What is tartar


  • Plaque and its causes
  • Diagnosis of tartar

    Plaque and its causes

    Plaque - lime deposits on the teeth. Despite
    that seemingly lime is white, tartar
    dark enough. And all because in its structure, in addition to calcium,
    includes food debris, dead cells, bacteria, phosphorus and iron salts

    Plaque may occur if the person:

    • do not brush your teeth, forget to clean them regularly (morning and evening), or cleans them wrong;
    • uses substandard toothpaste and brushes;
    • used to eating only soft foods;
    • chew only on one side of the jaw (right or left);
    • It suffers from metabolic disorders, especially salt.
    • Also
      cause tartar deposits can be smooth enough
      surface (rough) of the teeth and their position is wrong.

      Plaque (tooth
      plaque) starts to be formed after 1-2 hours after brushing.
      Already in the first phase of development of plaque, but rather through 12 hours
      microorganisms begin their "work", forming a cause of halitosis. They form a solid frame
      from carbohydrates, tightly attached to the tooth surface. formed
      relatively persistent dental plaque. Under the action of bacteria (cocci
      and lactobacilli) begins to form acid,
      contributing to the development of dental caries. The bacteria multiply and the tooth
      plaque grows and falls lower and lower in the gingival sulcus.

      What is tartar
      all sealing dental plaque becomes yellowish color. As
      consolidation and promotion of dental plaque deeper into the gingival sulcus
      oxygen access to the interior of the substance ceases, which leads
      forms a greater development of anaerobic bacteria. Dental plaque moves
      the second and third phase of its development. At this stage, often already
      there is inflammation of the gums.

      Plaque forms at all
      teeth, but most of its more stable form he gets near
      the major salivary glands (lingual surface of the lower core group
      teeth). Saliva, which is due to contained therein mineral
      The substance is usually a beneficial effect on the tooth, in this
      if not reaching the tooth affects plaque. As a result, deposits
      minerals saliva plaque gradually darkens and thickens, turning into tartar, against which the toothbrush is powerless.

      just a stone appears next to the gum from the tooth neck and the notorious
      "Remote areas", which is difficult to reach with a toothbrush.

      stone is located between the edge of the tooth and gum surfaces. Constantly
      delayed new plaque. Inhabited lots of microorganisms tooth
      plaque provokes inflammation of the adjacent gingival
      sites. Develops gingivitis, inflammation of the gums start to bleed when touched lightly.

      because of
      increasing the production of saliva occur further dental deposits
      stone. Thus, the stone begins to grow and deepen further
      under the gum. In places where the surface of the root is covered with hardened
      deposits abutment apparatus fiber die. The bone of the jaw,
      become dysfunctional in these areas is subject to destruction,
      forming pathological periodontal pockets. develops damage
      all of the tissues surrounding the teeth - periodontitis. Over time, periodontal disease progresses and becomes more serious forms.

      few people think, what harm can bring dental plaque
      present in them with billions of pathogenic bacteria. Although
      not a secret that frequent upper respiratory tract infection
      gastrointestinal tract, various diseases of the blood directly
      associated with prolonged inflammatory processes in the oral cavity
      (Gingivitis, periodontitis).

      Diagnosis of tartar

      above the gingiva seen with the naked eye. A rock,
      formed in the gums, can only see a dentist at
      with special dental instruments.

      no doubt that you have problems with your teeth,
      conduct a little experiment. Take a cotton ball, soak it
      iodine solution and wipe them all teeth (closer to the gingiva). Available
      with plaque tartar manifest after this procedure
      as in the picture on the photographic paper.

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