In order to protect yourself from this ailment, you need to know that it represents. In this article, our website will tell readers about the causes, symptoms and prevention of altitude sickness.
What is altitude sickness?
This disease occurs in the highareas with thin air. Are at risk climbers and geologists at the rise to a great height, as well as everyone who comes into the mountains, and have not yet passed the period of adaptation. The development of this condition is associated with reduced oxygen partial pressure in the air consumed by the body. Physical exhaustion, dehydration, Cooling and temperature changes along with hypoxia contribute to the emergence of the disease and aggravate its course.
As there is altitude sickness?
The main cause of the disease state is hypoxia. There it is due to the fact that the airpressure and oxygen concentration in the air decreases as the altitude. In response, some changes occur in the human body. Breathing becomes more frequent and severe, because of which the disturbed balance of gases in the lungs and blood. For this reason, the acidity decreases blood occurs maldistribution of sodium and potassium salts in the tissues.
On the development of altitude sickness affects not onlyhigh altitude, but the pace of recovery. If the person is less than 2000 m above sea level, no change in his condition is not observed, but with the rapid lifting to a height of 2500-3000 m health begins to deteriorate. acclimation period also varies across the range. To the heights below 3000 m you can get used to a few days, climbing above that line may require a few weeks to adapt.
Factors affecting mountain sickness
The disease has a rapid onset,it develops gradually. Typically, it comprises four stages, each of which is characterized by its symptoms. Let's examine each of the stages of altitude sickness:
- Easy step begins to appear at the height of 3000-4000 meters Here one notices the following symptoms.:
- loss of appetite and a feeling nausea;
- pressure increase, characterized by tinnitus, or the appearance of the points in front of his eyes;
- sleep disturbance;
- mood swings, feeling of apathy.
- depressed mental state;
- nausea and vomiting;
- throbbing headache;
- decreased concentration.
- incessant headache that is difficult to overcome, even with analgesics;
- constant cough;
- dizziness, disorientation.
Preventing the development of altitude sickness
It is known that the best treatment of the disease is its prevention. Therefore, to conquer the peaks better get ready.
- To avoid problems with the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, three times a week jogging for 30-40 minutes. Start at 3 months prior to a hike in the mountains.
- 2 months before the ascent propyl course of drugs that increase the hemoglobin.
- If you are prone to headaches, or suffer meteosensitive osteochondrosis cervical spine, you need to take a course of drugs that improve blood circulation of the brain.
- reception multivitamins It is mandatory for all those wishing to visit the mountain ranges. Starting to drink vitamins need to the previous month, and in the mountains to keep taking the tablets.
- Daily use of aspirin and vitamin C help blood thinners and supply of oxygen to all organs. Taking these drugs need is right in the highlands.
- The kit should contain all climbersnecessary medications: analgesics for headache, cough and immunomodulating agents, tablet-thinning mucus and reduce body temperature.
Successful acclimatization as a means of prevention of altitude sickness
In order to negate the symptoms of altitude sickness, you need to properly pass acclimatization in the highlands. To do this, follow a few rules:
- Use lifting gear to the mountain circuit. This means that rising to the place of spending the night you have to walk a few hundred meters up and spend some time there. Better in this case to give your body any exercise. You can then descend back to the place where you are going to spend the night.
- With the conquest of peaks above 3,000 meters, try not to overdo it, climb on the day of no more than 600 m. Through every thousand meters traveled stop for a day.
- In order to check how the body gets used toheight reconciliation at morning and evening pulse. If the frequency is lower in the morning it is 10-20%, so acclimatization is successful. If the heart rate above the morning of the evening, make yourself extra rest on top of the occupied.
- Do not go up into the mountains on transport - so the height is typed too fast and the body does not have time to adapt.
- Avoid heavy physical exertion for 2 days after lifting.
- Do not take alcohol in the mountains.
- Eat frequent small meals and opting for a diet rich in carbohydrates.
Observe all necessary precautions and listen to yourself - it will help you avoid serious manifestations of altitude sickness, and to preserve the health and well-being.