Hypotrophy - one of the forms of chronic disorder
food in children characterized by gradually developing exhaustion.
Hypotrophy is found primarily in young children, maybe
Early and in the fetus during the period of intrauterine development in various
Mother diseases (intrauterine hypotrophy).
The most frequent causes of hypotrophy are insufficient
Number of milk in mothers, improper breastfeeding technique,
prolonged breastfeeding with milk mixtures, presence, incorrect or insufficient and monotonous
food, poor child care, lack of mode and rare stay
Its outdoors, hereditary and acquired diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, frequent colds. This leads or to
Insufficient flow of nutrients in the child's body, or
to violation of their assimilation. Due to insufficient receipt
Nutrients The body begins to spend their own stocks
proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral, salts and vitamins. Arises
Dehydration of the body violates the formation of the bone system,
Rachi-like changes appear. As a result, starvation is developing
And the exhaustion of the body. Violates metabolism, as well as functions
various organs and nervous system, resilience
organism to various diseases.
In the development of hypotrophy, the child loses weight, its growth and development
slow down. The skin becomes pale, flue, dry, easily going
In folds. The thickness of the skin fold at the level of the navel is becoming less than 1.0
cm. The subcutaneous fat layer is thinned - at the beginning on the stomach and torso,
then on hand and legs, and afterwards on the face. The muscle tone is reduced.
Appetite worsens noticeably, often an unstable stool occurs.
The behavior of the child changes: it becomes a capricious, restless or
sluggish, sleep is disturbed, the development of motor skills is delayed
(Children later begin to get on legs and walk). In children with hypotrophy more often
infectious diseases arise; they are easier and harder
endure inflammation of the lungs and intestinal infections, even minor
Error in nutrition cause them violations from the gastrointestinal
tract. Treatment is appointed by a doctor strictly individually after identifying
all the reasons caused by hypotrophy.
Prevention of hypotrophy needs to be started before the birth of a child.
Future mother must comply with the day of the day, eat. After
Birthday Baby Nursing Mother should also follow their food,
Including in it products containing enough proteins,
Fats, carbohydrates, vitamins. It is necessary to make efforts for
providing breastfeeding and trace the amount of milk,
Such a child. Communication rules should be followed
child in time to introduce adhesion. Necessary
ensure compliance with the regime of the day, a sufficient stay of the child on
air, timely treatment of diseases.
It is carried out taking into account the reason that caused hypotrophy, as well as its degree.
With 1 degree - outpatient, at 2 and 3 degrees - in the hospital.
Basic principles - elimination of the causes of hypotrophy, proper nutrition
and child care, treatment of disorders arising from this
Measuring of substances, infectious complications.
With the insufficient number of milk, the mother of the child is remembered
donor or mixtures. With less than normal, content in
The maternal milk of the components of them is prescribed additionally (when
Protein deficiency - kefir, cottage cheese, protein milk, with a deficit
carbohydrates - sugar syrup add to drinking water, with a deficit
Fats give 10-20% cream). In severe cases, nutrients
Enter intravenously drip. In the case of hypotrophy due to
Violation of metabolism, conduct special medical nutrition.
Regardless of the cause of the disease, all children are prescribed vitamins,
Enzymes (Abomin, Pepsin, Festal, Panzinorm, Pankreatin and DR.),
Stimulating tools (apilax, dibazole, in severe cases -
Hormone therapy), massage, medicinal physical education, ultraviolet
irradiation. Of great importance is the right child care
(regular outdoor walks, stagnant warning
phenomena in the lungs - more often take a child in hand, turn over; at
cooling to put on the legs of the harrant; Careful cavity care).
Forecast for hypotrophy 1 degree favorable, at 3 degrees - mortality is 30-50%.