Translated from Latin, means fertilis"Fertile, prolific." Fertility of women is defined by its ability and willingness to conception, pregnancy and childbirth. From a demographic point of view, women of reproductive age is between 15 and 49 years, although social norms and multiple medical recommendations narrow the indicators. This period is set by nature. At the same time, how to dispose of fertility - depends primarily on people.
What are the fertile days
A few days of the menstrual cycle that precede ovulation and complete it, called fertile. The most favorable period for fertilization includes five days preceding the ovulationAnd the day of its occurrence. ability to conceive in those days, a woman is maximum. The time interval comprising several of these days called fertile period or "window of fertility."
Ovulation - the state of the female body whenthe egg is ready for fertilization, out of the follicle in the ovary the fallopian tube. It is believed that the most likely to get pregnant there one day before ovulation. Thus the viability of sperm into the vagina a few hours in the cervix - about 5 days. The egg after ovulation retains the ability to fertilize during the day.
The average length of the female menstrual cycle is 28 days, ovulation occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle.
These data are an average, quite often there are some deviations in either direction. There are several methods for determining the favorable days for conception.
The calendar method
It is to track the body temperature induring the menstrual cycle. The fact is that before ovulation is most women significantly increases. Fluctuations are from 0.2 to 0.6 ° C. It is necessary to measure the basal body temperature (the anus) every day in the same time. It is recommended to carry out measurements in the morning - before you get up out of bed. The measurements should be recorded on a daily basis. With regular monitoring of basal body temperature, as well as the construction schedule fluctuations over several cycles - this method is quite informative.
Special Ovulation Test
These tests are sold in pharmacies, a set normallyThere are five bars. It is recommended to start testing for 5-6 days prior to ovulation. The principle of operation is the same as that of a pregnancy test, not only to identify subject chorionic gonadotropin and luteinizing hormone. First of all, you need to carefully read the instructions. It is recommended to test every day at about the same time, with an interval of one to two times per day. Will need to collect urine in a clean container, dip into it for a while the test strip - and then wait a few minutes to get the result. Before ovulation, there is a sharp release of luteinizing hormone, which successfully monitored by the test. A positive result confirms the very high fertility directly at the time of the test, ie the full readiness of women to conceive in the next day. The efficacy of this test is high enough when planning pregnancy.
Determination of the fertile period in character selections
Some women have successfully used the method of observation of the vaginal secretions. The cervix produces a special secret socalled cervical mucus - to maintain the viability of sperm in the reproductive tract. With the onset of ovulation characteristics produced by secretions (consistency and amount of bleeding) vary considerably.
During the menstrual cycle of women experience the following changes in the state of the neck (cervical) mucus:
- "Dry" days - the period begins after the end of menstruation, duration of several days. At this time there are no visual separation, vaginal mucosa is dry to the touch;
- further with the approach of ovulation, there are sticky, sticky clear discharge - start fertile days;
- there are isolation in a viscous viscous mucus resembling raw egg protein, indicating that achieving the highest levels of fertility - close to joining ovulation, as well as its occurrence.
This method is simple to use, hasside effects. The disadvantages include: high enough accuracy, low contraceptive effect. In some diseases, followed by a change in the nature of vaginal discharge, this method is ineffective.
There are quite a number ofsigns of the onset of the fertile days, as well as methods of tracking. Knowing your physiology - in particular, signs of the onset of the fertile days, will help you to control the time favorable for conception - or avoid unwanted pregnancy, if it is not included in your plans.