Everyone knows there are different hernia: mezhnozvonkovye, inguinal. Today we invite you to read about what each type of hernia, how to treat it and how prevent the emergence of a hernia. There are many types of hernias. How do they arise? Most often a hernia occurs where there is a constant pressure on the outer shell bodies. Just as in the saying: "Where is thin, there and tear" ... Only when a hernia nothing torn, and there are so-called "hernial" through which organs protrude outward.
Hernias of the abdomen
When there is a small hernia abdominal skinbump, which can be easily straighten your fingers inside, and the hernia seems to disappear for a while. But this is not the way, after some time a hernia reappears, accompanied by a wild attack of pain. And only then, surgeons will be able to help the person. If a person appeared hernia - it is an alarming signal to the body that some bodies were displaced from their rightful place. When the hernia is necessary to conduct a complete examination to rule out the appearance of hernias in the future. our website warns that a hernia if you already have it, and for a long time "well-behaved" - easy to reduce a pain attacks is not - it is doubly dangerous. The longer exists hernia, the wider becomes the hernial ring and the larger bodies are displaced relative to each other and their operation is disturbed. Imagine that in the hernial bag gets gut ... It turns out the loop, and because in the gut is constantly moving half-digested food. The loop makes it difficult to peristalsis (normal intestinal contraction necessary for the movement of food and stool), food can rot in the gut, which can lead to very bad consequences - peritonitis and blood poisoning.
abdominal hernia treatment. Cure stomach hernia can only surgically. The doctor makes a small incision, the hernial ring and sutured bodies remain in their places. You can also try to strengthen the abdominal muscles, but avoid too much physical exertion to prevent the development of a hernia.
Quite often, umbilical hernia, theyenter the number of abdominal hernias. Most often, this type of hernia occurs at a very early age, when the baby cries a lot, straining belly, tendon and ligament weak umbilical ring can not withstand stress and muscle hernia occurs. Umbilical hernia may self-destruct in time, when the umbilical ring is formed, that is, within 5-6 years. But it also happens that "earned" in grudnichkovom age umbilical hernia manifests itself only when a person becomes an adult.
Treatment of umbilical hernia. In infants hernia treated conservatively: doctor puts a plaster on his stomach, preventing the stretching of muscles and tendons, and the hernia is gradually taking place. Our website would like to protect you from attempting self-treatment of umbilical hernia in an infant - to properly apply the patch, you need a good knowledge of anatomy, or can only do harm. If umbilical hernia is detected in an adult, it can only be cured by surgery. There are several methods:
- autoplasty: a method in which the integrity of the abdominal wall is recovering from its own tissues. This on-site hernia shell thickens to prevent re-occurrence of hernia;
- Endoscopic treatment is a low-impact surgery, in which on the umbilical ring is superimposed implant - a grid that prevents protrusion of the hernia.
To prevent the development of umbilical hernias prettyeasily. If the child has no congenital hernia, just do not let him scream for a long time. If the baby pokrichit 5-10 minutes - it's not terrible, but if the baby has to scream hysterically and a half hours in a row - this is a serious precondition for the development of umbilical hernias.
Inguinal hernia - a congenital defect thatIt arises from the cleft area of the peritoneum, which is covered with egg. The testicle descended into the scrotum and abdominal portion protruded outward. Thus, severe physical stress, frequent constipation or a sharp increase in body weight, available hernial bag gets colon and hernia has to be treated immediately.
Treatment of inguinal hernia. Inguinal hernia can be cured only by surgery. Fortunately, modern surgery prefers the endoscopic method, in which a defective portion of the abdominal wall is sutured, or impose a special mesh that prevents the protrusion of the hernia.
The essence of the herniated disc is the same as that of theany other type of hernia: a disc becomes thinner shell and the contents of the disc bulges outwards into the cavity of the spinal column. Hernia puts pressure on the nerve roots, which is why the strong pain. At first, the pain appears only after heavy physical exertion, as if a hernia is not treated, the pain will accompany virtually every turn of the body. Herniation disc pinches the nerve roots and because of this broken conduction of nerve impulses. In other words, a person with intervertebral disc herniation are constantly freezing hands, may disrupt the sensitivity of the extremities, the skin condition will change.
Treatment of spinal hernia. Small relief brings a prone position with raised legs. In this position, overstrained muscles relax and improve innervation. It is possible that the doctor will recommend a patient to spend a few months in bed, take painkillers and it is very good in some cases.
Often helps spinal traction. This drive is able to take the place. This method also requires prolonged bed rest and a long recovery period. It happens that both of these methods fail, and then the disc is removed surgically. But this is an extreme measure, try to use it only in the most severe cases.
After surgery to remove the vertebrae disc betweenwhich disk has been removed, simply fused together. Of course, it is a little limiting the mobility of the body, but the pain gradually passes and a person gets the opportunity to live like all healthy people. The rehabilitation period after surgery to remove a disk rather prolonged - up to 3-4 months.
To avoid the appearance of intervertebral hernia,Try to keep your back straight, do not slouch and do not sit too long in the same position. Frequent changes of posture help the muscles to relax more quickly and maintain the vertebrae and intervertebral discs in their natural position.
If you have already passed treatment of intervertebral hernia, Our site encourages you not to neglectspecial exercises to strengthen the muscles of the back, because it is strong muscles prevent the formation of a hernia. I'm sure your doctor will recommend you a set of exercises.
Follow your doctor's instructions and be healthy!