Rheumatoid arthritis

Content

  • The causes of rheumatoid arthritis
  • What's happening
  • How to recognize
  • How dangerous?
  • The diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis
  • Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis



  • The causes of rheumatoid arthritis

    Intrigue of rheumatoid arthritis is
    that from it is difficult to insure. Doctors have not been able
    until the end to find out why one is not beautiful day in humans
    begin inflamed joints. It is known only that the impetus
    to the beginning of the disease fails in the immune system. Factors-provokers
    may be hypothermia, stress, joint injuries and infections. So
    familiar to all of us ARI, tonsillitis and flu is fraught with complications in the form of
    rheumatoid arthritis.



    What's happening

    develop the disease
    gradually and imperceptibly. A person can feel great,
    lead normal life, and in the meantime his body has
    appeared substances aggressively tuned to their own tissues
    (Rheumatoid factor). As soon as these substances accumulate enough
    many, they begin their destructive activity - attack the joints
    and cause an inflammatory reaction. Affected joints gradually
    deformed and can not work normally.



    How to recognize

    Rheumatoid arthritis
    suspected
    Rheumatoid arthritis is not difficult. Its main feature - the joints are affected
    symmetrically ill left, then he must be ill and right. First
    turn from arthritis affects the joints of the hands. If you wake up
    in the morning, you're in for an hour feeling stiffness in the fingers and wrists,
    while his hands swell and joints hurt - an urgent need to address
    professional help. Pull with the treatment no longer, disease
    It will not disappear and will only improve. The changes will affect the foot,
    and then reach to the more large joints, the knee and elbow;
    may suffer even cervical spine.

    The disease is characterized by a mild fever, insomnia and lack of appetite.



    How dangerous?

    In
    patients with rheumatoid arthritis sharply decreases the mobility of joints.
    Patients lose the ability to perform usual activities, their torment
    pain and awareness of his own frailty. If the disease in time
    stop, in five years a person may be in a wheelchair
    chair. And that is not all. Damaging the joints, rheumatoid factor is very
    soon it will be taken and the internal organs. Complications of the disease can
    become a rheumatic heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, blood vessels
    and intestines.



    The diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis

    In no case can not be expected that all by itselfpass. At the first sign of illness immediately to make an appointment to see a doctor, a rheumatologist. Only he can distinguish rheumatoid arthritis from similar diseases and make the correct diagnosis.

    After hearing
    all your complaints and examining joints, doctor must prescribe
    biochemical and immunological blood tests. as well as a very important
    analysis, which will help to identify the presence of rheumatoid factor in the blood.

    To determine the extent of joint damage, theirenlighten X-rays, make arthroscopy or magnetic resonance imaging of the joints. And if need be, to make a puncture and will take the study articular fluid.

    at
    the defeat of the internal organs may need urgent advice
    other specialists: cardiologists, gastroenterologists, pulmonologists
    etc.



    Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

    Unfortunately, magic tablets
    relieving patients of rheumatoid arthritis quickly and permanently,
    scientists have not yet invented. However, to treat the disease is possible and necessary.

    Modern
    funds from rheumatoid arthritis only slows down development
    disease, relieve the unpleasant symptoms and prevent the emergence of
    complications. They are of two types: anti-inflammatory
    and antirheumatic. The first (ibuprofen, diclofenac) is removed
    inflammation and reduce pain. The second (gold salts) - are struggling with the
    disease in acute. It must be borne in mind that all these
    preparations have to drink a very long time, perhaps even - all
    rest of his life. In addition, they often cause side reactions,
    so take them desirable only under medical supervision.

    A good therapeutic effect is given physiotherapy for arthritis,
    except that heat affected joint. Special
    It helps low-frequency low-frequency magnetic therapy and laser therapy.
    Also, patients are shown massage therapy and physiotherapy.

    If
    medicines the patient is not getting better, it is assigned a surgical
    surgery to remove the diseased tissue in the joint, it slows
    progression of the disease. Today, most of these operations is performed arthroscopically.

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