What is rheumatic fever

Content

  • What is rheumatic fever
  • Causes of rheumatism
  • What's happening
  • How to recognize
  • How dangerous?
  • The diagnosis of rheumatism
  • Treatment: rheumatism



  • And my heart pounding like something is wrong, and joints do not work quite right.
    Both (and the student, and the student) decide that they overworked, that they
    atypical form of acute respiratory disease, but a consultation with a rheumatologist is unlikely
    run. It's a pity. Too great a chance that happened to them
    rheumatism…



    What is rheumatic fever

    Rheumatic fever - a disease that
    It develops gradually and imperceptibly. Firstly it damages the
    our heart, blood vessels and cartilage. Then he gets
    and to other organs: liver, kidney and lungs. such versatility
    manifestations of rheumatic fever due to the fact that he did not just destroy
    any one organ. The disease affects an entire group of cells
    with specific properties (connective tissue) that
    found everywhere in the body.



    Causes of rheumatism

    Rheumatism can provoke a number of reasons: hypothermia, exhaustion, poor nutrition (low proteins and vitamins)
    bad heredity (in the family already met rheumatism). But the most
    most importantly, for the disease need special bacteria - beta-hemolytic
    streptococcus group A. Once inside our body, they cause
    sore throat, pharyngitis, scarlet fever. Only when a person
    there are defects in the immune system, long-term consequences of this infection
    may be rheumatism. According to statistics, only 0.3-3% of people who have had
    acute streptococcal infection, ill with rheumatism.



    What's happening

    What is rheumatic fever
    Streptococcus
    It begins its destructive work, in response to this immune
    system begins to produce protective substances that are
    to destroy harmful bacteria, their metabolic products,
    and along with the damaged cells of its own body.

    In people,
    predisposed to rheumatism, the immune system gets out of hand
    control. Speeding during illness, she continues to turn out
    agents capable of destroying not only streptococci, but also cells
    connective tissue. As a result, in organs where these cells many
    there are pockets of inflammation, which eventually degenerate and hamper
    normal operation of the body.



    How to recognize

    Typically, the first
    signs of rheumatic fever appear within two to three weeks after a sore throat or
    pharyngitis. The man begins to feel a strong weakness and pain
    in the joints, the temperature can rise sharply. Sometimes the disease
    developing very discreetly: low temperature (about 37.0), weakness
    moderate, heart and joints work as if nothing had happened. Usually
    People realize the impending rheumatism only after
    he appeared serious problems with joints - arthritis.

    more
    all disease affects the joints of large and medium: there is pain
    knees, elbows, wrists and feet. Pain may be sharp
    appear and disappear just as abruptly, even without treatment. But do not
    err - rheumatoid arthritis has not disappeared anywhere.

    Another one
    an important feature of rheumatic fever - heart problems: the frequency of violations
    heart rate (too fast or too slow), faults in heart
    rhythm, heart pain.
    Man worried pronounced shortness of breath, weakness, sweating, headache,
    pain. Rheumatism can also affect the nervous system. Thus there
    involuntary twitching of the muscles of the face, legs or arms, like a nervous
    teak.



    The dangerous

    If left untreated, rheumatic fever
    It hurts almost all the organs, and the man quickly turn
    a wreck. Major disaster: arthritis, which can cause
    to complete immobility, and a card that threatens this defect
    heart.

    In children it is more common during acute rheumatic fever:
    disease takes place in about two months. At first
    ill adults it takes 3-4 months.



    The diagnosis of rheumatism

    Diagnosis "rheumatism" can only rheumatologist. To avoid mistakes, it should conduct a comprehensive inspection.

    First, assign a common clinical blood test to detect signs of inflammation.

    Secondly,
    conduct immunological blood test to identify specific
    substance specific for rheumatism. These substances appear in the blood
    not earlier than one week after the onset of the disease and reach
    maximum to 3-6 week.

    To clarify the degree of damage to the heart,should consult a cardiologist, electrocardiography (EKG) and echocardiogram heart. To assess the state of the joints can help trauma surgeons and those unpleasant procedures such as arthroscopy, joint biopsy, diagnostic puncture joint study joint fluid.

    When rheumatic damage to other organs may need counseling and other doctors.



    Treatment: rheumatism

    In exacerbations of rheumatism treatment
    It should be carried out only in a hospital setting. It is important to observe
    bed rest and perform all prescription. The patient will register
    drugs that will remove the signs of inflammation. joint damage
    will take the trauma surgeon and manulnye therapists.

    In severe cases, drugsYou have to enter directly into the joint. In addition, the patient will appoint physiotherapy. If rheumatic fever raged in earnest - will hold a blood purification from aggressive substances (plasmapheresis) and other procedures.

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