Vaccination against diphtheria, polio DTP - one of thepreventive procedures, which make kids ranging from 3 months of age with mandatory revaccination 4,5 and 18 months. All subsequent manipulations are carried out or facilitated vaccine Td ADSm aged 6-11 and 16 years, and then every 10 years, until 66.
The experience of foreign and domestic public healthshows drop in morbidity after DPT vaccination. Vaccination against diphtheria, WHO recommends to increase to the level of 97-98% coverage of the population, in order to completely eliminate the disease epidemic bursts.
After the routine vaccinations against diphtheriapossible complications, such as a sore arm or enhanced cold. These and other complications are not heavy, do not cause permanent damage to health, taking into account not to be - they will not affect the production of immunity.
Vaccination coverage against diphtheria in the pastdecade after the outbreak at the turn of 20-21 centuries, according to the Russian Ministry of Health report on diphtheria and preventive measures to combat the disease increased by 3 times. Among the cases observed mainly unvaccinated adults at risk who have not received vaccination calendar after the age of 50 years for specific social reasons, it is not considered migration and the emergence of a certain class of homeless people join the army of the homeless. Experience and practice show that the vaccination against diphtheria, adults need. If the sore hand - this is not a reason to refuse the vaccination and revaccination further because DTP vaccine does not cause any harm to health, almost no contraindications and is a shield from direct contact with the infection.
Nursing care in diphtheria involves finding a patient in a hospital, in the isolation ward from the first minutes of suspected dangerous infectious disease, and includes:
- establishment of a regular and frequent airing of the room, which helps in the healing process;
- provision and organization of general care, personal hygiene, and oral cavity;
- patronage power that ensures gentle treatment for oropharyngeal mucosa;
- monitoring urine output as possible toxic damage to the kidneys.
These rules apply to the nursing process, which is important for the patient and bacillicarriers for three weeks can not be overestimated.
Features skilled nursingprocess in diphtheria are made up of some of the principles which, when clearly their performance in combination with the therapeutic process have a positive effect on the recovery of the patient:
identification of patient needs;
- documentation of all phases of care with mandatory medical report;
- preparation of the patient to the laboratory and instrumental investigations;
- perform the necessary manipulations;
- ensuring contagious safety requirements;
- the provision of first aid.
Questions of Epidemiology, timely diagnosisregularly submitted for consideration by the Scientific Council developed during special seminars in medical schools, secondary schools and medical profile at the board meeting of ministries and departments of health. Clinic and treatment with mandatory hospitalization become the main theme of a scientific paper. Diphtheria is an acute dangerous infectious disease surveillance system, the evaluation of the epidemiological situation and prevention of the disease - this is the goal of these seminars, aimed at the prevention and maintenance of preventive and anti-epidemic measures.
The report "and organization of vaccination Diphtheriawork, the implementation scheme of anti-epidemic measures in the hearth of infection taking into account the preventive vaccination "- one of the popular topics of scientific and practical conferences, as well as numerous workshops, which are held for physicians, epidemiologists, infectious disease specialists, internists and pediatricians, and nurses, health care institutions.