This is probably one of the most easily recognizablechildhood diseases, when symptoms present, and on the face: lethargy, weakness, fever, cough, runny nose, and, of course, a red-pink rash that begins in the nasolabial triangle, and then descends lower and lower, covering the chest and back of baby his buttocks and thighs. Infected infectious measles virus very simply by laughing, talking, playing together. The incubation period lasts 21 days, smoothly flowing in the prodromal period, manifesting the above symptoms of rubella. Based on the main symptoms of acute measles in children, it can easily be distinguished from allergy, and to confirm the diagnosis of disease different serological tests are conducted and blood test for antibodies, which usually appear 2 weeks after inoculation. Been ill kids have immunoglobulins in high titers. Acute rubella in the blood are antibodies Ig M and Ig A, then their titles are falling, but the level of antibodies Ig G remains high for life, as a sign that the infection has been.
Prevention of the disease isImmediate isolation of the sick, but after 5 days after the rash child is no longer contagious and can not be afraid of rubella virus in children directly through this medium. Very often young parents concerned about the question: "Do I need a general vaccination against rubella?" Medicine responds unequivocally: "Yes!" This vaccination, which is carried out one of the first on the path of life of the child and its effectiveness is very high - 95%. The vaccine is made from an attenuated strain, and vaccination against rubella can be acute infectious in each child's district hospital. Vaccination is not difficult to do against rubella, children carry it easily, but the benefit and protection of the child in the enclosure of the risk of infection, it is difficult to overestimate.
Due to the policy of vaccination, which is heldunder the constant supervision of the World Health Organization, the disease is becoming more rare and is considerably lighter. Action Plan for the vaccination of children against the infection developed 12 months in 1997, became mandatory revaccination aged 6 years and immunization of girls in 13 years. After vaccination the child for 3-5 days can raise the temperature, there was a small rash, cough, runny nose, in a word, a full set of features of rubella in children, but the state is not serious and does not cause fears generally. Vaccination is shown not only children but also adults, especially women at risk. Response to acute rubella from expectant mother may manifest syndrome of multiple defects in the baby, the so-called triad Gregg, which is expressed in the defeat of the cardiovascular system, eyes and ears, especially if the infection occurs in the first 3 months of pregnancy. If the infection occurs in the later stages, the fetus may experience anemia and various diseases of internal organs. In addition, these children can be a source of infection for others to 18 months, and themselves at an older age have a disease of the nervous system. C should be used gamma globulin due to its timely introduction of disease can occur easily or even develop at all in order to prevent disease in children is not vaccinated, but caught in a team in contact with sick children.
Describing the reaction to rubella should benoting its particular danger for children under the age of 2 years, as well as for impaired children of different ages. However, the disease is not complicated and requires treatment at home. The child is shown a light a light diet, rest, treatment and care that will ensure his speedy recovery. Immunity to this infectious disease to develop resistance and lifetime, we can say that the second time do not get sick rubella, the reaction to it is usually weakened, but if unstable developed immunity may be individual rare cases of recurrence of the disease.