Every year, 15% of the world's population is sick with influenza. This infection is easily transmitted from a person to a man with air-droplet when coughing, sneezing, conversation, when using a common kitchenware. The risk of influenza is having each other, but most of all children suffer.
According to statistical data, half of all cases of influenza is registered by pediatricians. Duration of illness in children longer than adults. Up to 90% of all hospitalized influenza — these are children, they have fun in them hard and often with complications.
Often you have to hear from parents that flu — This is a harmless disease. A couple of temperatures, lobs in the body, a little headache, a bit of cough — And the child is healthy. But, unfortunately, not always the flu ends safely. In the body of the child, the influenza virus multiplies with lightning times, often affects the tissues of the lungs, causing pneumonia, it becomes the cause of cardiovascular diseases, diseases of the nervous system and kidney, which represents a real threat to the life of the baby. Especially often against the background of flu in children develops otitis, leading to deafness and disability. To prevent heavy outcome, the vaccination of children against influenza is needed.
Children under 6 months do not get sick with sharp respiratory diseases and flu, they are reliably protected by the immunity of the mother, obtained during the intrauterine development. Influenza vaccination for children over 6 months — This is an urgent need. Despite the fact that the highest risk of infection in children attending kindergartens and schools, kids up to a year are also not insured against the disease. After all, their socially active parents and relatives cannot but contact with infection during the epidemic.
Vaccination against influenza children who attended children's teams, have already contributed annual preventive measures to the State Plan. Especially showing the vaccinations of those children who have chronic diseases of the lungs, hearts and blood vessels, congenital and acquired defects, immunodeficiency conditions, diseases of the kidneys and liver — They always have fun in severe form and often leads to a fatal outcome.
Children's vaccination against influenza begin in October-November month, until the increase in the incidence of ORVI. However, even during the flash of influenza, vaccinations are quite possible, because the epidemic usually lasts about 6 weeks, immune protection after the introduction of the vaccine is formed after 2 weeks.
What vaccines are used to immunize children from influenza?
Most often, split-vaccines or subunit vaccines are used to vaccinate children. And in that, and in another case, drugs contain particles of the virus, and not a whole pathogen, it means that they are not able to cause influenza disease.
High variability of the virus requires an annual analysis of the strains of circulating pathogens and creating new vaccines. Usually, the flu vaccine includes 3 virus strains: one variant of the virus in and two — Virus A. The anti-hygospose-based immunity vaccine ensures the protection of a child from a period of 9-12 months in 96 cases out of 100, four sick infections proceed in a light form and does not require hospitalization.
Is IVI flu vaccine protection possible?
For children grafted from influenza, not terrible ORVI. The vaccination creates a local immunity that blocks the reproduction of pathogens in the nasopharynk, and therefore any other respiratory viruses cannot accumulate in an amount sufficient for the development of ARVI.
What complications are after influenza vaccinations?
Complications After the introduction of flu vaccines are extremely rare, especially if the child was examined before vaccination, and all contraindications for vaccination were excluded.
Influenza vaccination must be postponed if there is any acute disease, it is categorically contraindicated with allergies on chicken protein and other vaccine components, if the previous vaccination was accompanied by complications.
Since the split vaccine from influenza is introduced intramuscularly, in the first days at the injection site, the presence of sealing and soreness. Common reactions in the form of a minor increase in body temperature are short-lived and independently pass within a day.