The manifestations of Asperger syndrome


  • Syndrome
  • Manifestations of the syndrome

  • Syndrome

    Asperger's - one of the five pervasive (general) developmental disorders, sometimes
    considered a form of high-functional autism (ie,
    autism in which the ability to operate relatively
    Save). Simplistically we can say that the person with Asperger's syndrome
    possess at least normal intelligence, but non-standard, or
    underdeveloped social skills; often because of their
    emotional / social development and integration occur later
    normal. The term "Asperger's syndrome" was proposed by the British
    psychiatrist Lorna Wing (Lorna Wing) in the publication of 1981 Syndrome
    It was named after the Austrian pediatrician Hans psychiatrist and
    Asperger (Hans Asperger), who himself used the term "autistic psychopathy". According to the initial description of the
    Asperger's syndrome is characterized by difficulties in social integration
    children in the group to communicate with their peers, which is characteristic of healthy children.
    In this respect, these children resemble patients with Kanner's syndrome, but
    differ from them is enough to save a great speech and development
    intelligence, as well as more favorable prognosis of disease in general.

    Manifestations of the syndrome

    Like other forms of infantile autism, syndrome
    Asperger begins in early childhood, but is diagnosed
    often only when the patients in the school when the obvious
    It becomes difficulty in relationships with other children. Further
    the limitations of communication increases while achieving a full degree
    detachment from reality, though often the relations with the outside world for such
    children are mixed - some real world factors may be for
    They are significant, others are less important, and the third general
    unimportant (for normally developing child they are equal

    The manifestations of Asperger syndromeCommon interests with peers do not attract such children. Usually they
    are replaced by special interests "abstruse", abstract nature.
    The desire to address the issues of "life", "universe", and so on. N. Combined
    these children with ridiculous gathering glands, pictures and other
    items that do not represent any value. In spite of difficulties
    Communication is the essence of autism, intelligence and speech of patients
    remain relatively intact. At an average IQ higher
    are indicators of verbal test Wechsler. These children have enough
    development of logical thinking, even in thinking can be detected
    tendency to rassuzhdatelstvu, symbolism and ambiguity conclusions.
    This, for all its grammatical correctness is not normally directed to
    interlocutor, and changed its melody and tempo. Knowledge is difficult
    reproduce and extremely uneven. Active and passive focus
    unstable. The motives for action are inadequate to the purposes and autistic
    interests in this case prevail; it is to carry them out sick
    most of the energy is directed. Motivation is a purposeful
    activities are insufficient. Therefore, the behavior of the patients as a whole is determined
    impulsive, contradictory passions and desires, lack of unity
    and internal logic. Characterized by the appearance of such children: draws
    attention detached expression usually handsome face ( "face
    Prince ") with poor facial expression, gaze, turned past the interlocutor, and
    sudden fixation eye on random subjects and the surrounding faces.
    Often the facial expression becomes concentrated and self-absorbed (eyebrows
    shifted, as if the sight is directed inward). expressive
    little mimic movements, gestures depleted.

    Motility angular,
    insufficient movement harmonious and awkward. There are also
    stereotypies (eg rocking); occasionally stereotyped movements
    can be very ductile (or even "superplastic").
    Autism spectrum games are often defined by an irresistible attraction to him.
    For patients with Asperger's syndrome is characterized by an attachment to the house,
    combined with the lack of attachment to the family. Against the background described
    mental characteristics may develop mood disorders,
    erased intrusive awns, the emergence of hypochondriacal complaints phobias. this
    kind of violations usually occur during periods of physiological crises,
    traumatic sometimes influenced by external factors. The flow syndrome
    Asperger's is hard to judge, as long as there is not a large enough
    Clinical follow-up studies. It is known, however, that
    Patients with this syndrome can be trained in a normal school (although they
    are in the school community and are considered separately
    eccentric), but often more appropriate for them is learning
    special schools for children with behavioral deviations. Further
    relatively ample development of formal intelligence functions
    combined with disturbances of social adaptation and complete enough
    Using the knowledge gained.

    There is the observation that in patients
    with Asperger syndrome often develop obsessive-compulsive and
    bipolar affective disorders. Origin syndrome
    Asperger's, as well as early infantile autism, remain unclear.
    The greatest importance is attached to the genetic factors causing
    innate disorders. This is evidenced by the accumulation of facts
    cases of this syndrome in families of patients with this disorder, and sometimes
    increased frequency of cases not only sekundarnyh Asperger syndrome, but
    and infantile autism. But along with the concepts of genetic
    conditionality of this syndrome, many psychiatrists admit that he
    results from prenatal and perinatal lesions of CNS (central nervous system).

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