The heart is one of the most important organshuman. Every day, it pumps 8,000 gallons of blood and performs about 100,000 cuts. In addition, the sensitivity of the heart to all the internal and external changes going on with a person. No wonder that in this case is very easy to disrupt the work of this important body.
Arrhythmia and its symptoms
Cardiac arrhythmia - a disorder of rhythm frequencyor a sequence of heart contractions. Usually a person at rest feel a faint heartbeat, but does not feel his rhythm. When a person feels the same arrhythmia obvious faults in his work. It may be harsh fading fast or chaotic contractions. The disease can occur as a consequence of previous heart disease after infectious processes in hormonal background or because of congenital defects. our website warns that from an arrhythmia can not be insured, even a healthy person. Because the disease may be a result of not only medical problems but also occur as a result of emotional, mental stress or loads. And they may experience any person and in large quantities throughout his life. Arrhythmia is also the companion of people with diseases of the central nervous system.
The main symptoms of arrhythmia include:
- weakness, fatigue and dizziness;
- pressure and pain in the chest;
- the appearance of shortness of breath or rapid breathing;
- fainting and loss of consciousness.
Types and causes of arrhythmias
Depending on heart rhythm disorders can distinguish several varieties of arrhythmia.
tachycardia called the increase in heart rate greater than 90 beats per minute. Tachycardia has many varieties. The main ones are:
- Physiological (sinus) tachycardia -palpitations to 120-200 beats per minute, which mainly occurs in the form of attacks. It can occur in healthy people and occurs as a result of physical or emotional stress. After termination of their heart rate returns to normal. Also, the disease may be caused by such heart diseases like heart disease, heart failure, etc .;
- Pathological (paroxysmal) tachycardiaIt appears as a sharp palpitations to 130-200 beats per minute. Usually attack as abruptly ends as it starts. The duration of the attack can last from a few minutes to several days. Such attacks primarily occur in people with heart diseases, central nervous system and others.
bradycardia - A slowdown in the adult human heart less60 beats per minute. Such a dangerous heart rhythm that the low level circulation of the internal organs has a negative impact on the whole organism. The main symptoms of bradycardia are a feeling of weakness, fatigue, heart pain, dizziness, and even complete loss of consciousness. Bradycardia can occur with nervousness, endocrine diseases, elevated levels of potassium in the blood, in the pathology of the digestive system, etc.
extrasystole - A violation of cardiac activity, whichis premature reduction of the heart or of its individual parts. The main symptoms - a "sinking of the heart", weakness and dizziness. This type of cardiac arrhythmia is the most common among the others. Beats may occur not only as a result of heart disease, but also as a result of improper functioning of other organs. This may be irregularities in the gastrointestinal tract, urogenital system, etc. A frequent cause of occurrence of arrhythmia may be the impact of tobacco, caffeine, alcohol, as well as stressful situations.
at atrial fibrillation there is a chaotic contraction of the atria. As a result of this work is extremely inefficient heart ejects blood, which leads to disruption of the entire circulatory system. Atrial fibrillation is manifested as a feeling of irregular heart rate. shortness of breath may be the result of poor circulation, fatigue, etc. Sometimes the patient may not even feel it, and the identification takes place only when the routine inspection. Common causes of atrial fibrillation are congenital heart disease, low levels of potassium in the blood, heart failure or hypertension. The reason may be even incorrect functioning of the thyroid gland.
In 1992, Bush Sr. during a dinner at the Prime MinisterJapan lost consciousness and fell under the table precisely because of heart problems. Subsequently, American cardiologists found he had an increased level of thyroid hormones, which became one of the causes of fainting.
The most common way to diagnosearrhythmias are all familiar electrocardiograph. Many will remember this device due to the large number of cold-suckers sensors, which are attached to the patient's body. This instrument builds cardiogram - a graphical representation of the electrical impulses that cause the heart to contract. Next on cardiogram doctor establishes a diagnosis of a human.
Electrocardiogram assigned almostall cases, suspicions or complaints of malfunction of the heart, as this method of diagnosis allows for a short period to gather a lot of information for the purpose of diagnosis or further study.
In fact, this type of diagnosis isprevious development. But in this case it is carried out daily monitoring of the work of the heart. To do this, the patient strengthens all the same sensors that are connected to a small recorder that continuously records the heart electrocardiogram. Next, a special program detects abnormalities in heart rhythm that allows you to put accurately diagnosed.
Holter monitoring is usually prescribed inin those cases when the patient has very frequent deterioration of health, but in the clinical period they cannot be identified. This diagnostic method can help people who are suddenly losing consciousness, since heart rhythm disturbance can be just one of the reasons. Also, XM is prescribed to people who have recently suffered myocardial infarction, to identify and predict life-threatening disorders in the work of the heart. In addition, XM can be prescribed in the form of prophylactic monitoring of the patient or to assess the quality of the treatment.
With this type of research is carried out postelectrical potentials directly from the internal surface of the heart. The patient through a vein into the heart introduce special sensors that register the electrical potentials directly from the heart chambers.
Electrophysiological examination is appointed inWhen conventional methods of research do not allow an accurate diagnosis or to collect additional information in the case of complex heart diseases.
That first of all, our site has to sayappearance of arrhythmias may be symptomatic of other diseases not only cardiovascular. Therefore, when the first symptoms is recommended to immediately seek the advice of a doctor.
Very often requires no tachycardiaany treatment. Patients are encouraged as much as possible to relax and give up bad habits, which in addition to smoking and alcohol also includes coffee, strong tea, cola-cola, chocolate and other delights of the sweet life. From publicly available drugs can be recommended valerian tincture or Corvalol. But sometimes it may be necessary and medication, which has the right to appoint a doctor. The patient may be prescribed drugs such as lidocaine, verapamil, ritmilen, propranolol, etmozin or digoxin.
As a treat you can try and folkways. To do this, prepare a mixture of one liter of lemon juice and half a liter of mineral water. Take it needs one glass 3 times a day after meals. You can help treat magnesium intake. In addition to vitamins can be obtained from foods such as peanuts, white beans, rice and cocoa powder.
In the treatment of bradycardia, manyfactors. If the severity of the disease is small, in such cases, and treatment as such is not required. In addition, bradycardia can be observed against the background of pathologies in the work of the heart muscle (myocardium), with the appropriate treatment of which the symptoms of bradycardia disappear.
With a decrease in heart rate up to 50strikes and below (which is a serious threat to human life) is required medical treatment. For the treatment of bradycardia prescribed drugs such as atropine, alupent, atenolol or aminophylline. In no case is not recommended to use these tools yourself. These drugs are capable to lead to the emergence of arrhythmia, and therefore should be taken only by prescription and under medical supervision.
In severe cases, the patient produces implantationpacemaker. The main task of the unit is to increase the number of heartbeats to their normal values. Increased heart rate is due to the electronic impulses sent by the pacemaker. The device itself is implanted underneath the pectoralis major muscle and the electrodes connected to it are installed inside the heart chambers. Modes of operation of the pacemaker installed using a special programmer.
Depending on the case treatmentarrhythmia may be different. In the case of diseases of the nervous system to a patient-anxiety drugs are appointed or recommended to seek help from a therapist. If the cause of the disease are disease other organs, attention should be paid to itthem. Patients suffering from arrythmia, is not recommended to drink alcohol, cigarettes, strong tea and coffee. For the treatment of diseases can be administered drugs such as beta-blockers (propranolol, pindolol, oxprenolol, metoprolol, atenolol, talinolol), as well as in combination with, or as separate preparations - amiodarone and sotalol. The choice of antiarrhythmic drug is quite complicated, so the effectiveness of the treatment is often monitored by Holter monitoring. If the patient's condition does not improve, the treatment method is changed to another.
To restore the heart rate are usedvarious antiarrhythmic drugs in different combinations (amiodarone, quinidine, disopyramide, VFS, propafenone, etatsizin, sotalol, etc.), drugs are selected in each case by the attending physician.
If medicinal techniques do not provide adequateeffect, can be applied electric cardioversion. The purpose of this procedure is to restore normal heart rhythm by means of special electrical discharges are delivered to the heart.
There is an outer and inner varietycardioversion. When conducting external cardioversion, electrodes are installed on the patient's chest, through which electrical impulses are applied. With internal cardioversion, pulses are supplied directly to the heart using electrodes that are fed through the veins. To prevent the patient from experiencing discomfort, cardio weighing is usually performed under general anesthesia. The procedure is quite effective and normal heartbeat returns to 9 out of 10 patients. However, statistics show that after a year the disease reappears in half of the recovered patients.
In some severe cases, asurgical intervention. As a rule, the decision about the necessity of the operation shall be made only in the presence of other serious violations of the heart.
Prevention of disease
The development of arrhythmias, and other cardiac diseases, depends on the person's lifestyle.
To catch this disease smoking peoplehave very thoroughly think about to quit this habit. According to statistics, the development of heart disease in smokers are 2-6 times higher than in non-smokers.
Permanent active lifestyle will not only reducerisk of heart disease, but also strengthen the body as a whole. Exercise, follow the exercise and try to move as much as possible, especially in sedentary work. Long walks in the fresh air also will benefit.
Pay attention to food consumption. If a cup of coffee in the morning and a sandwich at lunch this is your daily diet, it should be changed as soon as possible. Increase consumption of fruits and vegetables, while from fatty and fried foods should be avoided. Drinking coffee and alcohol in large quantities as not conducive to the good work of the heart.
Practically in most types of arrhythmia is the cause of the disease nervous breakdown system. Constant stress, quarrels and depression in a very short time can undermine human health and cause heart disease. In such a situation it is difficult to give any advice, but the main thing to remember is that health is one of the most important things that a person has. A special risk group is children of school age, especially girls. Unrequited love can lead to nocturnal insomnia, constant irritability and depression. As a result, cardiac arrhythmia can develop in a very short period of time. To prevent this from happening, our site recommends that parents be extremely careful about their children during this difficult period for them.
In medical practice, there was a case whena young man, after the deterioration of relations with his beloved heart arrhythmia occurred and why, after almost every argument he had to go to the doctor. However, when the relationship is improving, the health restored again. After receiving another doctor had to prescribe a joking reference to his girlfriend that the patient categorically counter-argument.