Carriers of dangerous helminth can be bothdog and cat. The parasite lives in the faeces and fur stray diseased animals. In toxocara and roundworm much in common, yet the pathogen toxocariasis is hardly typical for human helminth. In our bodies there is a suitable environment for normal life and reproduction toxocara, so from man to man is not transmitted helminth. Despite this, Russia has about 45-50% of children of preschool and primary school age are infected by the parasite. Sick adults, but kids are more accessible for helminth targeted because of their careless contact with the street animals in infected pastime sandboxes, as well as lack of hygiene during walks.
Options toxocariasis infection
Figuratively speaking, the disease can be dangerous to get through carelessness and levity:
- patting sick stray dog or cat;
- eating poorly washed fruit or vegetable;
- drinking a glass of boiled water contaminated;
- not washing their hands after a walk, before a meal.
The larvae of the parasite is surprisingly easy to transfer allnegative manifestations of the environment: cold, heat, drought, moisture, so the risk of infection toxocariasis there all year round. The greatest number of larvae in the soil toxocara occurs in warm wet weather - is not difficult to guess that the most dangerous for contracting the disease seasons are summer and autumn.
The most vulnerable to helminthiasis are:
- veterinarians and animal nursery workers;
- small children with a fondness to tinker in the sand and earth;
- hunters, who spend a lot of time with their dogs;
- sellers of fruit and vegetables;
Symptoms of toxocariasis
In the treatment of toxocariasis is used the following drugs:
- Vermoxum. Means appoint 100 mg 2 times for admissionin a day. The treatment period ranged from 2 weeks to 1 month. The daily dose for an adult patient may be increased to 300 mg. Vermoxum dignity that it does not cause side-effects (diarrhea, nausea, Abdominal pain), inherent in other anthelmintic drugs.
- Mintezol. The drug take 25-50 mg per 1 kg of patient body weight per day. Treatment lasts from 5 to 10 days. The drug is rapidly distributed throughout the body from the gastrointestinal tract and is expelled through the kidneys. In Mintezola has one major drawback - the side effects of headaches, Nausea, loss of appetite, drowsiness,painful discomfort. However, all the unpleasant consequences are of short duration. In defense of the drug may be noted his loyalty to the respiratory and cardiovascular system.
- Ditrazina citrate. To achieve therapeutic effect, taking the drug at 6.2 mg per 1 kg of patient body weight per day. The treatment can last from 2 to 4 weeks. Among the side effects of the drug can be noted dizziness, Nausea and urge to vomit.
- Albendazole. The drug administered at 10 mg per 1 kg weight of the patient per day. Take medication for 10-20 days. Nausea, headache, abdominal pain, diarrhea, the occurrence of which can trigger Albendazole, occur rarely and are just after the money.
MipSovetov recalls that according to thethe severity of the patient's condition to him an individual treatment dose of the drug can be assigned greater than those that usually indicate in the instructions. Appointment of anthelmintic drugs to pregnant women is still a controversial issue because of their high teratogenic effects.
In general, treatment may be called toxocariasis prognosis favorable. The main thing - not to delay the start of treatment as well as a particularly severe cases of infestation sometimes fatal.
People treated for toxocara
When deciding on self-treatment at home withusing folk remedies, remember that it does not help to get rid of the disease entirely, and only reduce the body's sensitivity to the aggressive influence of parasites.
- Throw in a large head of garlic milk and bring it to a boil. Broth use for enemas for 5-7 days.
- A lot of positive reviews on the decoction of tansy. 1 tbsp. l. plant flowers brew 1 cup boiling water. Warm broth is used for enemas. This method of treatment is absolutely contraindicated children!
- 1 tbsp. l. Connect with honey 1 tbsp. l. tarragon and mix the ingredients well seeds. Divide the weight by 3 reception - morning, afternoon and evening. Tool use between meals.
Prevention of disease
In recent years, cases of infection larvae toxocara frequent. Meanwhile, the parasite can resist the dangerous every conscious person is watching their health. To do this:
- beware of stray animals;
- regularly expose pets deworming;
- wash hands thoroughly after walking, working with the land and contact with animals;
- Wash fruits and vegetables before you eat them;
- talk to your children about the possible ways of infestation and how to avoid the "love" with worms.