Often, the restless legs syndrome develops after 40 years. However, there are cases of its occurrence in adolescence or even in childhood.
At the moment it is not the exact causes of this disease have been established. However, several factors have been identified that could cause the manifestation of the syndrome. Our site will note the main ones:
- Abuse of caffeine.
- Excessive exercise.
- Taking certain medications.
- spinal cord lesions.
- rheumatoid arthritis.
- Violation of the thyroid gland works.
- Some nervous system disease (e.g., peripheral neuropathy).
- Renal and cardiac insufficiency.
- Sjogren's disease.
- Porphyrin disease.
- Lack of the body of some vitamins and trace elements (e.g., iron, calcium and potassium).
- Multiple sclerosis.
- Alcohol abuse.
- Operations on the stomach.
Types and forms
For the diagnosis of this syndromeperform polysomnography, which is a test in which the recording is made of human behavior, especially the signals observed during sleep. This test is often performed to determine the cause frequent waking during the night and daytime sleepiness.
Furthermore, for diagnostic analysis be appointedblood. It is used for the determination of magnesium in the body, and iron. Iron deficiency often provokes the development of secondary forms of the disease. Therefore, the analysis that determines the level of protein in the serum. The presence of iron deficiency in a patient said amount of protein in the blood is below 40 ug / l. Sometimes the presence of anemia not supported by any symptoms, but it can be revealed only by some clinical tests.
For the purpose of diagnosing the syndrome is also usedelectroneuromyography, which allows you to measure the speed of conduction of impulses in motor and sensory fibers. If the patient polinevropatichesky syndrome is diagnosed, it is required to perform additional diagnostics. It is necessary to find out the causes of the disease. To exclude diabetes and uremia, carried by one of the first blood chemistry.
To exclude the presence of other pathologiesconducted a survey and examination of the patient, identify disease symptoms that their symptoms are similar to the manifestation of restless legs syndrome. In particular, it turns out, whether the patient has peripheral vascular disease, polyneuropathy, convulsive disorder, akathisia, stenosis of the lumbar canal and radiculopathy.
In the treatment of restless legs syndrome focuses on treatment of the underlying disease that caused its manifestation. But it is not always known.
The patient is recommended to reduce or completelyeliminate from the diet of alcohol and caffeine. Also syndrome symptoms significantly decrease in smoking cessation. People with this disease will be useful to actively rubbing the legs, cold and hot tubs, mental activity with increased attention. We recommend some physical therapy procedures, namely mud, massage, magnetotherapy and limfopress.
Appointed and drugs. Thus, for example, are used in the treatment means used in Parkinson's disease. This benzodiazepines, anticonvulsants, and some drugs. Treatment of the syndrome is aimed primarily at reducing the symptoms of the disease, the patient's normal sleep disturbing.
If the illness was caused by iron deficiency, thenrestoration of its reserves in the body, as well as to eliminate the secondary form of restless legs syndrome, patients are assigned a tablet of ferrous sulfate. These drugs are usually taken orally.
In milder forms of the disease are appointed by tranquilizers or sleeping pills. Just be aware that when taking certain funds may be addictive.
In more severe forms of the syndrome are used to treat drugs with dopaminergic action. Such agents are appointed in very small doses.
When taking certain medications are the possible complications that can occur in the form of vomiting, severe nausea. headache and discomfort in the stomach and intestines. If in these cases to try to cope with the situation by increasing the dose of the drug, it can further aggravate the disease. In this case just shows the use of dopaminergic agents. Sometimes you want to have enough time to stop the symptoms of the syndrome.
Of the non-drug treatments for our site to celebrate frequently used:
- Daily gymnastics, which is especially useful for people who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
- Adherence of the day, t. e. to get up and go to bed should be approximately at the same time.
- Foot massage that can do both hands, and special massagers.
- Approximately 2-3 hours before bedtime need to abandon the use of coffee, tea, alcohol, and other soft drinks.