At the word "rickets" we may have perhapsthat association with offensive childish "obzyvalkami" or starving children in pre-revolutionary Russia. But this disease, the cause of which is an unbalanced diet and lack of sunlight, and is able today to become a cause for concern parents.
- Imagine, Olenka rickets! - Sister's voice on the phone was not disturbed seriously. - Where did he come from? I thought, now and disease so no, except that somewhere in Africa hungry! ..
What is rickets
Meanwhile, our website should skazacht that rickets andtoday - a fairly common disease in children. They suffer more than 70% of children under three years. Rickets - a disease caused by a violation of mineral metabolism - and phosphorus calciumAnd it can touch any kid. Metabolic disorders caused by lack of vitamin D, lead to reduced calcium absorption. Since calcium is essential for the proper functioning of the organs and systems, the body begins to replenish it by "washing out" of the bones of the baby.
Prematurity or high birth weight, or dysbiosis - all of which can also cause the disease.
In a period of rapid infant growth, burdenedcertain adverse factors (severe pregnancy, artificial feeding, environment and climate), rickets can disrupt the formation of the skeleton and malfunction major body systems.
Symptoms and course of the disease
As with any disease, rickets can occur invarying severity and has two main phases. Most often, rickets occurs in the first six months of life, and in the initial period, parents should consult a doctor if your baby say anxiety during sleep, excessive sweating, the appearance of "potnichki" and pruritus. You can find also wiping hairs on the back of the head, and the softness of the anterior fontanelle. Biochemical analysis of blood, most likely, will not at this stage of reduction of calcium, but the phosphorus component is already low compared with the norm.
At the height of developmental disabilities will havenoticeable. The kid behind its peers in the motor area, there is muscle weakness. If untreated, it may be rickety hump - thoracic spine bulging, disappearing when standing up, legs bending X-shaped or D-shaped. The parietal and frontal bones of the skull baby grow, the chest is deformed - the so-called "Olympic forehead" or "cobbler's chest". Girls, moms, pelvic bone deformation can bring problems in the future, gestation and birth of a child. On the handle can be "bracelets" - overgrown bone wrists or "string of pearls" - thickened phalanges. The bones of the skull will melt to soft pliability. During this period, blood chemistry already show a significant reduction in the level of phosphorus and calcium, and urine analysis, on the other hand - high phosphorus content. Besides marked anemia - a low level of hemoglobin in the blood. Pediatrician celebrate the enlargement of the liver and spleen, the presence of a heart murmur. And, of course, there is a general delay in psychomotor development.
Treatment and prevention
In the prevention of rickets, especially oursite advises to take care of the health of the unborn baby - in your diet should be sufficient amount of dairy products, meat and fish. Excess weight you from them does not reach, and the benefits will be invaluable. Give preference to natural and fresh products from the market.
Walking in the fresh air, rightorganized by sunbathing, especially in the second half of pregnancy, you just need! Because vitamin D is able to be synthesized in the skin when exposed to sunlight.
If watching your doctor has prescribed Vitamin D - definitely take it. In sufficient quantities and it is contained in any multivitamin complexesSpecifically designed for pregnant women.
After the birth of the baby do not neglect the simplehygienic measures and physiotherapy - regularly ventilate the room the child, often walk with him, spend the recommended pediatric massage and gymnastics.
Breastfeed! Bioactive substances in breast milk, help the normal metabolism of a child, although most vitamin D in it a bit.
It is also important to know and remember that lactose, whichis present in mother's milk, it contributes to a better absorption of calcium. So when artificial feeding adapted choose, close in composition to human milk mixture.
Complementary feeding your baby should be administered promptly. Vitamin D is found in egg yolks, butter, meat, it is not present in fruits and vegetables. Follow your doctor, he may recommend that, in some cases, an earlier introduction of complementary foods.
All the preventive measures listed aboveused in the treatment of rickets. Do not defeat spelled the child in the event of the need for intake of vitamin D. It is prescribed not only for treatment but also for prevention of rickets, starting at 2-3 weeks of age. Remember that an appointment of vitamin D may be a doctor! The consequences of its excess can be much more serious than the lack of vitamin.
With early detection and proper treatment period followed by a period of rickets fading recovery.
... And what our Olya? Fortunately, nothing happened. At the time noticed onset of the disease and efforts on the part of my mother helped to avoid unfortunate consequences, and now nothing threatens her health!