Diphtheria, causes and symptoms


  • What are the causes and symptoms of diphtheria
  • Treatment of diphtheria

    Difteria - the strongest
    Bacterial infection, the main clinical manifestations of which are due
    diphtheria toxin. Difteria is striking the nose, throat and sometimes skin, but in more
    Serious cases can also spread on the heart, kidneys and nervous system. Wide use of DC
    Vaccines in the post-war years in many countries practically reduced cases
    diphtheria and tetanus and significantly reduced the number of cough cases.

    However, B
    The first half of the 90s, the diphtheria epidemic arose in Russia caused
    which was insufficient coverage by vaccinations of children and adults. Thousands of people
    Died from the disease, which could be prevented using vaccination.

    What are the causes and symptoms of diphtheria

    Difteria causative agent - bacterium,
    known as diphtheria toxin.

    Exotoxin produce
    Toxigenic strains Corynebacterium Diphtheridae, which fall into the blood and
    cause tissue destruction in an infected area, usually in the nasal cavity and
    Mouth. The course of the disease is severe, strong inxication often occurs
    organism, inflammation of the throat and respiratory tract. In addition, in the absence of
    Timely treatment of diphteria is fraught with serious complications - edema throat
    and respiratory impairment, heart and kidney damage, nervous system.

    Diphtheria is transmitted
    air drip from patients with diphtheria or healthy
    bacteria carriers, in rare cases - through infected items (for example,
    clothes, toys or dishes).

    Difteria proceeds in different ways,
    However, in all cases the following symptoms are observed:

    • Diphtheria, causes and symptomsDischarge from the nose, as
    • Sweet and Glow
    • A sore throat
    • Skin edema or eye (this
      The symptom meets quite rarely)
    • Headache
    • Nausea
    • Skin ulcers
    • Twist in the eyes
    • An increase in cervical lymphatic
    • Labored breathing

    • Treatment of diphtheria

      Treatment of diphtheria at an early stage
      Provides complete recovery, without any complications, although
      The duration of cure depends on the severity of infection. With absence
      Timely treatment is possible serious complications, including heart,
      which can lead to coma, paralysis or even a fatal outcome.

      With suspected diphtheria or
      Diagnosing this infectious disease is extracted
      hospitalization because the patient needs bed and careful
      Nursing care. Special attention should be paid to power, receiving fluid,
      Prevention of hypoxia.

      To destroy bacteria patients
      Excribe antibiotics, and also make vaccination in order to prevent diphtheria
      in future.

      The main and most effective
      The method of preventing diphtheria - vaccination. Vaccine against diphtheria (anatoxins)
      introduced in a single dose of intramuscular children of younger and preschool age,
      Senior Children and Adults can be introduced deeply subcutaneously. Secondary injection
      Anatoksins are introduced to children of school age, and repeat it in 10 years when
      Children erect school (t.E. at 16 - 18 years old).

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