What is tachycardia

Many people probably have heard or evenexperience such a state, when it is appropriate to speak about the heart, that it "jumps out of the chest." It's about heart palpitations, which is most often associated with strong emotions, anxiety, fear and other emotional states that sharply increases the heart rate.

By itself, the reaction of palpitations are notIt is dangerous and does not indicate heart problems, if is a single character, and you can definitely tell the reason for which quickened the rhythm of the heart. However, in some cases, accelerated heart rate may indicate a malfunction of the cardiovascular system.

In medicine, this symptom is called tachycardia(From the Greek "Tachos" - fast and "Card" - the heart). Tachycardia is not a separate independent disease and is classified as a symptom of other diseases, and it is not always associated with the heart.

To measure the pulse properly

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A simple way to see if the frequency is normalheart rate - regular monitoring of the pulse. To do this, measure the pulse in a calm state: in a healthy person, the heart rate is from 50 to 100 beats per minute. Indications will not be accurate if the pulse was measured immediately after eating, in a state of emotional excitement, with a cold, accompanied by a rise in temperature and so on. By the way, this also leads to the often encountered inaccuracy of diagnosis during an in-person appointment with a doctor - the patient's excitement provokes an acceleration of the heartbeat. If you have a trip to a cardiologist, measure your pulse and pressure at home for several days, when nothing bothers or excites, and at the reception show these data to the doctor.

If the metering pulse in calm conditions itfrequency is greater than 90-100 beats, it makes sense to see a doctor. In such cases it is possible to talk about the presence of tachycardia and it may indicate heart disease. The fact that many cardiovascular diseases develop "silence." Their early diagnosis is precisely to monitor the pulse and blood pressure. These simple observations are available to anyone in the home, to help maintain health for many years.

Physiological tachycardia

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In addition to sinus tachycardia, they are isolatedparoxysmal (ectopic). The heart rate is affected not only by the sinus atrium, but also other areas of the heart. When they enhance their impulse activity, ectopic tachycardia appears. It can be either ventricular or supraventricular (i.e., atrial). However, only the electrocardiogram can detect such nuances. In absentia, the type of tachycardia is not diagnosed and not determined.

Paroxysmal tachycardia - a sudden sharpincreased heart rate, which is usually preceded by a sense of anxiety and worry. Paroxysmal tachycardia more dangerous physiological, because it can be combined with an attack of an attack of angina (severe pain in the heart), panic attacks (anxiety, thoughts of death, severe anxiety of unknown origin), faintness, dizziness, and shortness of breath.

Even more dangerous by the fact that this type of tachycardia may obscure myocardial infarction - life-threatening condition requiring emergency hospitalization.

Urgent "first aid"!

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It is necessary to call an ambulance immediately ifheart rate during tachycardia attack exceeds 140 beats per minute. After ECG doctor will be able to determine what was the cause of paroxysmal attack, and it is vital. For example, atrial tachycardia may be triggered by prolonged stress and the presence of vegetative-vascular dystonia. This is unpleasant, but not fatal for life. But ventricular tachycardia may indicate myocardial infarction, acute intoxication, acute myocarditis, and other potentially life-threatening conditions.

Even if an attack of paroxysmal tachycardiadid not last long, and itself has stopped, it is important to consult a cardiologist. The danger of this type of tachycardia is that the attack could begin at any time and last for up to several days, if not a symptom of the time began to arrest under medical supervision.

To treat or not to treat - that is the question

What is fraught with tachycardia, which was not treated and prefer to "tolerate" attacks as "not pass by itself."

For example, cardiogenic shock. This pathological condition in which blood ceases to circulate in the body in a normal rhythm. As a consequence - unconsciousness, fainting. Among the harmful effects of tachycardia and congestive heart failure with pulmonary edema, coronary insufficiency, and a number of other pathological conditions, representing a direct threat to life. Panic attacks with acute attacks of fear of death, too, are the reason cause "first aid".

How to live with tachycardia

If you already are familiar with tachycardia,it is in your power to keep symptoms under control and prevent the development of such severe consequences. Fortunately, tachycardia allows you to live a full life and not be afraid of constant attack, if the person is willing to take care of their body.

The first step is to consult a cardiologist todetermine the type of tachycardia and the presence of underlying disease, which provokes its attacks. In this case, the main treatment will be in the treatment of disease, a symptom of which is tachycardia. As soon as the cause is eliminated, and tachycardia pass.

Simple and affordable to every measure to facilitate their state at heart palpitations:

  • rejection of strong tea, energy, alcohol and coffee habits stimulate the nervous system;
  • receiving light sedation on the basis of herbs;
  • adherence of the day: restful sleep and recreation;
  • physiotherapy or alternatively complete rest and avoiding strenuous exercise (depending on the type of tachycardia and doctor's prescription);
  • vitamins group potassium and magnesium.

Medical therapy may also includeappointment of antiarrhythmic drugs. It does not self-medicate tachycardia, if attacks are regular and are not caused by the body's natural reaction to external stimuli. Keep in mind that different types of tachycardia require different therapeutic approaches.

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