Allergies in children should be considered asincreased sensitivity to such environmental factors as chemicals, bacteria and their toxins, and of course the food that provides the vital functions of every living being.
Allergies to food everywhere todaywidespread and celebrated steady trend towards growth. As food allergens, many foods can be provided, but especially well known: meat, milk, fish, eggs, and citrus fruits, tomatoes, chocolate, strawberry. A few minutes after administration, they can cause sudden vomiting or diarrhea, but sometimes the symptoms of hypersensitivity may join a short time later.
The differential diagnosis should be made exogenous allergens following groups:
- biological - bacteria, viruses, fungi;
- medicines - pharmaceutical preparations;
- household - house dust, insects or particles, household chemicals;
- Some pollen of flowering plants;
- food allergens;
- industrial allergens.
After contact with the allergen is the development ofspecific or nonspecific reaction. Timely removal of allergy sources ensures the absence of disease manifestations and does not require a special diet for allergies in the child. Re-entry of the allergen and the impact on the body sensitized to it is already the emergence of diseases. Increased sensitivity in this case - specific and enhanced in response to contact with the previously familiar allergen. Non-specific reactions occur at the first meeting with the allergen sensitization without a period, for example, acute intolerance to food and medicine. It noted the development of immediate and delayed version of the reaction. Immediate type manifested in 15-20 minutes skin and respiratory symptoms. These include anaphylaxis, hay fever, hives, asthma, angioedema, serum sickness. delayed type reactions usually develop within a few days.
Today, medical practitioners and scientists with confidencesay that allergy is not formed in all cases, heredity plays a role, as well as the state of the nervous and endocrine systems. According to medical statistics, about 70% of children suffer from hereditary allergy, if the parents have diseases such as hay fever, anaphylactic shock, bronchial asthma. A predisposition to these diseases, one parent line increases the likelihood of allergy and 55% of cases, most often inherited not the disease, and the propensity for them.
Allergy Diagnosis is made by avarious trials and laboratory studies and is particularly careful and detailed due to the fact that a specialist allergist and endocrinologist to find out what is the reason for the emergence of such a state of the body, and what measures should be taken to avoid repetition of the reaction.
Treatment involves immediate cessationthe patient's exposure to the allergen and is aimed at reducing the sensitivity of the organism to a specific factor. This desensitization method, based on the formation of blocking antibodies in response to the gradual introduction of the allergen in increasing doses. The doctor tasks include not only treatment, but also the educational work of assistance and prevention.
Such techniques are catering andnormalization of the functioning of the digestive system. For toddlers, infants main protective agent is breastfeeding, and older children is a diet that can ensure a healthy fulfilling life. Recommendations allergist and dietitian suggest:
- dairy products;
- lean meat;
- all kinds of cabbage and zucchini;
- pumpkin and parsley;
- white and green apples;
- Refined vegetable oil;
- corn bread and biscuits.
There are a list of products to be excluded in the presence of allergic reactions: meats, spices, mushrooms, nuts, citrus, carbonated beverages.