Asperger's - one of the five pervasive (general) developmental disorders, sometimes
considered a form of high-functional autism (ie,
autism in which the ability to operate relatively
Save). Simplistically we can say that the person with Asperger's syndrome
possess at least normal intelligence, but non-standard, or
underdeveloped social skills; often because of their
emotional / social development and integration occur later
normal. The term "Asperger's syndrome" was proposed by the British
psychiatrist Lorna Wing (Lorna Wing) in the publication of 1981 Syndrome
It was named after the Austrian pediatrician Hans psychiatrist and
Asperger (Hans Asperger), who himself used the term "autistic psychopathy". According to the initial description of the
Asperger's syndrome is characterized by difficulties in social integration
children in the group to communicate with their peers, which is characteristic of healthy children.
In this respect, these children resemble patients with Kanner's syndrome, but
differ from them is enough to save a great speech and development
intelligence, as well as more favorable prognosis of disease in general.
Manifestations of the syndrome
Like other forms of infantile autism, syndrome
Asperger begins in early childhood, but is diagnosed
often only when the patients in the school when the obvious
It becomes difficulty in relationships with other children. Further
the limitations of communication increases while achieving a full degree
detachment from reality, though often the relations with the outside world for such
children are mixed - some real world factors may be for
They are significant, others are less important, and the third general
unimportant (for normally developing child they are equal
Common interests with peers do not attract such children. Usually they
are replaced by special interests "abstruse", abstract nature.
The desire to address the issues of "life", "universe", and so on. N. Combined
these children with ridiculous gathering glands, pictures and other
items that do not represent any value. In spite of difficulties
Communication is the essence of autism, intelligence and speech of patients
remain relatively intact. At an average IQ higher
are indicators of verbal test Wechsler. These children have enough
development of logical thinking, even in thinking can be detected
tendency to rassuzhdatelstvu, symbolism and ambiguity conclusions.
This, for all its grammatical correctness is not normally directed to
interlocutor, and changed its melody and tempo. Knowledge is difficult
reproduce and extremely uneven. Active and passive focus
unstable. The motives for action are inadequate to the purposes and autistic
interests in this case prevail; it is to carry them out sick
most of the energy is directed. Motivation is a purposeful
activities are insufficient. Therefore, the behavior of the patients as a whole is determined
impulsive, contradictory passions and desires, lack of unity
and internal logic. Characterized by the appearance of such children: draws
attention detached expression usually handsome face ( "face
Prince ") with poor facial expression, gaze, turned past the interlocutor, and
sudden fixation eye on random subjects and the surrounding faces.
Often the facial expression becomes concentrated and self-absorbed (eyebrows
shifted, as if the sight is directed inward). expressive
little mimic movements, gestures depleted.
insufficient movement harmonious and awkward. There are also
stereotypies (eg rocking); occasionally stereotyped movements
can be very ductile (or even "superplastic").
Autism spectrum games are often defined by an irresistible attraction to him.
For patients with Asperger's syndrome is characterized by an attachment to the house,
combined with the lack of attachment to the family. Against the background described
mental characteristics may develop mood disorders,
erased intrusive awns, the emergence of hypochondriacal complaints phobias. this
kind of violations usually occur during periods of physiological crises,
traumatic sometimes influenced by external factors. The flow syndrome
Asperger's is hard to judge, as long as there is not a large enough
Clinical follow-up studies. It is known, however, that
Patients with this syndrome can be trained in a normal school (although they
are in the school community and are considered separately
eccentric), but often more appropriate for them is learning
special schools for children with behavioral deviations. Further
relatively ample development of formal intelligence functions
combined with disturbances of social adaptation and complete enough
Using the knowledge gained.
There is the observation that in patients
with Asperger syndrome often develop obsessive-compulsive and
bipolar affective disorders. Origin syndrome
Asperger's, as well as early infantile autism, remain unclear.
The greatest importance is attached to the genetic factors causing
innate disorders. This is evidenced by the accumulation of facts
cases of this syndrome in families of patients with this disorder, and sometimes
increased frequency of cases not only sekundarnyh Asperger syndrome, but
and infantile autism. But along with the concepts of genetic
conditionality of this syndrome, many psychiatrists admit that he
results from prenatal and perinatal lesions of CNS (central nervous system).