What is a functional food

Functional food helps in cases whereone does not have the possibility to monitor their regime and exercise. Under this concept implies the presence in the diet of valuable and rare items that have a positive effect on the immune system, prevent the development of certain diseases and strengthen the overall emotional and physical background of the person.

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Modern food, which is saturatedpopulation is not rich in beneficial nutrients, they have a lot of dyes, substitutes and other processing aids. Unfortunately, the volume of consumption is only increasing.

Many people who are interested in maintainingtheir health, are showing interest in functional foods. As for the products that are part of this system, they are subject to certain requirements, but they must:

  1. Long kept.
  2. Quickly prepare.
  3. Well absorbed.

In addition, these products must maintain or restore health. This, of course, high demands. This attention to these healthy foods not less than thorough.

The functional food composition comprises the following ingredients:

  1. Amino acids.
  2. Ballast substances.
  3. Useful proteins.
  4. Peptides.
  5. Various vitamins.
  6. Lactic acid bacteria.
  7. Unsaturated fatty acids.
  8. Antioxidants.
  9. Minerals.

Benefits

Products that are used in functionalfood, rejuvenate the body, increase the tone, normalize blood pressure, help remove harmful toxins. This way of eating is very popular in Japan. There's more than half of the products are functional.

Japanese cuisine is rich in seafood, fruits andvegetables. The fact that the average life expectancy in this country is 84 year. And over the past few years this figure has increased by 20 years. Functional food, which is used in Japan, increases immunity, helps address the problem of excess weight, improve heart function, normalizes the activity of the digestive system and helps fight with cancer.

disadvantages

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The composition of functional foods includeall important chemicals that occur in plants growing in their natural environment. Examples are antibodies against disease, natural dyes, and growth regulators. These biologically active substances are not involved in the primary metabolism and nourish the human body. However, they are present in vital biological processes that provide vital functions of the whole organism.

The chemical composition of these materials is very different. Even at small doses they can act as therapeutic agents. The secondary plant compounds have the following effects on the body:

  1. Antioxidant.
  2. Anti-carcinogenic.
  3. The anti-inflammatory.
  4. blood pressure regulation.

Functional foods

The range of products on the shelves are more and more. Therefore, anyone can buy food lacking nutrients. The sale, for example, there are:

  1. Dairy products enriched with probiotic lactobacilli and that improve intestinal microflora.
  2. Kashi, rich in vitamins, lower cholesterol and strengthen the immune system.
  3. Vegetable oil, rich in vitamin E, which helps effectively fight against excess weight.
  4. Pasta, rich in protein, which is useful for muscles.
  5. Muesli with L-carotene and trace elements, which increase the efficiency and improve the body's energy supply.
  6. In addition, enriched products such as juices, teas, milk, syrups, jellies, fruit and coffee.

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Assortment of saturated products in different countriesmany different. For example, in Japan the basis of functional food diet consists of living creatures that inhabit the coming water. In France, in the list of functional foods including red wine, artichokes and asparagus. In the world of healthy food rank as dairy products, fortified probiotics.

In our country, produced a variety of enrichedproducts, which add various mineral supplements, vitamins, fiber and other components that significantly increase their value. This is mainly for baby food products, various dairy products, juices, biscuits and powders used for the preparation of mineral drinks. Some functional foods are used as components of sports nutrition. Besides domestic sale also has rich products of foreign manufacture.

Useful substance can be eaten as a tabletor together with enriched products. Nutritionists believe that the second method is more familiar to humans. Nevertheless, even the rich food, as usual, some people can cause allergic reactions. So you should first consult a doctor. More important to include in your diet such products for a variety of diets. The menu should be following the necessary food groups: fruits, vegetables, cereals, meat, fish, dairy products.

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