Inflammatory diseases of the female reproductive organsThey make up a huge percentage of gynecological pathology (65%). In many of the world countries, growth of inflammatory diseases is a consequence of migration, urbanization, changes in sexual behavior. This also applies to our country.
Inflammatory diseases are divided into acute and chronic, and the degree of extension at: vaginitis, endometritis, salpingitis and oophoritis.
Vaginitis - an inflammation of the vaginal mucosa.
Endometritis - inflammation in the uterus.
Salpingitis - inflammation of the fallopian tube.
Oophoritis - inflammation of the ovary.
The main reasons are the different types of infection. This is basically a group of genital infections, sexually transmitted infections - chlamydia, mycoplasma, uroplazmy, trichomonas, gonorrhea, herpes and other viruses.
Penetration of infections in the upper genital tract(Uterus, tubes) occurs via sperm trichomonads, passive transport is possible when microorganisms lowering protection function "mucus plug" in the cervix. It is also possible the penetration of bacteria through the blood and lymph.
Thus, for example, the possibility of stickingone sperm to 40 Neisseria gonorrhoeae - Chlamydia and the more, the more to the more sperm they are attached, while achieving the uterus, fallopian tubes and even peritoneum. It should also be noted that the infection of internal genital organs can promote intrauterine procedures, abortion.
In recent years, there have been numerousreport an inflammatory disease in women using IUDs. The risk of inflammation of the fallopian tubes have increased by 4 times, especially in nulliparous women.
Currently in inflammationwomen occur otherwise. There is a latent tendency to the disease, t. E. Just noticeable. Patients concerned: discomfort, mild abdominal pain, slight discharge from the genital tract. Then, these phenomena are even without treatment. After some time all repeats. The woman thinks she is not seriously ill to begin examination and treatment. But in fact, the infection does its job. It causes lesions of the uterus, fallopian tubes, decreased ovarian function. All this leads to a transition to a chronic form of inflammation, obstruction of the fallopian tubes, menstrual disorders, decreased libido, infertility, fibroids rise.
Identification of possible inflammatory diseasesOnly when viewed from a gynecologist and conducting literacy, in-depth survey, using modern methods to identify infections. Used methods such as PCR, immunofluorescence assay, detection of antibodies to the infectious agent in the blood, crops out of the vagina, cervix on flora and sensitivity to antibiotics.
Treatment of patients with inflammatory diseasesIt is carried out in several stages. At the beginning of treatment eradicated infectious agent. Treatment should be chosen strictly individually, taking into account the type of infection, immune status of the patient, presence of concomitant diseases.
The second stage of the treatment process - itrehabilitation, t. e. recovery. The infectious agent caused an inflammatory reaction of the affected organ, changing its functions. If you stop the treatment, after the elimination of infections, inflammation of the pass into a chronic form, and will continue, causing adhesions, chronic pelvic pain, discomfort during sexual intercourse and other unpleasant symptoms.
For this it is necessary to continueabsorbable anti-inflammatory therapy with physical therapy techniques (ultrasound, magnitofezonanstnaya therapy, electrophoresis of drugs), gynecological massage, apply antihomotoxic therapy until complete recovery.
Only such an approach to the treatment of inflammatory diseases will enable women to become chronically ill, will not deprive them of happiness to have children, to be loved and cherished.
Refer to the Integrated Clinic gynecologists and gynecologists Clinics at Paveletskaya.