Adult respiratory distress syndrome (synonymshock lung) - lung damage that occurs as a result of disorders of blood circulation in the vessels of the lungs and consequent damage to the lung tissue itself and its inflammation. It develops in patients who have undergone severe trauma with loss of large amounts of blood, with severe infections, electric shock, convulsions, poisoning, etc. Often it occurs after a temporary improvement during the treatment.
For respiratory distress syndrome adultscharacterized by the gradual development of changes in the lung with typical symptoms suggestive of respiratory failure (lack of oxygen in body tissues due to respiratory failure). Here are the main stages of the disease:
- In stage I, there are shortness of breath, pulse quickens, man becomes restless. Often he becomes cyanotic fingertips, nose, ears. It appears cough containing streaks of blood.
- In stage II, which develops 2-3day state of a person deteriorates, it may be a violation of the psyche resembling delirium tremens. The patient appeared hallucinations, often terrible, he shouts, behaves inappropriately.
- For stage III is characterized by continued deterioration of the patient's condition. Breathing becomes shallow, blood pressure falls.
- In stage IV patients with the condition becomes extremely severe. It fails not only pure oxygen, but also by means of artificial respiration apparatus.
- V stage - terminal. Despite treatment, the patient can no longer be saved.
Treatment is rather complicated. A person should be immediately taken to hospital, where he underwent the necessary tests and start treatment and, if necessary, provide oxygen and transferred to artificial respiration. The treatment is usually performed in the intensive care unit.
It is important how you can eliminate the cause of faster,cause disease, and then try to provide the fullest tissues with oxygen. In stages I and II sufficient means improving the transport of oxygen in blood, and in more advanced stages - inhalation of humidified oxygen and artificial respiration. The effect of treatment depends on the timely. Mortality Syndrome in stage IV reaches 80%, and stage V in all patients generally die.