If you have Sjogren's syndrome

Content

  • Sjogren's syndrome, symptoms
  • Causes Sjögren's syndrome factors
  • How is the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome
  • How is the treatment of Sjögren's syndrome

  • Dry mouth and eyes - very common problem, it periodically
    It bothers most people. More often than not is dry
    danger and runs independently. But sometimes, especially during prolonged
    maintaining or increasing severity of dryness symptoms can be
    quite heavy disease - Sjogren's syndrome that requires treatment at the rheumatologist.

    Sjogren's Syndrome is also known as "dry
    syndrome ", which is very clearly defines its essence - insufficient
    education glands secretion. But it is not hormonal, and those that produce
    body fluid on the surface or in the cavity - salivary, lacrimal,
    sweat, vaginal, and others.



    Sjogren's syndrome, symptoms

    Sjogren's syndrome (sicca syndrome) - an autoimmune disease,
    in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the glands that make up
    liquid. The result is a lack of saliva, tears, and other
    secrets. However, dry Sjogren's syndrome can not be confined to the glands, but also affect other organs, which develops an inflammatory reaction.

    The severity of symptoms can vary. Sjogren's Syndrome often affects women (9 cases out of 10), the average age of onset of the disease - 50 years.

    It is important to know that Sjogren's syndrome can be an independent disease, but can occur in other diseases. In the first case the use of the term "Sjogren's disease" or "primary Sjögren's syndrome. '
    In the second case, when Sjogren syndrome arises against rheumatoid
    arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and other diseases, speak of "secondary Sjögren's syndrome."


    The most common symptoms of Sjogren's syndrome are associated with deficiencies fluid secretion glands in the body:

    • If you have Sjogren's syndromeDry eyes. The most common disturbs
      foreign body sensation in eyes (sand), a burning sensation, itching,
      increased sensitivity to light (photophobia); can be seen
      redness of the eyes.
    • Dry mouth, nose and throat. feeling
      dryness can cause problems in swallowing and speaking. Very difficult
      eat solid food, and dry (cookies, crackers, etc.) - almost
      impossible. It may disturb a change in taste, education
      mouth ulcers. A very common problem in long-term existence of dryness - caries. Sometimes there epistaxis, ear infections.
    • Vaginal dryness. As a result, sexual intercourse becomes painful.
    • Dry skin.
    • The increase of the parotid glands.

    In addition, often marked by fever, general
    a feeling of malaise, pain and stiffness of the joints, muscle pain,
    hair loss.

    Sjogren's syndrome - a chronic disease. Symptoms may intensify, disappear for a while, or stay at the same level.



    Causes Sjögren's syndrome factors

    The cause of Sjogren's syndrome is unknown. In its development
    take part genetic, immunological, hormonal and
    external factors. In some patients, the disease triggering factor
    are viral infections.

    In secondary Sjögren's syndrome dryness develops due
    other diseases - rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus,
    systemic scleroderma, polymyositis, and others.

    Risk of Sjogren's syndrome is increased in the presence of at
    family of autoimmune diseases, as well as in the presence
    autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus
    lupus, systemic sclerosis, polymyositis, and others.) in humans.



    How is the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome

    For the diagnosis of Sjogren's syndrome it is very important the correct questioning the doctor, as well as saliva educational research, tears and other fluids.

    No specific diagnostic test does not exist.

    When blood tests evaluate the presence of inflammation, and it is determined whether the primary Sjögren's syndrome
    or secondary. The most characteristic changes: increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (rate
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor
    (Russian Federation).

    It is often necessary to study specific antibodies are elevated in Sjögren's syndrome - anti-Ro (anti-Ro) and anti-La (anti-A) antibody.

    You may need a biopsy of the oral mucosa, which can detect inflammation of the small salivary glands.



    How is the treatment of Sjögren's syndrome

    Treatment of Sjogren's syndrome can facilitate health and helps prevent damage to internal organs.

    It is important to monitor the condition of the teeth - brush them daily with
    using toothpaste with fluoride, regular dental visits.
    It is recommended to use chewing gum, not containing sugar. at
    the need to use saliva deputies.

    The use of dark glasses to protect your eyes from dust, wind and
    strong light. It is important to regularly visit an ophthalmologist. For
    reduce dryness in the eyes of the need to use artificial
    tears, and lay special ointment at night.

    When severe pain and stiffness in the joints, you can briefly take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

    Avoid antihistamines and reception dekongestanotov
    (Drugs that are prescribed for rhinitis), as they are
    worsen the dryness.

    The appointment of glucocorticoid drugs the doctor decides. AT
    most cases they clean well and prevent disease symptoms
    development of its heavy consequences. However, the side effects
    glyukokortikoidoy very serious question of their appointment, and the dose
    duration of therapy is decided by the doctor individually.

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