And my heart pounding like something is wrong, and joints do not work quite right.
Both (and the student, and the student) decide that they overworked, that they
atypical form of acute respiratory disease, but a consultation with a rheumatologist is unlikely
run. It's a pity. Too great a chance that happened to them
What is rheumatic fever
Rheumatic fever - a disease that
It develops gradually and imperceptibly. Firstly it damages the
our heart, blood vessels and cartilage. Then he gets
and to other organs: liver, kidney and lungs. such versatility
manifestations of rheumatic fever due to the fact that he did not just destroy
any one organ. The disease affects an entire group of cells
with specific properties (connective tissue) that
found everywhere in the body.
Causes of rheumatism
Rheumatism can provoke a number of reasons: hypothermia, exhaustion, poor nutrition (low proteins and vitamins)
bad heredity (in the family already met rheumatism). But the most
most importantly, for the disease need special bacteria - beta-hemolytic
streptococcus group A. Once inside our body, they cause
sore throat, pharyngitis, scarlet fever. Only when a person
there are defects in the immune system, long-term consequences of this infection
may be rheumatism. According to statistics, only 0.3-3% of people who have had
acute streptococcal infection, ill with rheumatism.
It begins its destructive work, in response to this immune
system begins to produce protective substances that are
to destroy harmful bacteria, their metabolic products,
and along with the damaged cells of its own body.
predisposed to rheumatism, the immune system gets out of hand
control. Speeding during illness, she continues to turn out
agents capable of destroying not only streptococci, but also cells
connective tissue. As a result, in organs where these cells many
there are pockets of inflammation, which eventually degenerate and hamper
normal operation of the body.
How to recognize
Typically, the first
signs of rheumatic fever appear within two to three weeks after a sore throat or
pharyngitis. The man begins to feel a strong weakness and pain
in the joints, the temperature can rise sharply. Sometimes the disease
developing very discreetly: low temperature (about 37.0), weakness
moderate, heart and joints work as if nothing had happened. Usually
People realize the impending rheumatism only after
he appeared serious problems with joints - arthritis.
all disease affects the joints of large and medium: there is pain
knees, elbows, wrists and feet. Pain may be sharp
appear and disappear just as abruptly, even without treatment. But do not
err - rheumatoid arthritis has not disappeared anywhere.
an important feature of rheumatic fever - heart problems: the frequency of violations
heart rate (too fast or too slow), faults in heart
rhythm, heart pain.
Man worried pronounced shortness of breath, weakness, sweating, headache,
pain. Rheumatism can also affect the nervous system. Thus there
involuntary twitching of the muscles of the face, legs or arms, like a nervous
If left untreated, rheumatic fever
It hurts almost all the organs, and the man quickly turn
a wreck. Major disaster: arthritis, which can cause
to complete immobility, and a card that threatens this defect
In children it is more common during acute rheumatic fever:
disease takes place in about two months. At first
ill adults it takes 3-4 months.
The diagnosis of rheumatism
Diagnosis "rheumatism" can only rheumatologist. To avoid mistakes, it should conduct a comprehensive inspection.
First, assign a common clinical blood test to detect signs of inflammation.
conduct immunological blood test to identify specific
substance specific for rheumatism. These substances appear in the blood
not earlier than one week after the onset of the disease and reach
maximum to 3-6 week.
To clarify the degree of damage to the heart,should consult a cardiologist, electrocardiography (EKG) and echocardiogram heart. To assess the state of the joints can help trauma surgeons and those unpleasant procedures such as arthroscopy, joint biopsy, diagnostic puncture joint study joint fluid.
When rheumatic damage to other organs may need counseling and other doctors.
In exacerbations of rheumatism treatment
It should be carried out only in a hospital setting. It is important to observe
bed rest and perform all prescription. The patient will register
drugs that will remove the signs of inflammation. joint damage
will take the trauma surgeon and manulnye therapists.
In severe cases, drugsYou have to enter directly into the joint. In addition, the patient will appoint physiotherapy. If rheumatic fever raged in earnest - will hold a blood purification from aggressive substances (plasmapheresis) and other procedures.