Hemoglobin and its norm
Translated from Greek and Latin «hemoglobin» means «blood» or «Blood balls». Medicine interprets this term as follows: coloring pigment in the blood and an integral part of red blood tauros, that is, red blood cells. It is this component that gives our blood scarlet shade.
In the human body, hemoglobin plays the role of an oxygen transporter from the respiratory organs to the tissues, it also tolerate carbon dioxide from tissues to the respiratory authorities.
Normally, the hemoglobin rate during pregnancy is approximately 120-140 g / l, by the end of the 6th month its level decreases sharply. This happens due to the fact that since the 20th week of gestation, the woman's blood is diluted, increases in volume and decreases the number of erythrocytes. Such a state is normal from the point of view of the physiological features of the body of a pregnant.
In the event that hemoglobin began to decrease earlier than 20 weeks, we can talk about the development anemia, which, in turn, could entail an insufficient amount of iron, zinc, copper, Folic acid. Same Dysbacteriosis or neurasthenia.
According to physicians, almost every pregnant woman is subject to iron deficiency anemia, since there are plenty of reasons for its development, ranging from unfavorable environment, ending with hereditary diseases.
Such a disease is better to warn in time than to treat during pregnancy, since the additional reception of drugs can adversely affect the operation of the internal organs and placental development of the fetus. It is more correct to pay attention to the culture of your food and resort to the use of folk remedies in the earliest deaths for pregnancy and resort to the use of folk agents that stabilize blood hemoglobin levels.
Causes of low hemoglobin in pregnant women
Mostly hemoglobin increases due to the hereditary features of a woman, however, as anemia, hemoglobin jump does not add health to the future mother. In this case, this condition is characterized by manifestation of fatigue, weakness and drowsiness. In addition, exercise also contribute to exercise.
High hemoglobin is successfully diagnosed by putting blood for analysis, laboratory research of urine and a detailed consultation of narrow specialists.
The main causes of increasing hemoglobin are:
- hereditary predisposition;
- accommodation in the highlands;
- active and hard physical exertion;
- smoking before and in time of pregnancy;
- Folic acid deficiency in the body;
- heart disease and urinary system;
- Long dehydration;
- Vitamin Vitamins Prothip;
- intestinal obstruction;
High hemoglobin symptoms:
- The quality and acuity of vision is reduced;
- constant drowsiness and lack of sleep;
- decline in appetite;
- pallor skin;
- Violation of the functions of the urogenital system.
Complications with increased hemoglobin no less destructive than with anemia. Not only can it cause premature generic activities, this state is fraught with a fret of pregnancy and the delay of intrauterine development of the fetus. Not excluded miscarriage and chronic hypoxia fruit.
Mother with high hemoglobin develops thrombosis.
Such side effects are associated with the fact that blood becomes thick and viscous, as a result, the fetus displaces the normal amount of oxygen and other nutrients.
If hemoglobin is overestimated, then doctors are extremely recommended pregnant to take vitamin complexes without permission from a specialist. As part of some of them, there are components that increase hemoglobin, which in this case is categorically unacceptable.
Only a doctor must choose the right course of treatment, which will be aimed at promoting the blood dilution and its coagulation.
The effects of low hemoglobin during pregnancy
Insufficient number of these red blood cells in the system of blood formation of a pregnant woman is fraught with the fact that the growth and intrauterine development of the child can slow down, its immune system will weaken.
Among other complications during the gestation period may be:
- Premature birth;
- hypoxia fetal;
- Prelation of the placenta;
- late Gestosis;
- Placenta detachment can happen ahead of time.
In addition, the baby can be born with asphyxes, low weight and in the future will be worse to adapt to the new environment. With anemia, a woman is more difficult to give birth as a result of the fact that the generic activity under these conditions is weak, postpartum bleeding is not stopped for a long time.
Fast fatigue after the birth of the baby causes difficulties from the mother, since it cannot fully care for the child.
Treatment and prevention of pregnancy anemia
To avoid the unpleasant consequences of the deficit of hemoglobin, it is necessary even before the start of pregnancy and in the earliest periods to take care of your health and comply with all the necessary preventive activities. It is very important to saturate the blood system with iron. It is not necessary to take pharmacy preparations and make injections, it suffices to comply with a special diet, which should include the following foods:
- Vegetables and fruits with a high content of vitamins;
- Consumption of red meat (in this case vegetarianism unacceptable);
- Fish, greasy cottage cheese, sub-products and meat. All that is rich in protein;
- Reducing the number of fat. It's about fatty fish, fat, lamb and so on. Under anemia, you need to eat no more than 80 grams of fat per day;
- Consumption of carbohydrates in the form of croup, fruit and vegetables.
Rich on iron is considered dried mushrooms, apricots, young turnips, potatoes, peas, onions, green apples, persimmon, buckwheat, green vegetables, beans, grenades and pears.
The best option is to prevent the development of the disease. From the first week of pregnancy, a woman must control the level of hemoglobin and regularly donate blood in the laboratory. Our site also recommends not to forget about regular walks in the fresh air, gymnastic and breathing exercises.