Urine analysis according to the method Nechiporenko patient suggest to pass, when the performance of urinalysis for uncertain reason, are not correct.
What the research shows
C can be detected using this procedure hiddeninflammatory processes in the urinary tract. The presence of the inflammatory process is judged by the content of formed elements in 1 mL of urine. Under the formed elements involve red blood cells, white blood cells and cylinders. We consider these in more detail.
From a school course of anatomy, these elements are remembered by many as the red blood cells. The cells are of paramount importance to our health: hemoglobinThey contain, carries oxygen totissue nutrition. It hemoglobin blood owes its crimson color. The urine of a healthy person is free of red blood cells and their presence indicates the development of certain pathological processes in the kidneys and urinary tract.
White blood cells.
These substances - "guardians" of our immune system. When ingested suspicious foreign elements leukocytes certainly will try to neutralize and eliminate them. In the urine of healthy human white blood cells do not. If the analysis indicates their presence, it is a serious cause for concern: in the kidneys, bladder, ureters, urethra, prostate (Men) will likely extend the inflammatory process.
These are substances of protein origin thatappear in the renal tubules with malfunctions of the urinary system. Also include erythrocytes to the cylinders, so-called granular cylinders cells and protein (hyaline cylinders). Figuratively speaking, the cylinders - it prints the inner walls of the kidney tubules. They consist of the proteinaceous substance that accumulates as a result of renal disease. Alkaline reaction of urine quickly dissolves cylinders. Ideally, they are not formed in urine.
Indications for analysis
How to define the norm and pathology according to the analysis
Analysis of urine preparing for one day. Laboratory calculate how many cylinders, red blood cells and white blood cells contains 1 ml of urine. If the addition of these elements are found in the urine of pathogenic bacteria and epithelial cells, this information will certainly be recorded in the direction that is given to the patient by the doctor.
Explanation of analysis.
In healthy human urine contains no more than 20 cylinders, to 2 thousand. 1 and leukocytes thousand. Erythrocytes, epithelial cells are present isolated and extraneous protein and bacteria are absent.
Overestimation of the number of white blood cells in the urine is called leukocyturia. High concentration of these components in urine is a sign of direct pyelonephritis. cystitis, Formation of kidney stones.
Inflated figures the number of red blood cellstalking about haematuria. Frequently such a condition occurs when pielotsistite, chronic renal insufficiency, glomerulonephritis, tumors, kidney stones.
Nephrosis, pyelonephritis, nephrolithiasis, tumors in the kidneys, glomerulonephritis are the direct cause of the increase in the number of cylinders in the urine.
It should be mentioned that in pregnant womenconsidered acceptable performance, close to the maximum digit rates. This can be explained increased daily urine output, and features of the overall health of the pregnant woman.
What do the analyzes of children
The presence of red blood cells in the baby's urineIt indicates, as a rule, nephrolithiasis, or exacerbation of chronic glomerulonephritis, urinary tract tuberculosis and kidney failure, tumors.
If exceeded the normal level of white blood cells, your doctor may suspect the little patient pyelonephritis, cystitis, or nephrolithiasis.
Infectious pathological processes in the urinary system, the child's body, tend to increase the concentration of leukocytes and erythrocytes in urine without affecting the number of cylinders.
The rate of formed elements in the urine of the child suchthe same as in the adult. It should be noted that analysis of data may affect the quality of treatment genitalia before urine collection. Doctor must be made aware if the midstream urine could not be collected for the study (for example, the child is too small).
When determining the diagnosis specialist considers the results of a study on the method Nechiporenko in combination with other tests and the patient's general condition.