Contraceptive spiral as a method of contraception

An increasing number of women are resorted to the modern method of contraception - the introduction of intrauterine spirals. Unlike temporal contraceptives, the spiral has a longer effect and protects against unwanted pregnancy for 5-10 years.

Navy or contraceptive spiral is designed for pregnancy protection. Principle «Work» The devices lies in the fact that the Navy does not allow the mature egg to promote. Spirals are divided into two types - copper and with a certain amount of hormone. Depending on the type of spiral and firms, the cost may vary from 5 to 15 thousand rubles. The leading position around the world confidently occupies a new generation Navy «Mirena». The main active substance of Spiral - Hormone Levonorgestrel. Every day, the daily dose of hormone is released in the uterus cavity, it prevents pregnancy on. Also, the introduction of Navy gynecologists is often recommended for the treatment of gynecological diseases. The validity period of the Navy is 5 years.

A bit of history

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Intrauterine contraceptive spirals were invented not so long ago, only 70-80 years ago. The first NCS looked in the form of a small ring, a rod or plate of precious metal (preferably silver and even gold). Subsequently, already in the 70s of the last century, women were able to experience everything «Prelas» new products - flexible plastic spirals that were possible and prevented the onset of pregnancy, but such side effects as abundant bleeding, pain and feeling of the foreign body could not prove its need.

Over the years, the size of the Navy began to decrease, and the basis of the plates of steel «Wort away» copper wire. This technique gained popularity and now many women install such spirals.

How valid

Since there are only two types of Navy in the world, then the MPsovtsov offers readers to get acquainted with the action of each spiral.

Types of Navy:

  1. Copper or spirals from a certain metal alloy suppress the activity of spermatozoa. A liquid is produced in the uterus, which is destructive for spermatozoa, it prevents the egg fertilizer to fertilize. This spiral is thinning the walls of the endometrium. The validity period of the Navy is about 10 years.
  2. Navy with artificial hormone is reliable By contraception. A daily spiral highlights a daily dose of the hormone, which contributes to the release of more viscous mucus from the uterus and prevents the full attachment of even the fertilized egg. Such systems are used in therapeutic purposes for the treatment of gynecological diseases. Duration of the spiral with a hormone - 5 years.

What looks like and what are the advantages

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The intrauterine helix must enter and remove only a qualified specialist. If you have decided to install a spiral, you first need to visit the gynecologist who will conduct a full inspection. You may need to pass tests to eliminate inflammatory processes.

2-3 days before the specified date of administration, it is necessary to refrain from sexual life. Also can not be conducted Drying, Use Candles and Tablets (Exception - Appointment of a doctor). The most appropriate time to introduce the Navy - 1-7 day of menstruation, when the cervix is ​​softer, and therefore, the spiral will enter it much easier.

Intrauterine spiral ambulatory in a sterile office is introduced. Installation time - from 3 to 5 minutes. The doctor first processes the neck with an antiseptic. During the introduction of the Navy, a woman can feel short-term stomach pain in the abdomen. This is explained by the fact that the doctor is a surgical instrument pulls up a cervix to straighten it. Such manipulations allow you to install a spiral in the right position.

Immediately after the introduction of the spiral woman can feel dizziness, rarely - acute pain. If these symptoms do not pass 20-30 minutes after the supply of Navy, then the doctor repeats the woman. The likelihood of incorrect introduction of the helix is ​​not excluded. In this case, it is retrieved and installed a new system.

During the day, and sometimes more, a woman can feel new Pains at the bottom of the belly. Monthly can last for 1-2 days.

After the introduction of the spiral can not be engaged in sex life during the week and insert tampons. Also impossible to take medications with acetylsalicylic acid.

After the introduction of the Navy for a month undesirable to visit the sauna and sunbathe in the sun. It is also worth limiting exercise.

A month later (if the doctor does not appoint a date before) after the spiral setting should be visited by a doctor and make an ultrasound to see the location of the Navy in the uterine cavity. If the spiral is correct, and the woman does not feel discomfort, then it is necessary to conduct a preventive inspection twice a year.

It is necessary to know

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  1. Hormone Navy can be installed after the artificial interruption of pregnancy in the first monthly.
  2. If women had spontaneous Premature birth, then the helix is ​​installed no earlier than 1.5 months.
  3. After childbirth, it is necessary to restore time - from 1.5 to 3 months, after which it is allowed to install a spiral.
  4. Navy is not a contraceptive after unprotected intercourse.
  5. Remove the system is necessary after 5 years if the hormonal Navy is installed and after 7-10 years - if copper.
  6. Simultaneously with the removal of the helix, you can install a new.
  7. Every month after menstruation ended, you need to check the helix helix in the vagina. If they are not, or one shorter than the other, then you need to consult a doctor.

Who is contraindicated by the Navy

Using intrauterine contraceptive may not every woman. Navy is allowed to establishly to give birth to women leading regular sex life, and with one partner.

In which cases the system is contraindicated:

  • Spiral can not be administered if a woman has gynecological diseases of an inflammatory nature;
  • The doctor will never establish a spiral at the request of the patient. First, inspection is carried out, the necessary analyzes are given to exclude infection;
  • during pregnancy, including ectopic;
  • with malignant neoplasms of cervix and uterus;
  • Chronic diseases - tuberculosis, Cardiovascular pathology;
  • Hormonal Navy is prohibited when Mastopathy.

Side effects

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Any contraceptive cannot guarantee 100% protection. In addition, at first, after the introduction of the contraceptive system, side effects may occur:

  • inflammation of the mucous membrane of the elementar body;
  • sprinkling the uterus;
  • Spiral loss;
  • abundant painful monthly;
  • lack of menstruation;
  • swelling;
  • nausea;
  • an increase in appetite, weight gain;
  • the appearance of acne;
  • backache.

To avoid problems with the intrauterine system, you must refer to the selection responsibly and thoroughly weigh everything. Before installing, it is necessary to examine the gynecologist to eliminate inflammation and other gynecological problems.

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