Diet Menu №5

In 1920, a physician Pevzner developedFifteen medical supply systems, each of which was intended for the treatment of certain diseases. Despite the fact that since then, it has been almost a century, these diets are still successfully used to treat certain diseases.

Diet №5 is a special systempower, which is used as a component of the treatment of diseases of the liver and biliary tract. Specifically, the diets used in the treatment of diseases such as chronic hepatitis, cholelithiasis, cholecystitis in remission, as well as acute cholecystitis and hepatitis during the recovery period. This diet will also be useful after a complicated surgery to remove the gallbladder. In addition, the diet prescribed for №5 cirrhosis of the liverAs well as in all cases where patients do not have associated gastric and intestinal diseases.

diet Basics

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This medical supply system presupposeseating certain foods, which we discuss in the next section of this article. In the diet number 5, there are also certain recommendations for cooking. This diet allows you to normalize the functioning of the liver and biliary tract. Furthermore, by this gentle regulated diet fat and cholesterol exchanges. This diet stimulates the flow of bile, the motor function of the intestine and the accumulation of glycogen in the liver.

The number of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the diet menu№5 it depends on the body's needs. During this diet products are excluded, which may cause increased secretion and gastric secretion in the pancreas. These foods include foods rich in essential oils. Also from the diet all refractory fats should be eliminated, dishes that are rich in cholesterol, and all fried food. In addition, the diet of the patient is necessary to exclude products of the oxidation of fats, which are normally formed during the preparation of fried foods. In the food are encouraged to include more fruits and vegetables, which stimulate the flow of bile and the withdrawal of excess bad cholesterol.

Daily calorie diet menu is №5about 2200-2500 calories. In this case, the diet contains approximately 80-90 grams of fat and protein, as well as about 300-350 grams of carbohydrates. The food is recommended to take only in the form of heat. Too hot and cold food are excluded.

Dishes are prepared with this diet, usuallyIt contains a lot of pectin, liquid, lipotropic substances and useful for digestion of dietary fiber. The food in the diet is usually taken in small portions 5-6 times a day. At the same time all the meals are prepared mainly with the help of cooking or baking. Sometimes allowed cooking using extinguishing. When cooking carrots, onions, flour, is generally not subjected to roasting. With regard to the sinewy meat and vegetables that are rich in fiber, these products are generally crushed before use and fray.

Approved products

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Prohibited bakery products duringThis diet includes fried cakes, pastry products, and very fresh bread. From soups are forbidden to eat any meat, mushroom soups. It is forbidden to include in the diet of fish broth soups. Excluded are all sorts of fatty meat, duck meat, goose meat and various byproducts, such as the brain, liver and kidneys. In addition, prohibited to eat fatty fish. It is also banned in the diet №5 any smoked and canned.

In addition, patients are highly discouraged.consume lard and cooking fats. Of greens, spinach, radish, sorrel, radish and green onions are prohibited. As for eggs, they are forbidden to be fried and cooked (hard-boiled). Any pickled vegetables and caviar are also prohibited. Of spices banned mustard, horseradish and pepper. Of berries and fruits, it is forbidden to include everything sour in the menu. In addition, it is not allowed to eat chocolate, ice cream. Black coffee, any cold drinks and cocoa are forbidden from drinks. Under strict ban any alcoholic beverages. Bean cultures and sweets are also prohibited. As for salt, its daily norm for diet No. 5 is approximately 10 grams per day.

List of authorized products and practicespreparation and a list of prohibited products depend on the particular disease. Therefore, a diet №5 developed some varieties that are used under special conditions. tell more about it.

Diet №5a

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This kind of diet for the treatment of acute cholecystitis and hepatitis. In addition, this diet is used in the exacerbation of chronic hepatitis, as well as exacerbation cholelithiasis. This diet is characterized by a moderate limitation infood salt and organic fat. Also in compliance with this diet is necessary to avoid chemical and mechanical stimuli and gastrointestinal mucosal receptors. Unlike diet number 5 this diet contains in its daily ration less fat. Thus, in the daily diet diet №5a contains 70-80 grams of fat. However, proteins and carbohydrate content remains the same, ie. E. 80-90 grams of protein and 300-350 grams of carbohydrate. If a patient in the presence of a pronounced dyspeptic syndrome, the amount of fat is reduced to 50 grams a day. All other recommendations are almost identical diet №5.

Diet №5p

The indications for the use of the diet is a chronic №5p pancreatitis during the recovery period. With this diet the patient's daily diet contains 80 grams of protein, 200 grams of carbs and 40-60 grams of fat. This daily rate of free liquid is 1.5-2 liters, and the daily salt intake is around 8-10 grams. All other recommendations are almost identical diet number 5.

Diet №5sch

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This diet is prescribed forpostcholecystectomy syndrome during the acute stage. In the daily diet of the patient will keep about 60 grams of fat, 90 grams of protein and 300 grams of carbohydrates. The daily rate of salt in this case is only 6 grams.

Diet №5l / w

This diet is also called lipotropic fatdiet. The indication for this diet are chronic liver diseases, which are characterized by stagnation of bile. In the daily diet ration contained approximately 110 grams of fat, 90 grams protein, and 350 grams of carbohydrate. As you can see, this diet is characterized by high fat diet. The daily rate of salt is about 8 grams.

Diet №5r

Indication for the use of diet No. 5p is as followscalled dumping syndrome, which appears after surgery on the stomach due to peptic ulcer. The daily diet of patients with this food system contains 90 grams of fat, 120 grams of protein and 400 grams of carbohydrates. The daily norm of table salt is 8 grams. With this diet, patients should eat small meals every 2.5-3 hours. It is especially strongly recommended to adhere to this diet in the first year after the operation. After eating, it is recommended to lie down for half an hour.

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