk or sick syphilis.
Epilepsy can be "purchased"disease as a result of a strong fright, head injury, illness of the mother during pregnancy, due to the formation of brain tumors, malformations of cerebral vessels, birth defects, nervous system infections, poisoning, neurosurgical operations.
Symptoms of epilepsy
A well-known symptom of epilepsy - largeseizure: the patient suddenly loses consciousness, falls, it breaks all convulsions, his mouth foams, after 2-5 minutes of a seizure ends, the patient falls into a deep sleep and woke up rarely, he remembers. Crafted four stages of the flow of epilepsy: precursors stage aura, seizures, and postictal state.
The step of precursors of the patient may feela few minutes, hours and days before the seizure, manifested in the form of headaches, fatigue, increased irritability, worsening of mood. In some cases precursors step may not be.
Stage aura precedes seizures, there is aabruptly, lasts fractions of a second. For a split second patient is conscious, feeling, experiencing some emotions, situations. The external manifestation of this stage: the patient feels cold, pain, numbness in certain parts of the body, palpitations, feeling an unpleasant smell, taste some food, saw a bright flicker.
After stage aura seizures occur. Often, something to convulsions patient cries and falls where caught seizure. Next, the patient's body cramp, his face distorted, turning blue, his mouth foams, sometimes the patient bites tongue and foam can go with blood. The pupils are enlarged, do not react to light. Disrupted breathing. During a seizure involuntarily allocated urine and feces. The attack lasts 2-5 minutes.
The post-seizure state occurs immediately after seizures, the patient falls into a deep sleep when he wakes up, does not remember anything, complains of general weakness, weakness, headache. Under postictal state of the patient's face becomes pale-bluish color, dilated pupils, breathing and pulse speeded up, elevated body temperature, the muscles are relaxed.
Epileptic seizures can be caused or triggered by a strong run, fast flickering lights, alcohol, infections, trauma, severe nerve experiences.
First aid in case of epilepsy
If you know that you are nearpatients with epilepsy, the epileptic fit at the time the patient first, do not be afraid, you have to pull yourself together, and secondly, do not touch or try to stir up the patient. Our site believes that everyone should know how to act in such a situation. It is necessary to put the patient on a hard surface and turn the head to one side so that he drowned his own saliva, and the language is not blocked windpipe, or turn your head to one side and press the patient spoon tongue stick wrapped in a clean handkerchief or tissue is again to be patient He suffocated. Then undo the buttons, loosen the tie, loosen clothing fasteners, remove the strap under the head must put something soft.
In case you have found the patient after the seizure,when he was unconscious, his mouth stands foam noisy rapid breathing, you need to turn the patient's head to one side and clean the mouth of mucus, foam, vomit, remove the dentures. Next to the patient again bit his tongue must be inserted between the molars spoon, a stick or a spatula, wrapped in a clean handkerchief.
Do not leave the patient in the cold, the sun, bring the building into the shadows. Be sure to call an ambulance!
Patients with epilepsy need to pass a comprehensivetreatment in a specialized clinic. Doctors prescribe drugs that weaken seizures prescribed course of treatment, which can reduce the frequency of seizures. Comprehensive treatment allows almost completely cure the disease. The patient should apply to those skilled in the field, they have to diagnose correctly and accurately based on a complete examination, as there are several types of epilepsy. When choosing the type considered drug attacks the possibility of side effects in the patient in view of its features, concomitant diseases, etc.
Epilepsy Treatment begins with its diagnosis. It is necessary to establish a form of epilepsy for further treatment. The basis of traditional treatment laid anticonvulsant therapy. During the anticonvulsant therapy administered prior art antikonvulsnye drugs: ethosuximide, phenytoin, primidone, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, valproic acid salt. Since science is not in place, then there are more and more new drugs, allowing to treat convulsive manifestations: tiagabine, gabapentin, felbamate, topiramate, oxcarbamazapine, lamotrigine, vigabatrin, zonisamide (2,3,9). In addition, ongoing research and invention of new drugs, one of the newer AEDs levetiracetam. The drug is being developed and will soon be available on the Russian market.
The doctor is looking anticonvulsantdrug and assigns dose for each individual patient depending on the form and frequency of epileptic seizures. The patient must exactly comply with the instructions of the attending physician, as in violation of the regime and reducing or increasing the dose of drugs the patient may have the strongest attack of epilepsy. Treatment of epilepsy drugs is carried out systematically over time.
During treatment drugs the patient may show adverse reactions to a particular drug, the patient should always consult a doctor and you must either change the dose or change the medication.
To consolidate the actions antikonvulsnyhdrugs used herbal method. The patient is prescribed concoctions of herbs, which also reduces the occurrence of seizures. Methods for the preparation and administration are also assigned to each individual patient depending on the form of epilepsy. Medicinal herbs can reduce the number of attacks include yarrow, peppermint, plantain, common viburnum, St. John's wort, lemon balm, nard, calamus.
epilepsy treatment is carried out not only drugs, there are other methods of treatment. One such treatment is the surgical method of treatment.
Modern high-sensitivity equipmentto determine the portion of the cerebral cortex, which causes the appearance of seizures. After determining the exact position of this brain area is carried out by its destruction process, that is, eliminate the occurrence and development of the center of attacks, resulting in attacks should not be developed.
After the destruction of the procedure is the treatmentantikonvulsnymi drugs for a long time. After such a comprehensive treatment of patients in 60% of cases, seizures do not appear.
There are several methods for the treatment of epilepsy in traditional medicine.
One of the folk remedies: a patient with epilepsy should have as much raw onion, and drink plenty of fresh onion juice. From bow seizures become softer and less repeated.
The magazine is our site on a scale of one article can notDescribe fully the treatment of epilepsy, but the main points you need to know everything, such as first aid and basic treatment approaches, we have tried to cover. The main thing that we will advise at last - in the case of epilepsy attack not lose my temper, and immediately proceed to the patient suffocated and died in front of you. And be sure to call an ambulance.