Already entered into its own new season of colds. Everywhere like aliens roam coughing people with red noses, that and strive to infect us. What prevents them from staying at home and be treated? On this issue, our website does not answer, but tell several ways to cure a cough means available.
What is a cough?
Answer this question and first-grader - dry andwet. The first has long been considered to be more serious, although not entirely justified. The second part indicates the recovery or non-severe cold flow. Try to understand.
Our respiratory system (cough, and "Plant"namely therein) it consists of the nasal cavity, throat (the pharynx), bronchi and lungs. And in case of inflammation in any of these structures are characterized by their own, no matter what do not like a cough. It is treated, respectively, in different ways.
The nose (yes, and because of him, we, too, iscough) is quite sensitive mucous membrane, receiving the first blow of pathogens. Consequently, if the shell has an insufficient protection inflammation develops. Together with him (literally by the hand) are swelling, sneezing and mucus overproduction, which tries to wash away germs. Nasal wash, we still do not like to do, but because the mucus running down the back of the throat. Infectious agents and irritate it. Inflammation gradually "sinks" and developed pharyngitis.
For pharyngitis is characterized by both dry and wetcough. Often he goes pristupoobrazen and if you will have a drink of water and blowing your nose, keeping in mind the nature of the inflammation. Most susceptible to pharyngitis or rhinopharyngitis often ill childrenWho have very weakened local immunity.
Descend below the larynx. Cough with laryngitis (inflammation of the larynx, if literally) "barking", it is difficult to confuse with any other. This distinctive sound is produced due to the fact that affects the vocal cords.
Below is the trachea larynx, respiratorythroat, which is a hollow tube. Tracheitis is rarely isolated, that is often found combined pathology -.. Faringotraheit or bronchitis by the names of the affected organs. Due to the anatomical structure of the trachea cough when "pure" tracheitis can only be dry (sputum simply have nowhere to accumulate), hoarse and sometimes the person who shall communicate to retching. The cough is exhausting, and associates with disapproval look askance at a man on the street, knowing the most severe disease.
Bronchitis - the most common diseaseRespiratory. They hurt so many, so well remembered that at the beginning of the disease cough more often dry, paroxysmal. Gradually it becomes more humid, sputum pathogens leaves the bronchi.
Inflammation of the lungs (or pneumonia) - the mostserious illness of the respiratory system. We will not delve into the intricacies of inflammation, say only that the cough in pneumonia similar to bronhitny. The difference stands out with a total picture of the disease - pneumonia is more severe, general intoxication expressed significantly. The doctor will determine the dullness and sends an X-ray.
Individual attention disorders,which, thanks to vaccination and screening diagnostics in recent decades have become much rarer. This cystic fibrosis, whooping cough and tuberculosis. If you have learned to diagnose cystic fibrosis in the early stages of gestation, the whooping cough and tuberculosis there is a very effective vaccination.
For pertussis is characterized by a dry paroxysmal cough, often accompanied by vomiting, redness and swelling of the face. Characteristic and duration of the disease - from one to six months.
TuberculosisIt has long ceased to apply to socialdiseases for a long time may be asymptomatic. But even the appearance of cough, lung inflammation reminiscent (as affected the same tissue), does not guarantee a rapid diagnosis.
Proper treatment of cough disease according to
The best remedy in treatment of diseases respiratory system will be delivereddirectly to the site of inflammation. Therefore, runny nose (rhinitis) and rhinopharyngitis use drops, sprays and rinses. When rhinitis failed to catch an early stage, it is better to be treated drops and sprays on a greasy basis with plant components. With strong edema and nasal congestion is used vasoconstrictor drugs, but no more than three days. Then change the other.
When pharyngitis if ill adult,It proved to be effective sprays and rinses a variety of antiseptic solutions. When slightly soreness can do furatsilina solution (1 tablet per half a liter of warm water), decoction of chamomile and succession. The main principle - not less than 6 times a day irrigating mucosa or drink after 20-30 minutes. So long as the drug interacts with the area of treatment.
Laryngitis, basically, are certaininfectious character, so to identify the pathogen or make a smear on the flora, or are guided by epidemiological situation in the region at the moment. For several years, constrictive laryngitis and laryngotracheitis diagnosed in a flu epidemic, so that all patients received antiviral drugs. In cases of complications them added antibiotics and prebiotics.
Given the fact that we gradually went down to the trachea and bronchi, where the medicinal products in the form of drops, ointments and sprays will not reach, discovering a new kind of treatment - inhalation.
Tracheitis in mind its anatomical structureany therapy lend themselves poorly, so inhalation with the same antiseptic solutions and even with distilled water to help ease the condition and soften the inflamed mucosa.
Bronchitis and pneumonia we combine into one,because their treatment is in many respects similar. About how best to dilute and remove phlegm talk a little lower, and because of these, at first glance, safe drugs, there are nuances in the application.
If bronchitis occurs without complications, and severe intoxication, the antibiotics are rarely used. However, in the modern rhythm of sitting at home during illness, few people can do, therefore, the use of antibiotics It becomes inevitable. Therefore, once the matter has come to such a method of treatment, the selected drugs penicillin and third-generation cephalosporins.
When pneumonia antibiotics are beginning to usemore frequently, since intoxication is often accompanied by depression of consciousness, and advanced cases are fraught with complications. Selection also falls to penicillin, clavulanic acid is better protected and cephalosporins. Ideal - to make sputum on flora and its sensitivity to antibiotics.
Bronchodilators, mucolytics, bronchodilators
Words, at first glance, is quite complicated forperception. But with a little more detailed analysis it is very, very "useful". In the end, whether the pharmaceutical company knowingly write on all sorts of jars, bottles and boxes of these words. Write to us, and to understand this need.
Bronchodilators reduce the spasm of the bronchi and bronchioles. Therefore, their use is justified at a wet cough, when the overproduction of mucus (sputum) is already there and we just have to bring it.
Mucolytics thin the mucus and make it easier to cough.
Bronchodilators expand the lumen of the bronchi, reduce their spasm. The most common bronchodilators used in the asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (for example in smokers). Drugs in this group complement expectorant various pills and potions as sputum viscous and difficult to separate.
Drugs that inhibit the cough center
It is not ignorant medicine with codeine - opium alkaloid acting on the central nervous system. More precisely, on the cough center, located in the medulla oblongata.
The action is to suppress codeinecough reflex and minor respiratory depression. But expect from codeine any miracles is not necessary. Yes, he is for a while will reduce the frequency of cough, but during this period in the bronchi have time to accumulate a large amount of phlegm. Add to this the fact that during the diseases of the lower respiratory tract and so the body does not receive enough oxygen. Codeine further reduces ventilation and patients experience a real shortage of air.
Especially to be unjustified use of codeine preparations with muko- or bronchodilators. Diluting phlegm, you simply do not give it to withdraw.
Thus, to mention a group of drugs it was necessary, but the need for their use is highly questionable.
The drugs of plant origin
Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly added tovarious medicine plant extracts having muko- or bronchodilator effect. Their position on the one hand, is correct - we subconsciously trust more natural means and not synthesize the compound. But in trying to not harm the body "chemistry", it is important to remember that:
- plant extracts requires accumulation in the body and begin to act immediately. Therefore, if you decide to "stand up" for a day or two, "national" means it is better not to choose;
- despite the rapid development of science, some medicinal plants are still little studied. Yes, they help when you cough, but where is the guarantee that they do not inhibit any other authority;
- plants will help only if theygrown on "safe", environmentally clean area. Such large-scale land Russia, of course, can boast. But along with this, some manufacturers are suitable for the cultivation of raw materials is very serious.
A good expectorant have extracts of liquorice, Thermopsis, marshmallow, and so on. D.
I deliberately did not write about asthma,status asthmaticus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and occupational disease (silicosis, pneumoconioses and so on. d.). All of them do not belong to infectious fully, although relapses and are associated directly with the agent.
The most important thing in the treatment of any acute disease of the respiratory system - a deliberate and well-considered approach to its treatment.