Plump rosy cheeks, arms and legs in the waist- Parents are touched plump crumbs and often do not notice when the fullness of light is converted into the disease. However, excess weight causes the development of metabolic disorders, creates undue stress on the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and endocrine system of the child, violates its development and lead to disease. An obese child becomes an object of ridicule, is experiencing chronic stress and grows zakompleksovannym, unsure of the man himself. If you notice that the baby became too fast to put on weight, it is time to take action. Treatment of obesity in children requires patience from parents.
You have had a baby weighing more than 5 kg and herapidly gaining weight? To bring to the disease in these cases it is important from the first days of a life well-suited to children's nutrition, obesity will have to take more stringent measures. Already, the baby should be a bit limited in food. Do not give him milk on demand, it may be satisfied with plain water, a decoction of wild rose or apple. The total amount of food 2 months grudnichka should be no more than 1/5 of its weight.
As a first feeding obese childsuitable vegetable puree with a minimum content of potato. Despite the fact that children like porridge, they should not be present at the table more than 1 time per day, with semolina and rice it is not recommended to give at all. To prepare the preferred unsweetened juice of berries and fruit varieties, optionally mixed with vegetables, such as carrots, cabbage, beet.
The daily amount of food the child of 2-4 months is approaching 1/6 of his body weight in 4-6 months it is equal to 1/7, in 6-9 months - 1/8 in 9-12 months - 1/9 of baby's weight .
The diet for obese children aged between 1 and 3years adjusted depending on the stage of the disease. Mild obesity shows a healthy diet, crisp eating regime, with the exception of overeating. In more severe cases need to limit caloric intake by simple sugars and animal fats.
Do not accustom the baby to sweet foods as you can rarely buy buns, cookies, candy. Let sweets are fruits and berries at his table, and instead of flour products in his diet dominated by vegetables.
The kid should get enoughprotein in the form of meat to 80 g and 50 g of cheese per day. Milk and milk products are useful for children and should be present in the diet of 500-600 ml per day, the only limitation - the fat content of the products, it should be minimal.
Encourage your child to eat slowly, in a calm atmosphere, without being distracted by toys and watching television, so he will eat less and will be satisfied.
Daily volume of food in age from 1 year to 3 years should be 450 g, not including, of course, juices and drinks.
Treatment of obese children primarilyIt includes diet therapy, supplemented by exercise. At 1-2 the degree of obesity weight correction is possible without departing from the house, but if the child's weight exceeds the norm by half, indicated treatment in a hospital.
The main condition of diet therapy in children -meet the growing needs of the organism in the plastic material, ie in proteins. Meat and dairy products must be present in the diet of baby. Preference should be given to the beef, veal, rabbit, chicken. Recommended different fish, eggs, low-fat cottage cheese, low-fat dairy products.
Refractory animal fats, margarine should bewithdrawn from the power of the child. Butter should not be a mandatory addition to oatmeal or vegetable puree. Salads should be refilled with oil, strictly controlling the amount.
"Fast Food" and sodas not for children, and especially not for children with overweight. Sweets, confectionery, pasta, pastries, bread from flour limited, but from the whole wheat flour products are welcome.
Of course, the baby's body to generate energyWe need carbohydrates, but let it be useful carbohydrates from vegetables, unsweetened fruit and berries. Moreover, potatoes, bananas, grapes should be used is limited. It is recommended to be administered in dried food, they contain a lot of fiber, pectin have a beneficial effect on intestinal motility and deduce the excess liquid.
In order not to arouse too baby appetiterenounce the use of condiments, do not cook nourishing broths, do not apply sharp, spicy and smoked snacks. The preferred treatment products should be steaming, baking and decoction. Gradually Minimize the amount of salt, it delays the liquid and provokes swelling.
Meals should be 5-6 one-time, fractional. The last meal no later than 3 hours before bedtime.
In conclusion, I would like to add that the reasonobesity in children are most often the family tradition of drinking. So if you want your child to be healthy, start with yourself and your habits.