From the history of the emergence of drug
Scientists have long been engaged in the decision of the question - how to create an effective means for the prevention of influenza different states, which could "win the battle" against viral agents. Flu very tricky. Viruses that cause it, are highly resistant to external factors. In a highly contagious disease, which is the ability to spread extremely fast talking, blowing the nose, coughingsneezing already infected and carrying virusesperson. The material damage caused by outbreaks of influenza infection in the different countries of the world amounts to billions (these are the costs of “disability sheets”, vaccination, symptomatic treatment and the consequences of complications). Therefore, doctors are constantly looking for ways out of the annual problem associated with influenza epidemics. And the story of the creation of Tamiflu began back in America. In 1987, a young doctor M. Riordan created the pharmaceutical company Gilead Sciences. She spent a long time developing tools that can fight AIDS. And in 1996, oseltamivir was created. Scientists have suggested that it will be used to fight HIV (short for “human immunodeficiency virus”). Alas, studies have shown that oseltamivir is not sufficiently active against the AIDS virus. But it was found that this substance showed high efficiency in the fight against influenza viruses. Soon, the drug received approval for use in the population from the World Health Organization. Now a drug called Tamiflu is produced in Switzerland by the pharmaceutical company F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. " In 1999, she bought a license from the Americans for the production of the oseltamivir they created. The drug Tamiflu brought this company huge profits in the future. For example, in 2005, when everyone in the world was talking about the rapidly spreading bird flu epidemic, the British government hastily bought 14.5 million doses of Tamiflu from the Swiss. And “F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd ”then received over 300 million dollars in cash.
General information about the preparation
The main indications for the use of Tamiflu -preventive measures or treatments have emerged influenza infection, which occurred due to the introduction into the human body cell virus type A or B. The drug is given by physicians and "parainfluenza".
Studies show that when taking Tamiflu92% manage to prevent influenza infection. We have cases in 40% of cases, accelerated healing, soften (or even stoped) symptoms, there are no complications related to the infection.
Prevention of drug Tamiflu is recommended to spend in institutions, enterprises, military units.
But when SARS Tamiflu is not effective enough. This is due to the fact that SARS may be caused by 140 species. Many of them have in their composition neuraminidase. A Tamiflu as mymedinform.com previously reported, it acts on this enzyme.
Instructions for use for Tamiflu
Capsules for the treatment of mainly appointedadults or children, whose age is more than 12 years. Dosage: One capsule twice daily. To avoid possible adverse effects on the gastrointestinal tract, try to take the drug during meals or drink it with milk. The treatment lasts 5 days. Treatment should be initiated no later than 40 hours after the first signs of the flu. With a view to the prevention of influenza states, if there was contact with the flu, you must within 10 days of taking one capsule. Tamiflu for seasonal prophylaxis take six weeks at a dose of 1 capsule per day.
If you have purchased Tamiflu in powder form, theyou must first make him a suspension. In the package you will find a special measuring cup and syringe with labels for dispensing. Measure using a measuring cup 52 ml of cooled boiled water, pour it into the vial of powder. Ukuporte bottle and shake it for 15 seconds, then the powder quickly dissolves. Keep this suspension should be on access door of the refrigerator no more than 10 days. Adults and children over twelve years of age should take 75 mg per one dose of the drug. A dosage for children from one year and up to 12 years depending on the age and weight, it is given in the instruction table. Jar of suspension must be shaken before each dose measuring syringe.
About side effects and contraindications
Unfortunately, the use of Tamiflu can let them know about yourself the following adverse events:
- Nausea, urge to vomiting, epigastric pain, diarrhea. These effects are alone, do not require drug withdrawal.
- The children, aged less than 12 years may bepsychopathic reactions. They were identified by Japanese scientists in deep study. Therefore, a number of physicians still do not recommend giving Tamiflu to children under 12 years.
- Headache, arrhythmia.
- Dermatitis and other allergy.
This tool is contraindicated in:
- intolerance to at least one of the ingredients listed in the composition of the drug;
- pronounced functional disorders of the liver and kidneys.
Pregnant or lactating women baby Tamiflu appointed doctors in extremely rare cases. Usually doctors prefer Aflubin, Oscillococcinum, Anaferon, Arbidol, Kagocel.
Before you buy Tamiflu sure to readinstructions supplied with the drug, consult your doctor. Perhaps the doctor will advise to refrain from taking Tamiflu expensive and offer treatment with other anti-viral agents. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the patient, his age and diagnosis.