Gastal, instruction manual

Heartburn ... With these words associated discomfort: burning sensation in the upper abdomen and chest. It appears in the morning, when people still did not eat anything or immediately after a meal.

Sometimes, heartburn suddenly comes when you lie quietly onsoft sofa and watch a spectacular film on the story, exasperated at the crucial moment, or constantly tormented during the day, when you are traveling away from home. And these symptoms bothers really spoil the mood. In such cases it may be life-saving emergency assistance Gastal. From the article, you'll learn how the drug, how to apply it to all if you can do it?

Gustav, heartburn drugs

Why there is heartburn?

When you feel heartburn, it means thatin the body, the sphincter of the esophagus, that is, the circular muscle located in its lower part, relaxed. Therefore, a portion of acid juice produced by the glands of the stomach rushed up from the stomach. And the mucous membrane of the esophagus, completely unaccustomed to exist in such an environment uncomfortable for it, is irritated and gives a burning sensation. our site will name the most common causes of heartburn:

  • some ingested foods (citrus, coffee, sour fruits and berries, chocolate, tomatoes, carbonated water;
  • overeating and obesity;
  • some medications - Nitroglycerin, Nitrosorbid, Nifedipine, amlodipine, antidepressants;
  • Pregnancy - the uterus is constantly growing and raises up the stomach;
  • smoking, alcohol in excessive amounts;
  • diseases of the digestive system (ulcers, gastritisReflux, pancreatitis).

General information about the preparation

Gustav, heartburn drugs

Gastal discharged as white (or slightlyValium) tablets with a smooth surface and risochkoy middle. They have mint or cherry flavor and intended for sucking. Blister includes six tablets. The package typically 60, 30 or 12 tablets. As an active (existing) substances are:

  • aluminum hydroxide gel, magnesium carbonate;
  • magnesium hydroxide.

The auxiliary substances are taken as: mannitol, lactose monohydrate, sorbitol, corn starch, sodium cyclamate, talc, sodium saccharinate, magnesium stearate, flavoring, cherry flavoring, or mint.

It refers to the preparation of antacids (used to neutralize the hydrochloric acid).

pharmachologic effect

A combination drug that can eliminateincreased acidity and the resulting disturbances in the functions and functioning of the stomach. The first component reduces acidity to normal, establishing digestion. And magnesium carbonate immediately exhibits neutralizing properties, prolonging the antacid effect. Gastal's tablet immediately begins to relieve unpleasant symptoms in the stomach, the action lasts about two hours. In this case, the action of isolecithin, pepsin and bile acids is suppressed.

It has been proved that if an antacid containing aluminumhydroxide, then amplified and regenerative protective mechanisms of gastric mucosa tissue. If there is damage, it accumulates in these areas of epidermal growth factors and other substances necessary for the healing. While the mechanism of this process is not fully understood. After conducted the "work" component of the drug is not absorbed and excreted in the feces.

When can I take Gastal?

The drug is recommended for all conditions involving heartburn. It can be:

  • hyperacidity gastritis;
  • erosive processes in the gastric mucosa;
  • reflux esophagitis (esophageal disease associated with the release, reflux of stomach acid environment in its cavity);
  • ulcerative processes in the stomach and intestines;
  • acute pancreatitis;
  • diaphragmatic hernia;
  • dyspepsia, when long delayed food in the stomach.

Does the undesirable effects of the drug?

Side effects while taking the drug are extremely rare. And yet we warn the readers about them. It can be:


  • severe forms of renal failure;
  • hypophosphatemia;
  • Alzheimer's disease;
  • lactose intolerance, lactase deficiency in the body;
  • hypersensitivity to the components included in the tablet;
  • if a child under six years of age.

Pregnant women can take Gastal only with the permission and under the supervision of your doctor.

How to apply Gastal?

do not need to swallow tablets, it should be slowlydissolve in the oral cavity. The day allowed to take up to 8 tablets, the number of techniques can be from 2 to 4. When heartburn reception is carried out regardless of whether a person ate. But the treatment of diseases of the digestive system, it is desirable to use the drug, an hour after the last meal and bedtime. Babies single dose reduced by half if they are between the ages of six and twelve years.

special instructions

If you are taking Gastal every day, continuous course should not be more than 14 days.

In case of exceeding the recommended doses physician, possible overdose and adverse effects, which we mentioned above.

If you take other medicines more thenconsult your doctor exactly when to take them, it is possible to combine them with Gastalom because there are drugs that are incompatible with antacids. In addition, Gastal may enhance their therapeutic properties, or, conversely, slow down. For example, while the reception Tetracycline, a complex is formed, which is very poorly absorbed.

Gastal reduces the therapeutic properties of the following drugs:

  • Indomethacin, aspirin, naproxen,
  • cardiac glycosides;
  • iron preparations and some vitamins (A, K, E, D);
  • Ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, doxycycline;
  • Captopril, metoprolol;
  • Chlorpromazine, barbiturates, anticoagulants.

All of these drugs should be taken one hour before it will take Gastal or two hours after the resorption of the antacid.

But the effect of Levodopa or nalidixic acid Gastal significantly increases, this should be considered suffering from Parkinson's disease.

If a person has less than fifty kilograms of weight, the dose should be reduced.

Drivers or people of other professions whose work is related to the mechanisms of the drug is not to be feared.

Keep Gastal can be three years from the date of the release, which is available on the package, observing the usual storage conditions, do not forget that your first aid kit should be available for the kids.

The drug is available in pharmacies withoutpresenting a prescription. Remember that this drug only relieves heartburn attacks. If it has become your constant companion, you should see a gastroenterologist or physician. After all, heartburn can be a sign of serious illness, such as developing gastritis, ulcers or cancer of the esophagus. Visit your doctor, who will appoint a number of studies, in time to start the right treatment and prevent serious illnesses.

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