Hormonal women - this is what largely defines her life. It creates the appearance: height, weight, skeletal structure, skin and even hair color.
Interesting fact: Researchers found that the high content of female sex hormones, is also responsible for the work of the reproductive function, dyed hair woman in bright color. That is why men are subconsciously prefer blondes to brunettes.
From hormonal levels also depends on the health ofthe whole body, especially the genitalia. A further effect on hormonal balance mood reaction and eventually the nature of women. For example, the scientists say that the lion's share of divorces for "unknown reasons" actually are due to disorders of the thyroid gland. Women complain headache, Mood swings and irritability. Not to mention the intimate life, the intensity and the quality of which is completely subordinated to the action of hormones.
Hormones and hormones
These biologically active substances producedWomen in many organs, such as heart, liver, brain, fat tissue. But their main producers are the endocrine glands, united in a common endocrine system:
- the adrenal glands;
The glands secrete hormones that are carried by the blood to various organs and affect them, defining the functioning of the whole organism.
There are more than 60 hormone balancethe content of which is called hormonal. Unfortunately, this balance is very fragile and extremely susceptible to the influence of various factors, which include:
- stress (especially long-term);
- viral diseases;
- sleep disturbances;
- heart attacks;
- autoimmune processes;
- violation of weight;
- smoking and drug addiction;
In this article, our site will consider the most common women's diseases caused by hormonal disorders.
Hormonal disorders in puberty
For the first time, face to face, she is faced withhormones over power in a so-called transition period. Dear Mom! Take with attention to their daughters at this difficult time for them. Body girls experiencing physical degeneration of the body of a young woman capable of the birth of a new life. This is not a simple process. And very often at this time of hormonal system gives the first failures, leading to anomalies such as premature sexual development, its delay or absence due to lack or excess of hormones in the body.
Advanced sexual development
It is due to the secretion of a number of violationshormones, including regulating the function of sexual glands. The reason for this becomes chronic infections, frequent colds, birth trauma, intoxication, alcohol and other substances. The most dangerous for the disease between the ages of 12 to 14 years.
Mom should pay attention to nutrition daughterespecially when food intake is increased, but the child still complains of hunger. In addition, you should alert the very rapid growth, the appearance of acne scars not only on the face, but the back, chest. The girl may experience malaise in the form of dizziness, fatigue, possible headaches. The manifestation of secondary sexual characteristics begin early, despite the disruption of the menstrual cycle. Many are concerned with blood pressure problems. There are some terms of psycho-emotional disorders, which in common and called "transitional period". This is usually expressed in the form of unnecessary aggression against the background of a certain depression, tendency to depression, excessive sensitivity to the actions and words of others.
Treatment of the disease begin to decreaseweight (diet, exercise, physical therapy). Be sure to get rid of chronic infections. But sometimes still have to resort to medical treatment that determines a doctor.
It is due to a lack of sex hormonesin the body of a teenager. Mom should start to worry about it when it becomes obvious underdevelopment of the girl's secondary sexual characteristics and menstruation are rare or do not occur in 15-16 years. The reasons are, first of all, the problems of the nervous system (neurosis, severe stress), diseases of the brain (encephalitis, meningitis, trauma, etc.), Inflammatory processes, as well as physical reboot and malnutrition.
Treatment delay puberty in girlsmade sex hormones drugs. Sometimes the cause of the disease can be a violation of weight (obesity or degeneration), which is cured, the delay is eliminated. However, mothers should remember that taking medications can only be prescribed by a doctor - an endocrinologist.
On the sexual development of girls strongly affect normal healthy diet and reasonable exercise. Therefore, mother should closely monitor the diet and daughter not to overload its activities.
In addition to the sexual development of active influence psycho-emotional state. Therefore, and for the prevention and treatment of the complex, it is desirable to add a counseling therapist.
The thyroid gland plays a leading role inwomen's health. At the rate of metabolism affect hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4), secreted by the thyroid gland. A regulation of calcium and phosphorus metabolism is carried out by a hormone released by the parathyroid glands (adjacent to the thyroid).
Unfortunately, the female body the thyroid gland is often the weakest link. According to various sources, thyroid disease, in most cases it is found among women.
In the CIS, thyroid diseases are most susceptible to the inhabitants of Belarus, central and eastern regions of Ukraine, the Central Asian republics and the Caucasus, Siberia, the Urals and Middle Volga.
There are a number of disorders of the thyroid gland, where it is necessary to pay attention to the symptoms.
hypothyroidism - Low thyroid function,which leads to low concentrations of thyroid hormones in the blood. Its causes may be congenital disorders, severe deficiency of iodine, surgery, radiation therapy of tumors.
Symptoms: lethargy, memory impairment, depression, constipation, anemia can occur. The skin becomes dry and edema, hair often fall out and become brittle.
Whatever the cause, hypothyroidism is treatedthyroid hormones. At the same time, drugs that promote liver function, lowering blood fats can be prescribed, and vitamins A and E. are also prescribed.
If hypothyroidism is not treated, it can develophis life-threatening form - hypothyroid coma. It can cause hypothermia, physical trauma, stress, acute respiratory infections, poisoning. In the blood gets very little thyroid hormone responsible for metabolism. And this leads to a strong breach thereof.
Symptoms may appear gradually. One of the first to become weak, swelling and dryness of the skin, slowing of speech, the pressure drop. Then can develop anoxia, cardiac and renal activity. From this kind of coma output only in intensive care, with the use of synthetic hormones and iodine preparations.
thyrotoxicosis - Excessive thyroid function, the most common cause of which is goitre.
Symptoms: nervousness, emotional instability, irritability, tremor. Women are concerned about excessive sweating, a feeling of inner tension, inability to concentrate, difficulty communicating. The main symptom of hyperthyroidism - a tachycardia. The woman starts to look exhausted, she manifested muscle weakness and cramping when walking. Because metabolic disorders often insatiable appetite, but the woman does not get better. There is, however, a nice sign - is that the skin becomes moist and velvety, like a child.
The extreme degree of hyperthyroidism is tireoksicheskaya adenoma - A benign tumor. Its consequence is very high blood thyroid hormones. In women, the disease occurs 4 times more often than men, especially between 40-60 years. Tumor Treatment is carried out either surgically or with radioactive iodine. The latter method is highly effective and at the same time is not expensive.
thyroiditis - Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
a) Subacute thyroiditis - an inflammationthyroid, with destruction of its cells. This is especially common disease among women between 20 and 50 years. As a result of a viral infection thyroid follicles are damaged and broken, resulting in the release of hormones in the blood, and the appearance of hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism who later replaced. Most often the disease begins with discomfort during neck movement and swallowing. Having diagnosed thyroiditis, the doctor prescribes hormones to treat it - prednisolone, dexamethasone, kenakort, metipred (no more than 2 months). The acute form of the disease can occur up to 2 to 6 months, however, subacute thyroiditis if left untreated, it can occur up to two years and, as a result, become chronic!
b) Autoimmune thyroiditis lymphomatoid - thea common disease of the thyroid gland, happening in women 10 times more often than men. And, despite the fact that most of it is fixed between 40 and 50 years, most recently this disease affects more young women and even children.
Autoimmune thyroiditis - This cell damagethyroid antibodies and lymphocytes. The cause of the disease is considered to be hereditary, and provocateur - respiratory viral diseases, chronic respiratory infections, dental caries, radiation.
Autoimmune thyroiditis may not make itself known for a long time. Sometimes unpleasant sensations or slight pains in the thyroid gland, sensations of a coma in the throat when swallowing can sometimes appear.
At the initial stage of the disease can occurhyperthyroidism with the symptoms inherent in it (see. thyrotoxicosis). However, over time, after 5-15 years it is replaced by hypothyroidism, the extent of which increases with decrease in immunity.
Treatment is medicationdrugs only on prescription, and is dependent on the form of the disease. If the thyroid function is enhanced, then appoint tireostatiki that reduce hormone levels in the blood (tiamazol, Mercazolilum), beta-blockers. Besides trying to reduce the amount of antibodies produced by such a drug Voltaren, indomethacin etc. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition, it is necessary to use drugs that increase immunity.
If the thyroid function is reduced, then the treatment consists in taking synthetic thyroid hormones.
This disease has never passes through. But with treatment significantly slows down its progression and possible to achieve long-term remission.
Important! Effective prevention of diseases of the thyroid gland is eating marine products, which are so rich in iodine, and use in everyday life of iodized salt. Residents of remote areas of the seas and oceans, doctors are advised to periodically take iodine-containing drugs, such as "Jodomarin". The main thing, remember that the daily rate of iodine intake - from 100 to 200 micrograms. The uncontrolled use of iodine-containing drugs can adversely affect the functioning of the thyroid gland and, on the contrary, to provoke the above diseases!
This is an increased content of male genitalhormones in the blood of a woman. According to statistics, 5% of women suffer from it, but in practice this percentage is much higher, since women, not knowing the root causes, try to deal with the manifestations of the disease with cosmetics or not pay attention to them at all. In vain! If hyperandrogenism is not treated, its consequences may be, first of all, infertility, inability to bear a child, as well as baldness, cyst formation and the risk of developing diabetes. Therefore, even before the onset of pregnancy problems, attention should be paid to the following symptoms:
- increased growth of hair on the arms, legs, chest, back, the emergence of a mustache and beard;
- Late arrival of menstruation in girls;
- irregular periods - delay alternating with abundant secretions;
- a low tone of voice.
Hyperandrogenism can be inherited,and it may occur due to a tumor of the adrenal glands and ovaries or pathology of other organs of the endocrine system. However, it may not appear without special conditions such as prolonged stress, change of climatic zones, and overload.
If the cause is a tumor, thensurgical treatment. If the disease is caused by other reasons, then, as prescribed by the doctor, therapy is carried out, which depends on the cause and purpose of the treatment. When it is necessary to get rid of the external manifestations of hyperandrogenism, normalize the menstrual cycle and undergo infertility prophylaxis, hormonal contraceptives with antiandrogenic action are prescribed (Yarina, Zhannin, Diane-35, etc.).
In that case, if the pregnancy is planned orit has already occurred, the doctor determines the hormonal program for the whole period of pregnancy (it may be drugs such as metipred, Dexamethasone, Duphaston).
If a woman still managed to have a baby, and better than two, then the hormones are usually normal. Therefore, the birth of children is a peculiar kind of treatment of hyperandrogenism.
Hormonal disorders in menopause
Female menopause is a period of extinction of the reproductivefunctions of the reproductive system, accompanied by violent hormonal changes. The process has been going on for many years - menstrual and reproductive functions are reduced and eventually come to naught. At this time, a woman experiences severe hormonal changes, which can lead to serious consequences. First of all, the production of female sex hormones stops, so the body becomes more male. The result is changes in all organs of the female body.
The most typical manifestations of menopause are“Tides” that may appear after 40 years. This condition lasts from 20 seconds to 3 minutes, during which a strong fever rushes to the face and the entire upper body, there is a strong sweating. Attacks can be aggravated by a feeling of lack of air, a violation of cardiac activity, unmotivated anxiety, etc.
In addition, the climax is accompanied by a lot of troublesymptoms: headaches and dizziness, tremor, insomnia, chronic fatigue. It may be hypothyroidism and diabetes, heart disease and urogenital. Climax always accompanied by disorders of the nervous system, resulting in the woman becomes irritable, tearful, depressed.
there are ways of today,help if not completely get rid of the undesirable manifestations of menopause, you significantly reduce them. The basis for the prevention and treatment is hormonal preparations containing estrogen (female sex hormones). Today, doctors are advised to take them after 40 years. As a rule, appointed by oral contraceptives. At the same time it is imperative to control the levels of hormones in the blood is not less than once a year. Further already appointed special preparations for menopause. The range of therapeutic measures include diet, vitamins and minerals, homeopathic remedies, psychotherapy. In more complex cases, psychotropic drugs or neuroleptics, beta-blockers, kalisodergaszczye drugs parlodel may apply.
The woman can also help yourself in this difficult period for themselves. You should always observe the regime of work and rest, to maintain physical activity, avoid situations, traumatic psyche.
I hope that all of the above clearlyIt shows how much important hormones for women and often for its associates. If the time to pay attention to the symptoms of hormonal imbalance, it is possible to not only avoid complications but also the emergence of many diseases. However, we must remember that the work of the hormone - a very complex and unique system. Therefore, in no case be self-medicate and take hormonal drugs without consultation and monitoring by an endocrinologist.