Today, to distinguish between several types ofcommon viral hepatitis: B, A, D, C, E. Our body is protected by immunity, which is programmed to identify and eliminate pathogenic cells. The more pronounced immune barrier, the greater the amount of cells it will be able to overcome in a short time. A, respectively, in the fight against liver disorders virus will emerge stronger. Thus, acute hepatitis occurs.
But if the immune response is an adequate stepthen the human body is able to destroy the pathogen itself, which leads to a full recovery. This is normal, when hepatitis E occurs, A, and in most cases, infection with B.
When the immune system can not destroyprimary occurrence of hepatitis B cells, the virus is "settled" in the liver and the disease becomes chronic. It is a hard stage, which is common in lesions hepatitis CAnd, in some cases, virus B.
On the possible methods of prevention, which will warn of contracting the infection, tell MirCovetov.
Prevention of viral hepatitis
Pathogens Hepatitis B is a kind of DNA-containing virus which infects the liver cells. This is a more serious disease which is transmitted by such means:
- with donor blood transfusion;
- from mother to child;
- sharing sanitary appliances (razors, toothbrushes, scissors);
- the use of non-sterile medical instruments.
adaptation incubation period can last up to 120days. And the first stage of the disease usually occur unobtrusively - nausea, pain in the right upper quadrant, heaviness in the stomach, loss of appetite, and aching joints.
The form of the acute symptoms of hepatitis B may behow anicteric and icteric, but often it becomes chronic. Signs of such complications is weakness, bleeding gums, frequent bruising and a slight enlargement of the liver.
To avoid getting the virus is necessary to:
- protect a condom during sexual intercourse;
- avoid the use of drugs and casual sexual relationships;
- do not use other people's manicure sets, tweezers, scissors or razor.
How to prevent infection with hepatitis C?
The most severe form of the disease - isHepatitis C. This type of pathogenic cell has a single-stranded linear RNA and can generate different subtypes, genotypes. The peculiarity of the disease - the hidden and long-term development, and then - a rapid transition to cirrhosis.
Ways of transmission - from mother to child throughblood, unprotected sex or non-sterile medical instruments. Symptoms of the disease are: lethargy, loss of appetite, pain in the right upper quadrant and fatigue.
Prevention of infection of hepatitis B cells to the same with the precautions for viral pathogen B.
Preventive action in hepatitis D
This virus is also called parasitic because itIt can not be uncoated pathogen hepatitis B. Since it replicates in the human body and often infection occurs as soon 2 types of pathogenic cells. Ways of transmission will be similar to a related pathogen:
- through unprotected sex;
- from the mother to the fetus;
- through the blood.
The chronic form of hepatitis D defeat in weakness, chills causeless, liver enlargement, appearance of spider veins on her back, face or shoulders.
Prevention of infection is one - Vaccination and avoiding contact with alien biological fluid into the body.
Precautions Hepatitis E
This type of infection is transmitted similar to hepatitis A, ie, oral-fecal route. The course of the disease begins with general weakness, disorders indigestion, Body fatigue, and sometimes can increase the temperature.
Complications of hepatitis E appears appearancehemorrhagic syndrome and acute renal failure. But particularly at risk of infection it is for pregnant women because it can lead to fetal death and bleeding at birth.
Prevention of the following diseases:
- sanitation and hygiene;
- thermal processing of food;
- cleaning and boiling of drinking water;
- thorough hand washing after using the toilet or street.