Influenza - an acute respiratory viral infection,caused by an influenza virus, characterized by periodical distribution in the form of epidemics. According to the WHO influenza annually takes the lives of 250-500 thousand people, including children. Predict the child can not be the disease, so better to protect it and protect from infection.
Prevention of influenza in children - an important event, which should be aware of responsible and caring parents, the observance of certain rules will protect the child from a dangerous pathogen.
The influenza virus is transmitted by airborne droplets. Microscopic droplets of saliva that spread by sneezing and coughing, are deposited on the surrounding objects, and together with dust into the mouth and the respiratory tract of the child.
The flu virus lives in the environment 2-8 hours. It is sensitive to heat, the action of antiseptics, is killed in a soap solution.
To protect the child from the flu should:
- often reminded of hand-washing with soap, to clarify that the public should not be touching the surrounding objects, to wean from the habit of pulling his fingers in his mouth and touching dirty hands to the face;
- three or four times a day to ventilate the child's room, a warm, dry air contributes to the spread of the virus;
- help strengthen the immune system enough sleep, a balanced diet;
- limit visits to public places during epidemics to protect the child's face mask;
- provide patient isolation at home, set aside personal set of dishes, to protect from contact with the child for 3-5 days.
The best means of preventing SARS infant is breastfeeding, mother's milk comes necessary to protect against infection agents.
Older children are recommended for immunity biostimulants, for example, on the basis of Chinese magnolia vine, Eleutherococcus, radiograms pink.
Be aware of natural disinfectants -phytoncides. Antiviral activity of essential oil of pine, eucalyptus, juniper, tea tree, a large amount of viritsidnyh substances contained in onions and garlic from the oil burner and aromamedalony can disinfect the air in the room.
Medications are suitable for the prevention of influenza in children attending day care centers and schools during an influenza epidemic in contact with sick people.
- Rimantadine administered to children 7-14 years of 25 mg per day for 30 days.
- Alguire - children 1-3 years at 10 mg per day, 4-6 years at 15 mg per day.
- Arbidol assigned to seven years in a dose of 1 tablet per day for a week, after 7 years - 2 tablets per day.
- Anaferon children - lozenges, 1 per day.
- Amiksin - children older than 7 years 0,06g 1 every 7 days for 4-6 weeks.
- Oxolinic ointment to lubricate nasal passages 1-2 times a day.
- Interferon 2 drops instilled into each nostril 2-3 times a day for 3-4 days.
- Grippferon - in each nostril 2 drops 2 times a day.
Attention! Do drugs are contraindicated. Consultation doctor.
Vaccination of children - the most reliable way to protectfrom the flu. In 60-90% of cases it is possible to protect the baby from infection, protect it against heavy currents and complications of influenza. To impart a child can be starting from six months old. Especially recommended vaccinations kiddies attending kindergarten and school, as well as a home for children whose parents are at increased risk of infection, are health care workers or in contact with a large number of people.
For the prevention of influenza in children usedinactivated vaccines, which do not contain live virus. The best vaccine against influenza for children considered to be split vaccines and subunit vaccines, including some of the killed pathogens do not cause complications and are safe even for infants.
After the introduction of the vaccine into the body of the childproduce antibodies against the influenza virus, and because of other SARS viruses have a similar structure, formed by the immune system has a layered structure and protects against all respiratory viruses simultaneously. Within 2 weeks after vaccination baby becomes immune to infection, and in the case of virus infection disease will occur easily.