Tick-borne Encephalitis - deadlyinsect parasite. On the territory of the CIS and Baltic States distributed almost everywhere, although focal (not very often). Learn it is not difficult, it has a characteristic brown or brown, elongated body with a diameter of two to five millimeters with a dark spot at the base of the head. Moves tick slowly, only a few millimeters per second, so it is still possible to have time to notice and remove from yourself or your clothing before it is time to choose a place and suck.
Of the total number of ticks, carriers of virusesare only ten to fifteen percent. Thus deaths recorded on only one of seventeen infected patients. Of course, statistics-statistics, but this kind of trouble better yet avoided. To do this, you must know and follow some rules that will help in time to prevent the tragic consequences.
How dangerous tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease?
Bite Tick-borne Encephalitis is fraught with diseases such as tick-borne encephalitis, Lyme disease (lime laymborrelioz, tick-borne Lyme disease).
Tick-borne encephalitis - a viral disease inmainly affects the central nervous system and for several days, a week, can be lethal. The disease adversely affects the gray matter and cerebral cortex and the spinal cord responsible for locomotor functions.
Lyme disease (lime) - the name comes in honor ofcity in the United States, where the disease was first identified - transmissible infectious disease caused usually by bacteria and spread by ticks spirochetes. It usually manifests as skin lesions, central nervous and musculoskeletal systems can lead to Lyme arthritis and serious heart disease. We have had the disease relapses.
The symptoms of tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease
Our website would like to convey to you information about the symptoms bite Tick-borne Encephalitis, or rather the symptoms of diseases carried by them.
The symptoms of tick-borne encephalitis: frequent headaches, fever and thirty-nine or forty degrees, body aches. The incubation period for the virus is two to four weeks.
symptoms disease disease Lima: there is irritation in the form of a small rash around the bite focus diameter of approximately about ten to fifteen centimeters, much scratched. The incubation period of the infection for about a month, but there are cases when the disease began to manifest itself only through the first nine months.
Basically mite attacks its prey sitting ongrass or high up on the branches of trees and shrubs. When a person passes by, she touches a plant, a tick appears in his clothes. The parasite is common in deciduous forests, and even if mixed forest, the mites will choose hardwood part.
How to protect yourself from tick-borne Encephalitis?
What to do to avoid being bittenTick-borne Encephalitis? If you are going hiking, for example, choose her clothes properly. Outerwear - jacket, shirt, windbreaker - have to be a long-sleeved, tight-fitting wrists. All buttons should be fastened to the collar. You may also want to tie a scarf around the neck, which should be filled by the collar. It is very convenient to use clothes with a hood, so that you protect your head. Windbreaker or shirt must be tucked into pants, which in turn tucked into shoes or boots. If you have nowhere to tuck pants, they are filled in socks. Conditions - to leave as little as possible to open the skin.
Mite never attacks immediately. First, he clings to the clothes, and then, over a period of half an hour to several hours of crawling, making his way through the folds of clothes and choosing the most convenient place for a bite. This is the place most often soft and warm skin. Given the fact that the speed of movement of the tick is not high, frequently inspect the clothes and exposed skin during stops. It is also necessary periodically protryahivat clothing. When you stop for the night do not forget the tent, which must be inspected before nightfall.
Returning home from the forest and remove all my clothes, take a shower, check yourself in the event of falling unnoticed tick. Do not forget to inspect and protryasti clothes.
How to remove a tick?
If a tick has bitten yet, it must be removedleather. This should be done with maximum caution. In no event it is impossible to push his fingernails or tweezers, comb and try to pull out the power. In such cases, there is a great risk that the tick inject a large portion of the body in its saliva, and with it the infection.
At home, recommended to remove the tick in many ways, including the "old-fashioned". These methods include:
The first method. Remove the tick from the body as possible, if the drop on himsomething or fat, such as vegetable oil, any alcoholic solution. Then take a cotton swab for him and, slowly, try to remove it from the skin.
The second method. Grasp the tick with tweezers, trying to grasp at the very place of contact, and rotational movements to try to get it.
Both method provides physical pressure on the parasite, which as already mentioned is not very desirable.
Finally, third way. Removing the tick thread. To do this, throw the common thread between the body and the body of the victim of the tick, do a couple of turns of thread, so that a loop. Eyelet slightly tightened on the neck of the insect, then fold the ends of the thread and start to roll them between two fingers. During this process, it is not desirable to make sharp jerking the cord and make sure that the thread is not too tight. According to those who have taken advantage of this method, it will take a few minutes to remove the tick from the skin.
If successful, removing the tick, do not try to crush it, cut, etc. Hands after removing the parasite is highly recommended to wash any detergent.
If you are not sure that you can remove the tickalone, our site recommends that you contact the nearest fracture clinic, where the tick will draw and you make an injection of immunoglobulin. To ensure that no (any) hazard to your health, it is desirable to take the extracted mite in the sanitary and epidemiological stations (SES), where for 1-2 USD during the day you will be given a hands on examination results. If things are bad, immediately go to the clinic for infectious diseases doctor. Given the short incubation period of the disease, delay is not: at stake is your health, your life.
In order to somehow protect themselves from the risk ofcatch-borne diseases Tick-borne Encephalitis, and acquire a strong immunity to its bites, apply the so-called vaccinations. Calibration is done in three stages: the first - in the autumn, in October, beginning of November; second - in the spring, in March and early April. After that we can walk in the woods without fear. After 12 months, it is necessary to make the third vaccination, and continue to repeat the vaccination with an interval of three years. If you want to carry out vaccinations for their children, then be sure to check with your doctor. The fact that not all drugs are the same in their properties and have different restrictions on the child's age.
We wish you good health and a pleasant summer holiday!