preeclampsia pregnant

For most women, morning sickness safelypasses to the 15th week of pregnancy, leaving little consequence. But there is another, more difficult and dangerous for both the pregnant woman and the fetus, the form - preeclampsia. Developing in the second half of pregnancy, preeclampsia violates the physiological flow of power processes of growth and development of the fetus.

Our website already talked about one of the complications in early pregnancy - toxicosis. For most women, it is pathologicalable to safely pass to the 15th week of pregnancy, leaving little consequence. But there is another, more difficult and dangerous for both the pregnant woman and the fetus, the form - preeclampsia. Developing in the second half of pregnancy, preeclampsia violates the physiological flow of power processes of growth and development of the fetus and often contributes to premature birth.

Early symptoms of preeclampsia

Measurement of blood pressure in pregnant
Their release is not in vain. The first suspect is not entirely physiologic course of pregnancy should be a gynecologist. Secondly, the woman, with any variations in health status prior to pregnancy should be doubly serious about yourself during this important period of life.

Thus, during each visit to the gynecologistwoman weighed, measured blood pressure and check the results of urine and blood. This is - quick, but very important steps of monitoring the overall health of the pregnant woman. Because preeclampsia has three main symptoms: persistently elevated blood pressure (BP), the presence of large amounts of protein in the urine and swelling. And if the latter is a manifestation of many tend to refer to venous insufficiency or diseases of the cardiovascular system, ignore high blood pressure or protein has not come out in the urine (proteinuria).

The state of health of women first slightly broken: dizziness, headaches, and even thirst, it can be attributed to the stuffy office space, after maternity leave begins only 30 weeks of pregnancy. Gradually, in the absence of medical assistance,the condition may worsen. Often women complain about the decrease in fetal activity - in the second half of pregnancy perturbations must be sufficiently distinct.

confirmation of the diagnosis

As such proof is not required - for themselvesthemselves and say "bad" urine protein content of up to a few grams (normally the amount should not exceed 0.033 g / l), and the deterioration of the general condition of the pregnant woman, and the systolic blood pressure to 150 mm. Hg. Art.

If the first half of pregnancy, a womansuffered a pronounced toxicity, the gynecologist alertness is maintained in the second half, since he is the main harbinger of preeclampsia.

In obstetric practice observed that gestosis often develops in pregnant large fruit, with polyhydramnios or multiple pregnancy.

Degrees of severity of preeclampsia

preeclampsia pregnant
Physicians, in turn, identify several levels of severity of preeclampsia for faster diagnosis of the state of progression.

1st severity or light preeclampsia manifested nephropathy 1st degree and quickly passes - 2-3 weeks. However, treatment in the department of pathology of pregnancy has not been canceled.

2nd severity can last up to a month, evidentnephropathy 2nd degree and significantly threatens the fetus state. Treatment also is held under the supervision of department of pathology of pregnancy. And doctors decide on the possibility and necessity of preservation of pregnancy or emergency delivery.

Progressive preeclampsia does not leave the possibility of further childbearing and is a direct indication for rapid delivery.

With the development of preeclampsia nephrotic syndrome is expressed very vividly, as a woman in need of immediate hospitalization, followed by delivery.

Eclampsia - the most serious condition,developing quite quickly and directly threatens the life of the pregnant woman. Its main manifestation - convulsions, accompanied by a multi-organ failure (liver, kidney, brain), or lack of a single system. Naturally, doctors will try to save the life of the woman herself, so delivery is in this case is part of resuscitation.

As such proof is not required - for themselvesthemselves and say "bad" urine protein content of up to a few grams (normally the amount should not exceed 0,033g / l), and the deterioration of the general condition of the pregnant woman, and the systolic blood pressure to 150 mm Hg. Art.

If the first half of pregnancy, a womansuffered a pronounced toxicity, the gynecologist alertness is maintained in the second half, since he is the main harbinger of preeclampsia.

In obstetric practice observed that gestosis often develops in pregnant large fruit, with polyhydramnios or multiple pregnancy.

be on the alert

Pregnant woman at the doctor
A more in-depth knowledge about the process of formation and development of preeclampsia pregnant woman does not need. It is more important to prevent this terrible pathology.

We have already talked about the inherent stages of examination at the time of pregnancy in female consultation. Now let's discuss them in more detail.

1. Have you had prior to pregnancy "jumps" or meteopatiya pressure (dependent on the health of the weather)? If this was the place to be, then during pregnancy, preeclampsia mild you can safely be attributed to weather disasters and to pass the time of formation of the pathology. therefore blood pressure measurement and its fixation - important components of yourhealth. For easy evaluation of your level of pressure MirSovetov suggests using the formula: mean = BP (SBP + 2DAD) / 3, where SBP - systolic (top) blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure - diastolic blood pressure.

Normally, in healthy pregnant women the mean arterial pressure is less than 100 mm Hg. Art. Its increase of more than 10 mm Hg. Art. It shows the development of pathology.

2. If you are in the months of pregnancy added to 8 kg, and a week later realized that you can not fasten any clothes, do not rush to draw conclusions about the sudden growth of the fetus. Carefully inspect your feet (or resort to the help of her husband, or girlfriend). Visible if small veins on the instep? If they are not distinguishable, and his feet are like cushions, refer to the gynecologist and start to conduct a second blog (first - blood pressure). It is necessary to reflect the number of drunk of fluid per day and the amount of urine.












Time Drunk / eaten Emphasis urine
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Interpret the results as follows: the amount of fluid you drink should exceed the amount of urine is not more than one-tenth. The significant difference with a margin amount of fluid you drink points to hidden edema and renal failure.

3. Do you have good vision? If you've never suffered from myopia,farsightedness or other diseases of the visual apparatus, the deterioration of vision (usually gradual) is a sign of pathology of the fundus. In the initial stages of the changes in the fundus are insignificant, but gradually develops angiopathy and retinal edema (early preeclampsia).

Special ophthalmoscopic studyIt is carried out to diagnose the state of intracranial vessels and reveals pathology localized in the fundus. Therefore, your vision should be given sufficient attention.

In addition to these most common ways to identify and control the flow of preeclampsia, there are other methods of laboratory research.

Biochemical analysis of blood can tell a lot about the state of the body of a pregnant woman. For example, to diagnose the severity of preeclampsia determine protein composition blood plasma (Because the protein is lost in the urine in large quantities). To do biochemical analysis of blood is often not recommended, but if possible, the specified time is better not to miss.

Many women still causes angerthe fact that obstetricians seek emergency rescue first the mother and then later her child. In situations where pre-eclampsia or eclampsia develops rapidly, the result is regarded as a provocation, so delivery is acting as a first phase of the emergency. But this does not mean that in an attempt to rescue the woman in childbirth, doctors forget about her child. Immediately after birth the baby is transferred experienced neonatologists and gets proper care, attention and, if necessary, treatment.

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