Electrotherapy: types and principles of treatment

Sometimes it happens that the doctor, in addition to the tablets,injections, ointments, prescribes a patient who came to him for help, physiotherapy appointment. There are people who question - whether it is necessary to attend the clinic every day to carry out just such procedures, whether or not they help?

Physiotherapy can be called an integral part ofa holistic approach to treatment and rehabilitation of patients suffering from various illnesses (including chronic) who underwent trauma. For many of these procedures are useful, effective, promote rapid recovery, alleviate pain, prevent recurrence of the disease. At the moment in the arsenal of physicians have good techniques, which allow the use of the familiar electric current as a healing force for us. These therapies include: electric, UHF-effects, electrophoresis, and other darsonvalization. The very name "physiotherapy" suggests that a patient will be affected by natural or other physical factors, artificially created. These factors, as it were cheering authorities, forcing them to work more actively, and it helps to restore health. These factors include the magnetic field, infrared and ultraviolet radiation, mud, climate, water, electricity.


darsonvalization, diadynamic, VHF therapy, physiotherapy, electric, electrophoresis

In the early twentieth century, electricity wasused for therapeutic purposes. The founders of these useful innovation was Luigi Galvani, Faraday, Duchesne, D'Arsonval. At the heart of electrotherapy is the impact of electric currents, magnetic (or electromagnetic) fields in a certain dose. The main difference between applied current electrotherapy techniques from each other is the use of certain types of current (AC or nature) of different voltage, frequency and power. Everything is prepared individually, including the duration of the course. And now our site will acquaint readers with the most common procedures relating to electrotherapy.


darsonvalization, diadynamic, VHF therapy, physiotherapy, electric, electrophoresis

The method involves the use of diadynamiccurrents for rehabilitation, treatment and prevention of diseases in patients. There are other names familiar to many - Bernard currents DDT. The method allows to stimulate the metabolism in tissues, relieve pain. Among other positive effects:

  • improving the supply of tissues with nutrients;
  • removal of edema;
  • weakening the inflammatory process;
  • Removing spasm;
  • normalization of the endocrine glands.

Most often, patients go on such proceduressuffering neuritis, sciatica, neuralgia, arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis, adhesions in the abdominal cavity, injuries, gynecological inflammation. DDT helps restore joint mobility, reduce scarring. During the session, the patient lies. The nurse places on the sick areas of the electrodes. Dosing current help prokladochki soaked in water. The patient should feel a clear vibration. Depending on the disease experience lasts from two to ten minutes, the course includes a minimum 5 procedures, the maximum - 20.

VHF therapy

darsonvalization, diadynamic, VHF therapy, physiotherapy, electric, electrophoresis

The essence of this method lies in the fact thatthe body affects the field of ultra-high frequency supplied to the patient using a condenser platelets. A more famous name - UHF-therapy, deciphering: ultrahigh-frequency therapy. During the procedure succeeds:

  • relax the bronchial walls;
  • reduce the secretory activity of the bronchial glands;
  • enhance bile secretion and stimulate gastric secretion and motility.

Before the procedure is necessary to remove chain pins,other metal elements. The session should last no more than ten minutes. Fine clothes, plaster or bandage treatment do not interfere. Electrodes must be placed with an air gap parallel to the body of the patient. It has done from five to ten treatments. In the same area for more than two courses a year can not be carried out.

UHF-therapy is indicated for:

  • otitis, Sore throat;
  • carbuncles, boils;
  • trophic ulcers;
  • trauma injuries of the musculoskeletal system;
  • bronchial asthma, rheumatoid arthritis.


darsonvalization, diadynamic, VHF therapy, physiotherapy, electric, electrophoresis

Such a method was developed by D’Arsonval, a physiologist fromFrance. The basis is the impact during treatment with pulsed high-frequency electric currents on certain areas of the body. The voltage is also high, but the strength is small. The technique has found application in cosmetology. Thanks to it, the appearance and condition of the skin is significantly improved, wrinkles, hair loss, sagging, swelling are prevented. Darsonvalization is recommended for:

For information on how the procedure is carried out, which electrodes are used, our website has already reported in detail our dear readers to the detailed article "Darsonvalization".

General contraindications to treatment

darsonvalization, diadynamic, VHF therapy, physiotherapy, electric, electrophoresis

To electrotherapy brought no harm, you should know when her views are contraindicated, are those diseases and conditions, such as:

  • epilepsy;
  • tuberculosis in an active form;
  • vein thrombosis;
  • neoplasms detected in all tissues and organs;
  • blood diseases;
  • pregnancy;
  • severe heart disease, blood vessels, an implanted artificial heart rhythm driver;
  • heat;
  • severe renal or hepatic impairment;
  • bone fractures, when there are uncommitted debris;
  • idiosyncrasy procedures.

I have every single type of treatmentcurrent and its contraindications. So if you have a chronic disease, consult a physiotherapist before you start treatment. We add that if during the passage of physiotherapy you do such surveys as MRICT, X-rays, vaccinations, it is better to refrain from the session that day, notifying the employee physiotherapy.

Leave a reply