For some, a diet - it is a temporary restriction in food and the way to lose a few kilos to any event, and for diabetics - it is a harsh necessity, a matter of life and death.
What is diabetes
Diabetes - a chronic endocrine disease,characterized by metabolic disorders (carbohydrate, protein, fat) due to lack of the hormone insulin, secreted by the pancreas. Insulin - a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels.
However, on the other hand, diabetes - not a disease butLifestyle. This is true, because a strict diet - an important component of life of diabetic supporting and ensuring his well-being. But the rest of the people with diabetes is the same as you and me. our site will tell you about this difficult diet and tell you how to organize your meals.
For information: depending on the causes of disease and the development of diabetes is of two types:
- first type - insulin, requires daily injections;
- The second type - non-insulin, requires reception of antidiabetic drugs in tablet form.
In any case, the diet is compulsory for all.
Diet is an integral part of treatment andmaintenance therapy for diabetes. The main goal of a diet for diabetics is to regulate blood sugar, because high sugar is the main cause of diabetes complications. Sugar enters the body in the form of carbohydrates, they need to be limited as much as possible. It is also necessary to control the amount of fat entering the body and take them within reasonable limits. Fatty foods and various types of vegetable and animal oils have a high calorie content, and diabetics need to monitor the daily calorie intake and not exceed it. The daily rate of caloric content of products for a person suffering from diabetes is selected by the doctor, and the patient’s duties include the strict implementation of these requirements.
Diet for diabetes
The basis of the diet for diabetics on the following principles:
- People should not be hungry, feeding fractionfive or six times a day, at the same calorie food intake should be distributed as follows: the first breakfast - 25%, lunch - 10%, dinner - 35%, mid-morning snack - 10%, dinner - 20%. Eating should be at one and the same time;
- it is not recommended to overeat;
- strict control of food products that may increase blood sugar.
All food is made up of carbohydrates, proteins, fats. In addition to the normal functioning of the body should not forget to provide it with the necessary vitamins and trace elements. Culinary processing of products of your choice.
Let's dwell on carbohydrates, a keyelement of the diet, a supplier of sugar to the body. Of course, carbohydrates are necessary to provide a person with energy, but a diabetic needs to organize their intake in equal portions throughout the day to avoid spikes in sugar levels. Depending on the rate of cleavage by the body, carbohydrates are divided into simple and complex. Simple ones are absorbed quickly, which means that the blood sugar level also rises quickly, complex carbohydrates break down for a long time, respectively, sugar arrives more slowly for a long time. Thus, when composing a diet for a diabetic, you need to choose slow carbohydrates.
One of the most dangerous simple carbohydrates due toquick digestion is ordinary sugar, which is widely used not only in its pure form, but also in various finished products. In this connection, diabetics are forbidden to use pure sugar and any sugar-containing products.
Sugar. In order to "sweeten" life usedits various sweeteners. Besides, now in stores a lot of special sweets for diabetics, prepared on the basis of sugar substitutes - it's candy, cookies, waffles. But despite the fact that the sugar in these products is not available, they also need to limit the intake, as sugar substitutes - it's still a carbohydrate intake which should be minimized.
Precautions should be taken to usefruits, because they contain large amounts of natural sugars - fructose. Due to its high content of fruit is required to reduce consumption in general, and particularly those that contain the maximum amount of sugar - vine, watermelon, fig, banana. It is advisable to eat apples, citrus. Dried fruit is also banned. Unfortunately, honey is excluded from the diet, although it is a natural product and a source of nutrients.
Cereals. To slow carbohydrates allowed in the diet,include black bread, bran cereal, oatmeal. Exclude need flour products made with white flour - bread, rolls, pasta, semolina. Champion useful substances - buckwheat, millet permitted except her and oatmeal.
Vegetables. Vegetables, due to the high content ofstarch, required to remove from the menu potatoes. If it is used, before cooking is cut and soaked in cold water for several hours. Permission is granted to include in your diet is almost all vegetables, especially useful are cabbage, carrots, fresh herbs (parsley, spinach, dill).
Small secret more fiber in the diet, the more slowly absorbed into the blood sugar.
Proteins - The basic building material for the cells, thoughand they contain small amounts of carbohydrates. Useful use of meat (beef, liver), fish, poultry (with the exception - a duck). Despite the useful properties, eggs included in the diet in moderation. Advantageously, consumption of dairy products - milk, cottage cheese, cheese, sour cream, fermented milk products. The main condition - they should not be greasy. A large number of proteins found in a plant food - mushrooms, beans, lentils, soybeans - they will be useful for diabetics.
FatsBy supplying human energy is also required for protein synthesis in the body. Preference is better to give a useful fats contained in fish and vegetable oils (olive, sunflower).
Beverages. Gently Treat drink beverages,definitely should avoid soft drinks, beer. Allowed to dry red wine, no more than 50 grams per day. Spirits is better to exclude, as they adversely affect the pancreas.