Streptoderma - diseaseinfectious-allergic origin. It appears when streptococcal pathogen and its waste products penetrate the skin through wounds and scratches that are on it. In addition, you can quickly become infected with streptococcal if closely communicate with the sick person. It is very difficult to defeat the disease, attack the body of the newborn man, older children streptoderma treatment process also takes quite a long time. Adults are found with this skin disease is much less common due to the fact that their immune system sufficiently hardened to repel the attack on the body of the pest pathogen.
The probability of occurrence of the disease is linked tofirst place in violation of the integrity of the skin - to streptococcal organism freely hit the body quite small abrasions or mikroporezy. Another equally important factor is the violation of local immunity (immunity to infections of the skin) and a decrease in the activity of the immune system as a whole.
Streptoderma mostly exposed children - namelyin the children's collective (nurseries and kindergartens, schools, children's 'circles' of interest) often observed epidemic outbreak. The infected child at the same time can infect her any adult relative with whom close contact.
There are several main reasons that increase the chances of each of us to "catch" an insidious infection:
- Violation of rules of personal hygiene.
- Chronic fatigue and inadequate sleep.
- Conditions that cause low immunity (for example, prolonged illness).
- Vitamin deficiencies in the body and insufficient amount of food.
- Any injury to the skin.
The easiest way to penetratestreptococcal infection in the body - contact-household. Harmful microorganisms could trap a child everywhere on the dishes, clothes, toys, personal care products and, of course, in the dust. In summer, the insects are carriers of the disease. In winter, there is a seasonal incidence of streptococcal that keeps pace with the numerical cases of angina and scarlet fever. It is not surprising, because the causative agent of disease is Streptococcus.
Symptoms of "child" streptoderma
Streptoderma difficult to distinguish from urticaria, atopic dermatitis, Tinea versicolor, eczema and pyoderma, so the dermatologist asks the patient in great detail before the final diagnosis.
The size of the inflammatory focus and place of its localization identified a number of clinical forms of the disease.
strep impetigo looks like a single conflicts thataccumulate on the skin of the face, trunk, arms and legs, sometimes merging into one big blur. Mainly affects the basal layer of the skin after a bubble in their place thin crust formed gray hue. When the peel fall away after they are bluish-pink spots.
slotted impetigo It attacks the skin at the corners of the mouth. This form is also known as streptococcal streptococcal Zayed, as it takes the form of linear cracks in the corners of the lips, which are covered with yellow crusts honey-colored. Such perleches disappear without a trace, but tend to reappear. Also, this type of disease can be localized in the area of the nose and around the outer edge of the eye. The defeat of the skin in this area is complicated by severe itching, sometimes drooling, which contributes to the spread of infection to healthy skin. Suffering from the slot-like impetigo child refuses to eat due to the fact that it hurts to open my mouth.
Simple versicolor It occurs most commonly in children. His face is covered with scaly pink or white areas. They have well-defined round or oval shape. Sunlight is beneficial to the latest eruption, but the affected skin for a long time do not tan evenly.
Turniol (Streptoderma nail ridges) oftenobserved in children who can not get rid of a bad habit to bite his nails. The skin around the nail becomes inflamed, developing horseshoe erosion. Conflict filled with serous-purulent fluid.
streptococcal intertrigoUsually to be found in newbornsarea of skin folds - there formed small conflicts that may merge into one large lesion. If bubbles are open in their place remains weeping surface of bright pink color.
streptoderma Treatment in Children
Streptococcus danger is very great due to the fact,that is firmly established in the body of the bacterium can cause joint damage, heart muscle and kidneys - medicine known cases of heart disease, myocarditis, rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis in the investigation has not cured in time streptoderma. Therefore, parents who found suspicious spots on the body of your baby, you should as soon as possible to see a doctor.
At the epicenter of the infection necessarily prescribeQuarantine - children share no less than 10 days (maximum time duration of the incubation period). During the whole treatment is very important to observe the therapeutic diet, which is based on nutritious, but at the same time, light food. "Aggressive" foods (fatty, sweet, spicy, smoked) is prohibited.
When I expressed streptoderma single hearth andchild has no symptoms of intoxication, can be restricted by the local treatment by applying ointments and creams. Modern medicine offers a fairly wide range of products, successfully coping with streptococcus infection: baneotsin, gioksizon, fukortsin, levomekol, zinc ointment, sulfur-tar ointment. Sometimes there is a need for an integrated use of the two drugs, as streptococcus able very quickly to develop resistance (resistance) to certain drugs.
In complicated forms of streptococcal together with local treatment the therapy tonic drugs, vitamins, blood UFO and affected skin areas. Perhaps the patient will appoint antibiotics in injectable form (penicillins, cephalosporins), and anti-inflammatory agents.
During the treatment of streptococcal prohibitedin any way in contact with water - a healthy skin should be cleaned only with herbal decoctions, which have antiseptic properties and dries. It should also make sure that the child wore clothes only from natural fabrics, allowing the skin to breathe.
Treatment involves streptodermacompulsory deleting conflict that first pierce the thin injection needle, after which the affected area is treated with antiseptic solutions (eg brilliant green). The treatment ends overlaying ointment and a dry dressing. The resulting crust smeared with salicylic vaseline in order to remove them without hindrance.
On the face and in particular bubbles Zayedlubricated lapis (silver nitrate 1-2%), and then treated with tetracycline ointment or streptotsidnoy, rivanol, erythromycin ointment. To relieve the intense itching, apply an antihistamine - suprastin, diazolin and tavegil. To prevent scratching and contamination of healthy skin nails regularly treated with antiseptic solutions.
If in time to see a specialist and responsibly fulfill all rules of their assigned treatment, streptoderma begins to recede in the seventh day of therapy.