Since scarlet fever is considered to be of childinfectious disease, the parents know about the disease it is necessary, moreover, that the symptoms of scarlet fever are easily recognizable. Agree forewarned - is forearmed. Do not be afraid of the disease, despite the fact that a century ago, died of scarlet fever often children, today the treatment is not difficult, of course, if all the doctor's instructions.
Symptoms of scarlet fever
In the beginning, most resembles scarlet feverInfectious diseases: a sudden and very strong temperature rises to 39 C and above?. The child may be excited and active. After quite a bit of time there is lethargy, weakness, sometimes nausea and vomiting, there are complaints of severe pain in the throat. And from that moment something and begin to show the most characteristic symptoms of scarlet fever.
If you ask a sick child to open his mouth,then, not even being a doctor, you see a swollen pharynx, bright red throat and white patches on the tongue. Lymph nodes in the neck increased. The clinical picture may resemble a whole sore throatBut much more pronounced than usual. The doctor, called at that time, from the characteristic white patches on the tongue is suspected scarlet fever. And if at first you can diagnose angina, the picture becomes more than clear in the next day. Already after 12 hours from the onset of the disease on the child's skin appear reddish rash. Scarlet fever, we learn by looking at the face of the patient: a bright red rash covered her cheeks and forehead, with the pale remains only a small nasolabial triangle. The rash spreads quickly throughout the body. All this is accompanied by high fever in a patient. Not without reason in the XVII century scarlet fever dubbed "Purple Fever". The rash is most concentrated at the joints of limbs, on the sides of the torso, chest, abdomen, thighs. The skin feels dry and hot. Around the second day the language of the white turns to crimson with relief protruding nipples.
It should be noted that children scarlet fever symptoms are typically brightly and saw a day, every mother will not forget these manifestations.
How do you get infected
Most often the victims of scarlet fever arePreschoolers and younger students. The susceptibility to scarlet fever is high. The source of infection - a sick child, but the trouble is that the most dangerous in terms of infection is the initial stage of the disease, when there is no clinical symptoms. That is, the child may feel healthy and attend child care, but contact with him for a danger to others. That is why if a group of children have fallen ill with scarlet fever, you should wait for the repeated cases.
Babies sick with scarlet fever is very rare. With mother's milk kids get immunity. But this passive immunity that protects only the first few months of life.
The causative agent of scarlet fever - beta-hemolyticstreptococcus. The path of infection - airborne, but in the early days of infection can occur through common things. The causative agent can penetrate into the body and through a scratch or a small wound. In this case, a sore throat and can not be, but all other symptoms remain the same.
Periods of disease
Hidden or incubation period lasts from day 1up to a week. Therefore, if a child had contact with the patient, to prevent the spread of disease in a group, it debarred from attending group sessions for 10 days.
The initial period. This is the period of the first manifestation of clinical symptoms. It takes several hours to 1 day.
During the height of the disease symptoms bloommagnificent color. Angina can take a purulent or follicular character. Rash over the whole body. But with the right treatment to the 5 day eruption is gradually fading, the lymph nodes are reduced, improving well-being.
recovery period will take two weeks. The skin in this period we have seen peeling. Small scaly on the trunk and larger plate-shaped on the soles of feet and palms.
If a child is ill with scarlet fever, then to the classes he will be allowed only after 21 days.
Treatment for scarlet fever
With the exception of severe scarlet fever treatedat home. Sometimes the doctor may hospitalize sick child, if a family has more young children to try to prevent the spread of infection.
A sick child lay in bed. Select individual dishes, towel, soap and so on. D. Observe confinement to bed is especially important during the first week. Yes sick and he will need to rest. But as the state of health improvements can go to a regular home mode, and with 10 days, counting from the beginning of the disease, the individual walks allowed.
During the acute phase of the disease in children,most likely, there will be appetite, do not try to force-feed him, but take care that he was drinking more than usual. It is best if you as a drink will be offered fruit drinks, juices, teas herbs. The diet should be gentle, recommended dairy products: cheese, butter, yogurt, fruits and vegetables are required. But the sharp, salty, smoked and fried foods should be excluded from the diet for at least a month.
When scarlet fever doctor must hold courseantibiotic therapy. Maybe it appointed amoksiklav, sumamed, macrofoams or other drugs at the discretion of the attending physician. Scarlet fever is dangerous possible complications, but the use of antibiotics in this case completely prevent all adverse consequences.
Full recovery is ascertained if afterthe treatment, showing normal blood and urine tests, and at seeding of mucus from the nose and throat is not found the causative agent - beta-hemolytic streptococcus.
After scarlet fever remains very strong immunity and reinfection cases, fortunately, very rare.
Immunization against scarlet fever is not present. Therefore, in order to avoid infection, it is important to promptly isolate patients from healthy. If the house in addition to a sick child even have children, try, if possible, to care for patients in a separate room, often with a wet cleaning and wash the toys in soap-soda solution. This is particularly important in the early days. Gargle tomitsidom or salt-soda solution.
So in conclusion I would like to add that the strong,hardened kids, if faced with an infection, then recover quickly and easily. Therefore, pay due attention to the physical training, outdoor exercise, a healthy diet and be healthy!