The concept of intestinal colic in children
Intestinal colic is perhaps one of the most frequentcomplaints infant parents. It is registered in 10-15%, and according to some sources, in 30-70% of infants, mainly in children, ranging from 3 weeks of life.
Under intestinal colic episodes understandcramping acute abdominal pain, accompanied by the shrill cry of the child and to the far-sucheniem belly legs. Moreover, intestinal colic can be observed both in healthy children (the so-called functional intestinal colic), and children diseases, mainly of gastrointestinal tract (intestinal colic here - the main symptom of the disease).
The term "colic" comes from the Greek«Colicos», which means "pain in the colon." Pain occurs in the intestines of the baby due to increased gas and stretching of the intestinal wall formed by gas bubbles.
Usually, functional intestinal colic does not causeserious child health problem, but it nevertheless has an impact on his mental development and material breach of the psychological climate in the family, creating tensions parents because of abdominal pain and anxiety baby. In those cases, when intestinal colic constant, repeated day after day, and the long-term, for several hours a day, it may be complicated by secondary disorders of gut microbiota and enzymatic disorders.
Risk factors for the development of intestinal colic in children
There are two groups of factors that cause intestinalcolic in infants. The first is typical for healthy children whose sighting even more tests did not reveal any pathology. It usually develops in 3-4 weeks of life, unexpected, in the afternoon, usually after 15 hours and the first short-lived (lasting 15-20 minutes). It normally occurs in the first-born, is more common in boys. These children are usually born to mothers with high levels of anxiety.
The first group of factors include feedingbaby properly prepared mixtures (excessive dilution or, conversely, a small dilution of mixtures). Too fast sucking, swallowing of air while sucking (aerophagia), can also be the cause of colic. One possible cause of colic can be the baby bowel reaction to food, used his mother and have increased flatulence, which penetrate into breast milk. In addition, it is assumed that intestinal colic in otherwise healthy children may be due to lack of production or features of the metabolism of progesterone in the mother's body, which is also reflected in the composition of breast milk.
The second group of factors that cause intestinalcramps - a child diseases, especially gastrointestinal disease. In this case, intestinal colic serves as the main symptom of the underlying disease. Most often it is food intolerance, formed on the basis of lactase deficiency, allergy to cow's milk proteins or other components of the power and enterocolitis caused by opportunistic pathogens (normally present in the gastrointestinal tract and causes disease only in reducing the activity of the immune system), and intestinal infection.