The essence of the in vitro fertilization
In vitro fertilization (IVF) - a procedure that is used in the case of infertility. With her, an egg is extracted from a woman andinseminated artificially, and the initial stage of the embryo is formed in the incubator. After this, the embryo is placed in the uterus of the woman for the further development of the child. According to statistics, pregnancy from the IVF procedure occurs in about 30% of cases. But at the same time in vitro fertilization can be carried out a large number of times, it all depends on the woman’s body.
It is worth noting that extracorporealfertilization is a rather complicated and expensive procedure. Conventionally, it can be divided into several stages. First, a woman and a man must pass all the necessary tests, undergo a medical and psychological examination. The initial stage of the operation follows. During it, a woman uses special drugs. They help the body produce several eggs at once, the fertilization of a larger number of which significantly increases the chances of having a baby. When the eggs are ready for fertilization, the next stage of the procedure begins - their removal. This procedure can be done in two ways. The first is a method of laparoscopy. It is performed through several punctures of the abdominal wall and is performed using anesthesia. And the second, more innovative, when the eggs are pulled directly through the woman's vagina. The extracted eggs are placed in a special fluid that mimics the natural environment for this organ. At this time, sperm are taken. After a couple of hours, these "ingredients" are combined. After several days, fertilized eggs with healthy embryos are placed in the woman’s uterus. There is a subsequent development of the baby. A woman can confirm a successful attempt at in vitro fertilization within a few weeks by making a routine pregnancy test. If the test results are positive, an ultrasound scan is performed in a week, which allows you to track the number and degree of development of the embryos. Further, the pregnancy proceeds, as with the natural conception. After nine months, a woman can give birth naturally, or maybe with the help of caesarean sectionIt all depends on the problems addressed a woman in labor. In general, IVF does not affect the further course of pregnancy and childbirth.
Indications and contraindications for IVF
The largest and most significant plusIVF is the birth of a child. Many couples because of their physiological features can not conceive naturally, in the cases of IVF - the best way out of a difficult situation. In addition, numerous studies have helped fully trace all the nuances of this method show that after in vitro fertilization procedures are born healthy children who do not differ from those who were conceived naturally. Moreover, there is evidence that babies born through IVF, in mental development is much succeed their peers and show excellent results in their studies. Each embryo "test-tube" is investigated further in its infancy. This makes it possible to eliminate the serious genetic disorders and chromosomal abnormalities. By the way, parents who conceive a child via in vitro fertilization, can advance to "order" the sex of their next child.
The disadvantages of in vitro fertilization
Despite all the advantages vitrofertilization, there are also some disadvantages of this method of conceiving a child. Often, couples who use IVF procedure, are born double or even triple. This is because women "implanted" a few embryos for greater confidence that she will conceive and bear a child. Although for many couples is not only not a problem, but also an occasion for joy, when a multiple pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, and many other complications. In addition, according to statistics, children are "test-tube" get sick more often than their peers. But the doctors, after extensive research, are inclined to believe that this is due to other factors.
Also have a negative impact drugsto stimulate ovulation mnogoyaytsekletochnoy enjoyed by women during IVF. For the unborn child, they have no effect, but may cause hyperstimulation of the ovaries in women. So taking them is carried out in a stationary form under the constant supervision of doctors. Also because of these drugs have the risk of developing ovarian cancer. Although doctors attributed this effect is likely to most infertility than to the use of drugs. And, finally, there is also the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy, when the embryo is attached to the abdominal cavity or tube.
Despite all these disadvantages in vitrofertilization, nothing compares with the birth of the long-awaited baby. Our site wants each pair to feel the joy of fatherhood and motherhood, even if it means resorting to medical procedures.